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Letter from the President and Executive Director

We're also in the process of creating an International Honorary Board as we re-engage on international drug control issues. We are proud to tell you that the first two members are Vaclav Havel, the famous writer, political dissident and former president of the Czech Republic and Ruth Dreifuss, who played a pivotal role in advancing drug law reform in Switzerland during her presidency of the Swiss Federal Council.

Smoking Leisure Creativity

Many artists and writers have used cannabis for creative stimulation - from the writers of the world's religious masterpieces to our most irreverent satirists. These include Lewis Carroll and his hookah- smoking caterpillar in Alice in Wonderland, plus Victor Hugo and Alexander Dumas such jazz greats as Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, Duke Ellington and Gene Krupa and the pattern continues right up to modern-day artists and musicians such as the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, the Eagles, the Doobie Brothers, Bob Marley, Jefferson Airplane, Willie Nelson, Buddy RIch, Country Joe & the Fish, Joe Walsh, David Carradine, David Bowie, Iggy Pop, Lola Falana, Hunter S. Thompson, Peter Tosh, the Grateful Dead, Cypress Hill, Sinead O'Connor, Black Crowes, etc.

Dr Leary Gets Turned On

Such 'ratomorphism' as the writer and philosopher Arthur Koestler cynically termed it, used to dominate psychological science, and topics like mind and consciousness were banished from the scientific arena like some forbidden fruit unfit for empirical consumption. Even though, of course, the science of psychology is itself mediated through the stuff of consciousness. Today things are fortunately beginning to change and a kind of philosophical psychological approach to mind and consciousness is emerging, a topic I will later explore in much detail.

Leary Begins To Spread The Good News

With his constant supply of mushroom pills, the heavily armed Leary soon began extending his influence to various contemporary American poets, writers, and artists, in particular, luminaries like Jack Kerouak, Neil Cassidy, Allen Ginsberg, William Burroughs, and Dizzy Gillespie to name but a few. Leary began to realise that whilst many were enthralled by the experience, others were overtly disinterested. Youth emerged as a salient factor in attitude toward psilocybin and this led Leary to propose that

W Hemp Chronicles

End, it argues that cannabis has far fewer side effects than most of the prescription medications available on the market, and is fundamentally harder to overdose on given the incredibly enormous LD-50 of THC. Many in the medicinal community regard the scheduled nature of cannabis as ludicrous in Treating Yourself issue 10, writer Wendal Grant compares the enormous and incredibly daunting list of side-effects for the pharmaceuticals prescribed by doctors, with the comparatively-harmless effects of cannabis (Grant 2007). From this emerges the moral claim medicinal cannabis users are able to make given that the professional consensus is perceived to have a credibility gap while simultaneously claiming that a plant with no overdose or physical addiction potential and incredibly benign side-effects is an enormously harmful drug (even while the patient is experiencing relief from it), the patient is forced into a moral quandary. He or she is thus forced to either violate professional...

Support For The Mushroom Grows

Another well-known writer at the time of psilocybin's first wave of Western use was the revered author and poet Robert Graves who also wrote publicly of his mushroom experience. Actually, Graves had been intrigued by mushrooms ever since he had licked a species of fly agaric as a young boy and had consequently experienced burning sensations on his tongue. Perhaps the incident had been a symbolic Gaian kiss of sorts, or at least a taste of things to come. At any rate, as the reader will recall, it was Graves who originally notified Wasson of the secret mushroom ceremonies still extant in Mexico. It comes as no surprise then that Graves eventually went on to write speculative articles on entheogenic mushroom use in ancient Greece (such speculation remains contentious) after he had tried the sacred sacrament in Wasson's New York apartment in 1960.

Federal Schedule Listing Unlisted

The gas format is used recreationally (sometimes along with chloroform), but drinking liquid ether is a more common recreational usage. Effects of drinking are similar to those produced by alcohol but appear faster and last briefly. People feel stimulated and confused, may experience euphoria and hallucinations, may have difficulty walking, and sometimes pass out. Ether drinking is associated with Ireland, where the custom was adopted in response to temperance movement restrictions on alcohol's availability in the 1800s. Ether drinking has been known in other European countries also, as well as the United States. In America during the 1800s ether was drunk on occasions ranging from a professional medical society meeting to weddings and quilting bees. Such a range indicates wide social acceptance of the practice. The substance was considered less harmful than alcohol. While using ether, nineteenth-century writer and physician Oliver Wendell Holmes made notes about spiritual insight...

Destroying the Public Record

Among the thousands of California actors, musicians and writers who legally use medical marijuana was famed author Peter McWilliams, who suffered from AIDS and cancer. He said, If it weren't for the illegal pot dealers (before Proposition 215), there would have been no marijuana and I wouldn't be alive today. Marijuana eases nausea and makes it possible for me to keep down food and the pills I must take to combat my diseases. Fuck the federal government. Use it if you need it.

America Death To Israel Allah Is Great

The wording in the letters implied that the person who sent them was from the Middle East and was Muslim. But that doesn't make any sense either. The Washington letters were addressed to quite liberal Democrat Senators. If the person was mad at the US government, why would they send them to two men who don't have a history of making reckless statements about Arab countries (as the President and several Republican congressmen have) and did not advocate force in dealing with international diplomatic situations. One might think that the letter writer, if he is indeed American, has a thing against Democrats.

Popular Inspiration of the 19th Century Literary Greats

From the early 1800s on, some of the world's foremost romantic and revolutionary writers on individual freedom and human dignity extolled cannabis use. We study their works in school today as classics Victor Hugo Les Miserables, 1862, Notre Dame de Paris (Hunchback of), 1831 Alexandre Dumas The Count of Monte Cristo, 1844, The Three Musketeers, 1844 Coleridge, Cautier, De Quincy, Balzac, Baudelaire, and John Greenleaf Whittier (Barbara Fritchie), etc. Cannabis and mushroom imagery influenced Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, 1865, and Through the Looking Glass, 1872. In the early 1860s, Mark Twain's best friend and mentor was the already-famous best-selling writer and advocate of cannabis, the young (mid-20s) Fitz Hugh Ludlow (The Hashish Eater, 1857). Ludlow extolled hashish eating as a wondrous mind adventure but warned strongly against over-indulgence of it and all drugs.

Including The Postage

Already we appear to have gate-crashed the pulp storylines so beloved of sci-fi writers. In defence of such a move, we should hold in mind that, whatever the case, reality is like fiction. Why things should be the way they are in this neck of the cosmos is decidedly strange with or without psilocybinetic speculation. Indeed, as Einstein pointed out before reality terminated his mortal existence, the most incomprehensible thing about the Universe would appear to be its very comprehensibility to the human mind. Back to the chase. The aforementioned 3 options concerning the Other, should we care to elaborate upon them, have been explored in one way or another by the late sci-fi writer Philip K.Dick who used fiction as an unbounded medium in which to put across some decidedly mystical ideas about what he believed to be the true nature of reality. By looking at some of the relevant fictional scenarios he created, we shall be able to more clearly divine the feasibility of at least one of...

Nahas Prescription for Bloated Police Budges

Yet the DEA, NIDA, VISTA, the War on Drugs, and now-deceased writer Peggy Mann (in Reader's Digest articles and her book Marijuana Alert, wilth foreward by Nancy Reagan) have used these discredited studies on parents' groups such as Parents for a Drug Free Youth, etc., often with Nahas as a highly paid guest lecturer, without a word of how his studies are really considered by this peers.

Extracts From The Wicker Report

About a year ago, New York Times writer Walter Carlson did a feature on marijuana The article had been spurred by a series of incidents on college campuses namely University of Toledo, New York University, University of Massachusetts, University of Colorado, Columbia, Brandeis, Cornell, and the University of Wisconsin in which students had been discovered scoring, dealing, holding, or puffing on various varieties of green, brown, and gold weed. The Brandeis Dean of Students was reported as predicting experimentation with marijuana would 'grow', especially since it had attained an 'aura of respectability' as a result of Harvard's consciousness-expanding (LSD) controversy and the increasing popularity of writers such as Aldous Huxley whose books related their own experiences with consciousness-expanding agents. Less than a year later Martin Arnold, another New York Times writer, commenced his frontpage marijuana-narcotics feature story on a completely contradictory note. This writer is...

A critique of elite sport

Perhaps the real flaw in these sorts of explanations is that they construct doping as a problem. Even theories which point to personal obsession, insecurities, anxieties, fear of failure, and all-consuming will to win, suggest something is fundamentally wrong with the soul of the athlete. However, writers on wider drug use in society have argued that governmental and other authoritarian discourses from the eighteenth century onwards deny the essential 'pleasure' inherent in drug use

Symptomatic Relief in Multiple Sclerosis and Spinal Cord Injury

More recent trials of cannabis-based medicines in MS have given mixed results. Vaney and colleagues (2002) enrolled 57 MS patients in a randomised, crossover comparison of 15 mg THC daily in divided doses for 15 days with placebo. A significant improvement in a subjective rating of spasm frequency was not accompanied by objective improvement as represented by the Ashworth Score (Ashworth 1964). This is a measure of biological impairment, as opposed to disability or handicap, and relies upon an estimation by a clinician. A trend towards improvement in mobility was noted, but no effect on tremor, sleep quality, or lower urinary tract symptoms. Adverse events occurred with similar frequency in the active and control groups, but were more severe in the former. Killestein et al. (2002) reported an unambiguously negative study in 16 MS patients. In a randomised, double-blind crossover design, they compared synthetic THC with a cannabis plant extract containing the same amount of THC and...

Policies Based on Ignorance

While researching this book over the last 24 years, we talked with and questioned senators, legislators, judges, police, DAs, scientists, historians, Nobel Prize winners, dentists, and MDs. All knew little bits and pieces of the history and uses of cannabis, but virtually no one knew any depth about marijuana in its 360-degree entirety except long-term medical researchers, such as Ungerlieder, Mikuriya, et al and writers like Ed Rosenthal, Dean

The Virola Tree as a Source of Snuff

But even this corrected classification did not clear up all the confusion, because snuffs were attributed by many writers to Anadenanthera, whether or not that genus actually occurred locally, and even though the observed method of preparation suggested that several different and even unrelated species might be involved. The mystery was cleared up when several species of Virola, a tree belonging not, like Anadenanthera, to the Leguminoseae (pea family) but, like nutmeg, to the Myristicaceae, were confirmed as source of some of the snuffs once attributed solely to A. peregrina. Schultes was again prominently involved in settling this problem.

May the Best Meme

Originally birthed as High Frontiers, a 1 zine about drugs, altered states of consciousness, and associated philosophies, the publication spent a brief incarnation as Reality Hackers, concerning itself with computer issues and activism as Cyberia's interests became decidedly more high tech. Now known to all simply as Mondo, the two or so issues that make their way down from the Berkeley Hills editorial coven each year virtually reinvent the parameters of Cyberia every time they hit the stands. If a virus makes it onto the pages of Mondo, then it has made it onto the map. Cyberia's spotlight, Mondo brings together new philosophy, arts, politics, and technology, defining an aesthetic and an agenda for those who may not yet be fully online. Mondo is the magazine equivalent of a house club. But more than gathering members of a geographical region into a social unit, Mondo gathers members of a more nebulous region into a like-minded battalion of memes. Its readers are its writers are its...

Paracelsus A Grandfather of Forensic Toxicology

Paracelsus (1493-1541) was a colorful eccentric, alchemist, philosopher, and writer with unconventional ideas and enormous experimental skills. He was born into a Swiss family and named Philipus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim. The name Bombastus was appropriate, yet he assumed the name Paracelsus, which means greater than Celsus, a physician in Rome during the first century c.E. From his early teens Paracelsus moved frequently between universities, gathering knowledge and moving on.

Brief Counseling for Marijuana Dependence

This publication was developed with support from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) to the University of Connecticut School of Medicine through Grant No. TI1 1323. This study was funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), CSAT, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). The research was conducted in Farmington, Connecticut (UR4 TI1 1273 and UR4 TI1 1310), Miami, Florida (UR4 TI1 1274), and Seattle, Washington (UR4 TI1 1270), in cooperation with the following institutions University of Connecticut Health Center, The Village South, Inc., University of Washington, and Evergreen Treatment Services. The publication was produced by Johnson, Bassin & Shaw, Inc. (JBS), under the Knowledge Application Program (KAP) contract numbers 270-99-7072 and 270-04-7049 with SAMHSA, DHHS. Christina Currier served as the CSAT Government Project Officer. Andrea Kopstein, Ph.D., M.PH., served as the Deputy Government Project Officer. Jean...

Steroids in sport 19451960

A number of writers have argued that steroids were manufactured and refined for physical performance purposes by the Nazi party during the Second World War. Houlihan offers the claim that steroids 'were used in the 1940s for the non-medical purpose of increasing the aggressiveness and strength of German soldiers' (1999 45). Unfortunately, he fails to cite any supporting evidence. John Hoberman discusses in some detail the myth of Nazi steroid science (1992) but it remains impossible to judge with any real certainty whether this myth has any sport. The protagonists in this story supposedly make for reliable witnesses, mostly Zeigler himself who later in his career openly discussed his role in the development of steroids for American athletes. So it seems this is the first confirmed use of the drugs for competition. It is curious though that the Americans had not thought of using testosterone or steroids in sport before 1954. After all, it was in use and given the various claims made...

Racemate de methamphetamine

English courtier, navigator, colonizer, and writer. A favorite of Elizabeth I, he campaigned in Ireland and C diz, explored Guiana, colonized Virginia, and introduced tobacco and the potato to Europe. Convicted of treason by James I, he was released for another expedition to Guiana and executed after its failure. His literary works include poetry, memoirs, and a world history.

Starving Hysterical Naked

In terms of physique, William Burroughs could've been Aldous Huxley's brother he had the same lanky lack of flesh, the same quick, nervous mind. He also had the same artistic inclinations, although he possessed an exoticness that was entirely foreign to Aldous's clear, cold logic engine. As a child, Burroughs once said, I wanted to be a writer because writers were rich and famous. They lounged around Singapore and Rangoon smoking opium in yellow pongee silk suits. They sniffed cocaine in Mayfair and they penetrated forbidden swamps with a faithful native boy and lived in the native quarter of Tangier smoking hashish and languidly caressing a pet gazelle. 4 It is a testament to Kerouac's self-discipline that he didn't succumb to the low, evil decadence that surrounded him, that he didn't disappear into the heroin haze that Burroughs lived in, or the Benzedrine addiction that was steadily claiming Burroughs's wife, Joan. In fact, the emotional melodrama that climaxed with Kammerer's...

Intimations Of A Sacred Mexican Mushroom

In 1952 an acquaintance of the Wassons, the noted poet and historical writer Robert Graves, wrote a crucial letter informing them of a supposed secret mushroom cult still in existence in Mexico. Graves included in his letter a clipping from a Canadian pharmaceutical journal which discussed finds made by Richard Evans Schultes years earlier. It transpired that Schultes, one of the world's leading ethnobotanists attached to Harvard had, in 1938, identified a species of Panaeoleus mushroom as being the sacred sacrament allegedly employed by Mexican Indians. At that time, only this one entheogenic species had been identified by Schultes and although a few European people had observed a native Mexican mushroom ceremony, no outsiders had been permitted to partake of the mushroom itself. This is significant, for without actually personally experiencing the psilocybin mushroom, one can only guess at it's effects and therefore the early anthropological observations passed by without much...

Nonmedical Use of LSD

It was obvious that a substance with such fantastic effects on mental perception and on the experience of the outer and inner world would also arouse interest outside medical science, but I had not expected that LSD, with its unfathomably uncanny, profound effects, so unlike the character of a recreational drug, would ever find worldwide use as an inebriant. I had expected curiosity and interest on the part of artists outside of medicine-performers, painters, and writers-but not among people in general. After the scientific publications around the turn of the century on mescaline-which, as already mentioned, evokes psychic effects quite like those of LSD-the use of this compound remained confined to medicine and to experiments within artistic and literary circles. I had expected the same fate for LSD. And indeed, the first non-medicinal self-experiments with LSD were carried out by writers, painters, musicians, and other intellectuals.

Alcoholization French alcoolsation

American writer and reformer best known for her largely autobiographical novel Little Women (18681869). Described the effects of marijuana in her short story Perlous play. Aldcrofts, Richard American artist, a pioneer of psychedelic art in the 1960s. He constructed the Infinity Machine that created psychedelic images through a random process. A projector and a rotating cylinder containing design elements floating in liquid. The changing patterns of the swirling elements where projected onto a screen. Aldehyde Any of a class of highly reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids. See also Acetaldehyde. Aldehyde dehydrogenase Enzyme which breaks down acetaldehyde to acetic acid. Aldrich, Thomas Bailey 1836-1907, American author b. Portsmouth, N.H. He is most widely known for his autobiographical The Story of a Bad Boy...

Smoking In The Movies Does it influence teen smokers

Julia Roberts chain-smoked throughout My Best Friend's Wedding in 1997. Leonardo DiCaprio polluted the skies over Thailand in 2000 with cigarette after cigarette in The Beach. Even the adorable little green aliens from Men in Black II puffed on cigarettes in 2002. Experts fear that Hollywood blockbuster movies are sending the wrong message to teens by showing some of the most famous actors and actresses lighting up cigarettes. The writers, directors, and studios that produce these movies claim they are merely imitating real-life trends and attitudes toward smoking.

Kerouac Jean Louis Jack 19221969

The book has become classic in the drug literature genre. He was discharged from the Navy during World War II as a schizoid personality, he served as a merchant seaman. Thereafter he roamed the United States and Mexico, working at a variety of jobs that included railroad man and forest ranger, before he published his first novel, The Town and the City (1950). Dissatisfied with fictional conventions, however, Kerouac developed a new, spontaneous, nonstop, unedited method of writing that shocked more polished writers. On the Road, written in three weeks, was the first product of the new style. A formless book, it deals with a number of frenetic trips back and forth across the country by a number of penniless young people who are in love with life, beauty, jazz, sex, drugs, speed, and mysticism but have absolute contempt for alarm clocks, timetables, road maps, mortgages, pensions, and all traditional American rewards for industry. The book drew the attention of the public to a...

Bartenders Against Drunk Driving

Basketball Diaries, the Film released in 1995. Director Scott Kalvert David C. Dean. Adolescent drug addiction provides the focus for this timely drama based on author Jim Carroll's best-selling 1978 autobiography. As a young man, Carroll belonged to the St. Vitus basketball team, the best Catholic team in New York. His three teammates and best friends and he loved to hang out. They were a rebellious lot and loved to experiment with drugs. Often they would steal from rival teams, and beat them up. Jim was a little different from the other three because he was a compulsive writer who kept detailed journals. The boys initially innocent drug use led them into a spiral of increasingly stronger drugs and eventual heroin addiction. Two of the boys are kicked off the basketball team for drug use. Jim's own mother kicks him out of the house for his. The addicted friends become petty thugs to support their habits. Eventually Jim's mother gets him arrested and Jim realizes his life has bottomed...

Cannabis Intoxication And Its Similarity To That Of Peyote And LSD

The difference between cannabis and the other hallucinogens must be understood in terms of the motivation of the user as well as the strength of the reaction. This is not to say that the set of the user is not very important for the others as well, but cannabis is especially amenable to control and direction so that the desired effects can usually be obtained at will. Michaux, a French writer, has repeatedly explored his own reactions to the various hallucinogens and writes, 'Compared to other hallucinogenic drugs, hashish is feeble, without great range, but easy to handle, convenient, repeatable without immediate danger.'5 It is these features, plus the fact that consumption by smoking enables the experienced user to accurately control the amount absorbed, that makes cannabis a dependable producer of the desired euphoria and sense of well-being. This aspect is pointed up in the study by the New York Mayor's Committee which examined the reaction of experienced users to smoking and...

Few Words On Appreciation

First, let me explain why I've undertaken ihe lask of writing a column devoted to a connoisseur's consciousness of cannabis. For years I've been waiting for someone to step forward and bring to the appreciation of fine marijuana the attention to nuance and personality that wine tasters bring to writing about fine vintages, the sensual relish with which food writers describe the subtle savors they devour. Someone to combine the fierce protectiveness and concern for quality control that Ralph Nader brings to the consumer of over-the-counter goods with, the sensitivity that Merleau-Ponty brings to the phenomenology of mind.

A critique of antidoping

At the same time, the argument that doping betrayed the principles of fair play was also overplayed. There are any number of ways in which sport is not a level playing field from genetic inheritance to access to resources to psychological assistance and good coaching. In fact, the point of training and preparation is to make the playing field uneven. So the attempt to connect sportsmanship with some notion of purity and positive life force led to the oppositional idea that drugs, cheating and corruption went hand-in-hand and would result in the death of sport. Yet, as some of the pre-war writers on doping illustrated, the boundaries between stimulant drugs and other forms of enhancement were extremely blurred (B0je 1939). When does a natural substance such as oxygen, altitude or even testosterone become cheating How is taking a chemical substance that much different from using specialised equipment, psychological counselling or team tactics The notion that sport was about matching...

Emotional Distress And Physical Pain Of Dying Individuals

The original suggestion that psychedelic therapy could be useful for persons with terminal diseases came independently from the American pediatrician of Russian origin, Valentina Pavlovna Wasson, and the writer and philosopher Aldous Huxley. Wasson came to this conclusion on the basis of her experience with the Mexican sacred mushrooms, and Huxley as a result of his psychedelic sessions with mescaline and LSD. The pioneering clinical work with cancer patients was conducted in the early sixties at the Chicago Medical School by Eric Kast who was primarily interested in the possibility of using LSD as an analgesic. A systematic

USA Availability Nonprescription but sales and usage are controlled in some jurisdictions

This drug has been known since the 1720s. Some authorities describe nitrous oxide as an opioid some persons even use the gas to counteract effects from stimulants. Nitrous oxide actions and its recreational use are similar to those of other inhalants. Recreational use is illegal in some jurisdictions but has a venerable history. The writer Samuel Taylor Coleridge, thesaurus compiler Peter Mark Roget, and potter Josiah Wedgwood were all eighteenth-century notables who relaxed with nitrous oxide.

Lffel abgeben German colloquial term for dying

London, Jack (1876-1916), American writer, whose work combined powerful realism and humanitarian sentiment. He was born John Griffith London in San Francisco. After completing grammar school, London worked at various odd jobs, and in 1897 and 1898 he participated in the Alaska gold rush. Upon his return to the San Francisco area, he began to write about his experiences. A collection of his short stories, The Son of the Wolf, was published in 1900. London's colorful life, during which he wrote more than 50 books and which included enormous popular successes as an author, experience as a war correspondent, and two stormy marriages, ended in his suicide at the age of 40. He wrote John Barleycorn (1913), an autobiographical novel about London's struggle against alcoholism. Loner Colloquial term for a 12 Step person in an area with no 12 step group available (e.g., AA person in Morocco where AA is outlawed).

Meeting with Aldous Huxley

At the time I already knew the earlier work of this great writer and thinker, books that meant much to me, like Point Counter Point, Brave New World, After Many a Summer, Eyeless in Gaza, and a few others. In The Doors of Perception and Heaven and Hell, Huxley's newly-published works, I found a meaningful exposition of the experience induced by hallucinogenic drugs, and I thereby gained a deepened insight into my own LSD experiments.

Which Recreational Drug Destroys Users Most Quickly

Truckdrivers, students, writers, artists, businesspeople and deadline-meeters of all types soon became enamored of the utilitarian aspects of amphetamine use-the tremendous boost in energy and concentration, the lack of need for sleep or food, the great productivity, and the euphoric feelings of confidence and sharpness. Writers or truckdrivers who use diet pills sevei*al days in a 10w may find themselves irritable, anxious, aggressive and in a fatigued but sleepless state at the end of a week. As amphetamines squelch the appetite and suppress the senses of smell and taste, food is un templing if not downright unswallowable. While the drug tends to cause diarrhea, a user may in fact become constipated from lack of raw materia). . delusions. Even though at first the user may view this development with a certain intellectual detachment, chronic heavy use typically destroys mental balance and the delusions become strikingly real While a hit of speed will energize a relaxed mind to new...

The Reindeer and the Sacred Mushroom

Now, it happens that not only Siberian shamans but their reindeer as well were involved with the sacred mushrooms. Several early writers on Siberian customs reported that reindeer shared with man a passion for the inebriating mushroom, and further, that at times the animals urgently sought out human urine, a peculiarity that greatly facilitated the work of the herders in rounding them up and that might just possibly have assisted their reindeer-hunting ancestors in early efforts at domestication From a strictly psychopharmacological point of view, Steller's and Erman's accounts are in one respect impossible, in that the tribesmen could not have become inebriated by eating only the meat of an intoxicated reindeer. But it is possible that the early writers missed something, and that the contents of the bladder were consumed for that purpose perhaps in a hunting rite akin to the walrus-bladder ritual of Alaskan Eskimos. The urine of reindeer drunk with fly-agaric would of course be as...

Attempts To Dam The Flow Of Psilocybin

At this point in our journey I should like to examine the main objections which were often levelled against the use of psilocybin when it first became available in the wake of Wasson's discovery, Such objections were expressed precisely and clearly by various writers and social commentators, most notably the writer and philosopher Arthur Koestler whom I briefly mentioned earlier. Koestler, who had written numerous acclaimed books on science, philosophy, and the paranormal, tried psilocybin on at least two occasions at the start of the sixties. Leary, a fan of Koestler's work, had written to him about psilocybin's miraculous properties and invited him to come out to Harvard to try it for himself. He offered even harsher words about his second trip at Leary's apartment. When an American writer and acquaintance talked of 'cosmic awareness', 'expanding consciousness', and 'Zen Enlightenment', Koestler thought this downright obscene, more so than four-lettered words . Clearly, here was a...

Second Generation Effects Teratogenicity

Many doctors did not notice or did not heed warnings in the early 1970s about the risks of giving diethylstilbestrol to pregnant women. As late as 1974, according to one writer, some 11000 prescriptions for diethylstilbestrol to be used during pregnancy were written in the USA (21). In 1976, it was observed that diethylstilbestrol was given to unsuspecting pregnant women in several Latin-American countries (21). In other countries, prescribing physicians' responses to reports that linked the use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy with cancer risks in their daughters were even slower. The latest documented prescription of diethylstilbestrol in Europe was in Spain in 1983 (22).

Idolatry Hallucinogens And Cultural Survival

In a sense they were right the missionary clergy correctly perceived the sacred mushrooms, morning-glory seeds, peyote, snuffs, tobacco, and other magical (that is, consciousness-transforming) plants as obstacles to total conversion, since their continued use, in secret and under the constant threat of the most cruel punishment, from public flogging to burning alive at the stake, served to confirm and validate the traditional symbolic and religious world views of some of the aboriginal peoples and to consolidate resistance against their total destruction. And in fact, as ecclesiastical writers of later centuries were forced to admit, the great expenditure of missionary zeal, the preaching, and the punishment seemed in the end to have accomplished little more than to drive these practices underground, where they were even harder to combat. Or else the Indians had managed to work peyote, morning-glory seeds, and other sacred plants so subtly into Christian doctrine and ritual that they...

An affront to amateurism doping in the Olympics

While the evidence of usage has never been proven, Jensen's posthumous reputation continues to be sullied by those eager to use his body as proof of the health risks of doping, and by those whose retrospective accounts neatly see his death as the catalyst for an international anti-doping movement. As M0ller (2005) so convincingly shows, myths have been taken for facts in this case. Such has been the power of this myth that it has been repeated by various academics, sports administrators and writers of popular sports history. Perhaps it is even more important to realise that anti-doping and cycling leaders have succumbed to this myth. One of Prokop's principal allies in the anti-doping fight of the 1960s was Belgian doctor Albert Dirix, who was inspired by the idea that Jensen died due to a drug overdose

Correspondence with the Poet Physician Walter Vogt

My friendship with the physician, psychiatrist, and writer Walter Vogt, M.D., is also among the personal contacts that I owe to LSD. As the following extract from our correspondence shows, it was less the medicinal aspects of LSD, important to the physician, than the consciousness-altering effects on the depth of the psyche, of interest to the writer, that constituted the theme of our correspondence. Now I have already read your lay sermon three times, the description and interpretation of your Sinai Trip. Walter Vogt Mein Sinai Trip. Eine Laienpredigt My Sinai trip A lay sermon (Verlag der Arche, Zurich, 1972). This publication contains the text of a lay sermon that Walter Vogt gave on 14 November 1971 on the invitation of Parson Christoph Mohl, in the Protestant church of Vaduz (Lichtenstein), in the course of a series of sermons by writers, and in addition contains an afterword by the author and by the inviting parson. It involves the description and interpretation of an...

Table of Contents

This brief study does not focus on the political economy or culture of drugs in the Third World, topics already scrutinized by numerous other writers and scholars. Nor does it pretend to offer an insider's account of the bureaucratic politics of drug policy making in the U.S. government. Instead, it explores the ways in which drug enforcement has been systematically subordinated to larger foreign policy objectives. The American people, and Congress, cannot meaningfully debate national drug policy in the face of ignorance or silence about those true objectives.


The recreational use of cannabis likely followed its early prescription for physical ailments. The intoxicating effects of the plant may have contributed to the ancient Scythian practice of huffing the smoke during funerals, as first reported in 450 B.C. By 100 A.D., the Chinese Taoists used the drug to induce visions. The intoxicant inspired stories of sexual arousal, like the one in 1,001 Nights, which appeared by 1200 A.D. News of the drug's psychoactive properties spread throughout Europe. Napoleon's soldiers brought hashish to France from Egypt in 1798. Moreau, the French physician, supplied the drug to many French artists and writers in the middle of the 1840s. Literary work about hashish contributed to experiments in the United States, where Fitz Hugh Ludlow published a tale of his intoxication in 1857. Use did not spread in America until after the turn of the century. By the 1930s, the drug was illegal in every state. Despite this legislation, use increased in the 1960s and...

Ty Readers Gallery wishes to remind readers to be aware that the sale, possession and transport of viable cannabis seeds is illegal in many countries, particularly in the USA. We do not wish to induce anyone to act in conflict with the law. We do not promote the germination and growth of these seeds where prohibited by law. Treating Yourself assumes no responsibility for any claims or representations contained in this magazine or in any advertisement. All material is for entertainment and educational purposes only Treating Yourself does not encourage the illegal use of any of the products or advertisements within. All opinions are those of the writer and do not necessarily reflect those of Treating Yourself. Nothing in this publication may be reproduced in any manner, either in whole or in part without the expressed written consent of the publisher. All rights reserved. All advertised products and offers void where prohibited. Occasionally we may use material we believe to be placed...

Heroes and villains

Accusations have been made about Linford Christie, Lance Armstrong and Marion Jones in the past couple of years. Going back to the 1970s and 1980s, we see that the GDR and USSR systems are consistently assumed to have been based on comprehensive doping (Ungerleider 2001). And the sudden rise of successful Chinese swimmers and runners in the 1990s was implicitly linked by some to illicit drug use. Such cases show how embedded the ethics of doping have become in global sports cultures and how many writers assume the simple good or bad model can and should be applied.

Critical voices

The question remains to what extent did drug use in sport trouble contemporary writers and participants. An early example of an emerging anti-doping ideology came in 1895 in an article in the medical section of the New York Times. This came in response to rumours of 'bicyclists who use various coca and kola compounds in order to help them with their work' and 'that preparations of cocaine are consumed to some extent'. These claims were treated with serious disapproval been shown to be caused by illicit drugs. Nonetheless, the trainer was banned from cycling tracks by the National Cyclists' Union. And we can see that doping was considered a serious breach of the 'spirit of sport' by at least some spectators during this period. Quite whether there is enough evidence to prove the case is doubtful. However, this obstacle has not prevented many writers from assuming Linton's death was caused by a drug overdose (see Chapter 1) or from claims such as Woodland's that Warburton 'had a...


Author Biographical Sketch Ed Coet is a retired US Army officer, a professional educator, and a widely published freelance writer and poet. Ed has had numerous articles published on a variety of topics. Ed's short stories, David's Angel, Big Bertha, and Simon and Papa John were published in the popular ezine Bewildering Stories. They also appear in the Author's Den along with several of Ed's other articles and poems. Ed Coet's poems have been published in or accepted for publication in Purple Dream Ezine, Solder Works magazine, Children, Churches & Daddies Magazine, Scars publication, Steller Showcase Journal, Both Sides Now Journal, Because We Write Magazine, Cynic Magazine, Fullosia Press, Author's Den Ezine, and Muscadine Lines, A Southern Journal.

Drugs in society

It can be argued that both sport and stimulant drugs are derived from the antifatigue movement of the mid-nineteenth century. Anson Rabinbach has argued that from the 1870s onwards fatigue was seen by scientists, writers, industrialists, and political activists as 'the chief sign of the body's refusal to bend to the disciplines of modern society' (1992 38). Whether at home or in the colonies, European middle classes sought to transform those considered slothful, indolent, weak or ineffective

The Case of Dr Leary

The reintegration of convicts into society, the production of mystico-religious experiences in theologians and members of the clergy, and the furtherance of creativity in artists and writers with the help of LSD and psilocybin were tested with scientific methodology. Even persons like Aldous Huxley, Arthur Koestler, and Allen Ginsberg participated in these investigations. Particular consideration was given to the question, to what degree mental preparation and expectation of the subjects, along with the external milieu of the experiment, are able to influence the course and character of states of psychedelic inebriation.

Arbitrating Anarchy

One of these still fictional interface ideas is called 'wireheading'. This is a new branch of computer technology where designers envision creating hardware that wires the computer directly to the brain. The user literally plugs wires into his own head, or has a microchip and transmitter surgically implanted inside the skull. Most realistic visions of wireheading involve as-yet univented biological engineering techniques where brain cells would be coaxed to link themselves to computer chips, or where organic matter would be grafted onto computer chips which could then be attached to a person's nerve endings. This wetware', as science fiction writers call it, would provide a direct, physical interface between a human nervous system on one side, and computer hardware on the other. The computer technology for such an interface is here the understanding of the human nervous system is not.

A M Not Here

The writers of the twentieth century who first took the psychedelic voyage out Antonin Artaud, Henri Michaux, Aldous Huxley, and William Burroughs among them found that the tribal sacraments, off-limits and litde known in the West for many centuries, had a split identity. On the one hand, the substances opened vast domains of perceptual awareness, sparked new ideas, and unleashed visions that seemed to unfold from the Jungian collective unconscious, or from the mind of a supernatural trickster. But the experience was also one of abjection and anxiety and helplessness.

Gottfried Benn

Gottfried Benn (1886-1956) was one of the leading German lyric poets of this century and the major spokesman of the writers of the expressionist period in Germany. A physician by profession (he practiced medicine throughout his life) he did a considerable amount of original research in his field. In poetry he stood for the exploration of novel and often extreme experiences for the expression of which he created a new language combining divergent elements from the medical, vernacular and refined poetic vocabularies, coining new expressions, using daring images, and revolutionary ideas.


Artaud and Michaux recounted their hallucinogenic forays in fractured Modernist style. The British novelist Aldous Huxley narrated the account of his 1953 mescaline trip with the dry wit and clarity of an English detective novelist or a boy's adventure writer. In the introduction to The Doors of Perception, the most influential work of Western psychedelic literature, Huxley announces his intent to join the sleuths biochemists, psychiatrists, psychologists on the trail of mescaline. Huxley undertook his mescaline journey in 1953, the same year the Wassons first tried psilocybin. The author of numerous novels and literary essays, as well as the best-selling work of predictive science fiction, Brave New World, he had long been fascinated by mysticism. This fascination was in spite, or perhaps because, of the fact that his own tendency as a thinker and a writer was toward a prolific but slighdy inert rationality. There was something amoeboid about Phillip Quayle's mind, Huxley wrote in...


Many popular writers of the day, including Charles Baudelaire, Arthur Rimbaud, and Pierre Gautier, wrote enthusiastically about the effects of hashish. Gautier and Baudelaire were even members of the Club des Hachischins, in which writers and intellectuals gathered and experimented with hashish. Although intrigued by the writers' descriptions of their experiences with the drug, the public at large looked upon marijuana with a mix of fear and repugnance. As a result, hashish remained a drug whose use was largely confined to a few European artists and intellectuals. During the 1920s and 1930s, marijuana grew in popularity in the United States, especially among musicians and other entertainers. It was at this time that the federal government began to express concern about the spread of the drug. The first federal antimarijuana laws were passed in the 1930s, in what is considered the beginning of the nation's war on drugs. One campaign by the Federal Bureau of Narcotics portrayed...

Psychotic Reaction

Had you suggested, at the 1962 White House Conference on Narcotics, that in just four short years America would resemble what Time magazine described as a psychedelic smorgasbord, you would have been laughed from the podium. Marijuana and heroin were the chief concerns back then LSD barely rated a footnote. The general consensus was that, in spite of lurid statements by some popular writers, psychedelics were a fringe phenomenon, limited to long hair and beatnik cults. 1 That people other than kooks might seriously believe a drug could expand consciousness, or propel one up the evolutionary ladder, had seemed too ludicrous for words.


I would suggest that the more educated you are in language, the less tendency you have to use words of emphasis like this. There are many writers and comedians who manage to engage the audience without resorting to swear words, as indeed there are many people who manage to express themselves without so much as a fuck or shit.

Aggression Overview

In addition to concerns about loss of motivation and reckless driving, many people fear that cannabis intoxication can lead to hostility. Reviews of the cannabis literature invariably reflect writers' prejudices. Summaries of studies on marijuana and aggression may reveal these biases more than any other area of research. Interpretations of this literature are incredibly disparate. One author's evidence for marijuana's connection to violence serves as another author's proof that the drug does not cause aggression.

Too Many Gurus

Then there was Leary, rumored to be in India, although actually he was back at Millbrook, living in a teepee on Ecstasy Hill. Tim had gone tribal that summer, wearing buckskins and a beaded headband, and waxing lyrical over the communal joys of teepee living. It was his first idle stretch since India, and he spent it getting high and listening to the new Beatles album. Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, on a portable stereo. I've dropped out completely myself, he told a Look magazine writer. I'm already an anachronism in the LSD movement anyway. The Beatles have taken my place. That latest album a complete celebration of LSD. He called them the four evangelists. 1 But Tim didn't let his financial and legal problems undermine his optimism. America will be an LSD country within fifteen years, he cheerfully informed a BBC interviewer. Our Supreme Court will be smoking marijuana within fifteen years. It's inevitable, because the students in our best universities are doing it now....

Valious Visitors

The diverse aspects, the multi-faceted emanations of LSD are also expressed in the variety of cultural circles with which this substance has brought me into contact. On the scientific plane, this has involved colleagues-chemists, pharmacologists, physicians, and mycologists-whom I met at universities, congresses, lectures, or with whom I came into association through publication. In the literary-philosophical field there were contacts with writers. In the preceding chapters I have reported on the relationships of this type that were most significant for me. LSD also provided me with a variegated series of personal acquaintances from the drug scene and from hippie circles, which will briefly be described here.

Events W

The panel for this night featured Dr. Craig Jones, the National Director of the John Howard Society, Lynne Belle-Isle, a Programs Consultant with the Canadian Aids Society, Al Graham of MA and a contributing writer for Treating Yourself, as well as Gary Magwood, the coordinator of public and media relations for the Green Party of Canada PE-H federal riding. All of the panelists had different ideas and thoughts on the four pillars. Dr. Jones and Ms. Belle-Isle are two very well-respected people in their fields. Dr. Jones has done many research studies on cannabis and its effects. Ms. Belle-Isle researches in the medicinal field with regards to cannabis' effects with HIV and AIDS patients, and is instrumental in helping those people towards an improved quality of life, something all sick people reach for. A special thank you goes out to Mike, a friend of MA and the man behind the scenes getting this thing organized.

Basis for Opinions

However, it should not be written off as junk science, either. A much broader body of work exists in non-peer-reviewed material, and such articles often reflect the current state of the science as seen through the eyes of the writer, usually an expert in the field. But when participating in a trial, the expert is providing testimony that will be used to sway the outcome, it is imperative the information provided be scientifically sound.

Barbiturin Barbital

Bardorm Phenobarbital. Bardose Drug containing more than one active substance whereof one under international control Phenobarbital. Bareta Colloquial term for marijuana. Baretta Colloquial term for heroin (stamped in two colors). Barfen Phenobarbital. Barfing Colloquial term for vomiting after too great an alcohol consumption drunk. Barfly 1. Colloquial term for person who spends much time in public drinking places. 2. Film released in 1987. Director Barbet Schroeder. Charles Bukowski, wrote the short stories upon which the Barfly was based. The film concentrates on alcoholic writer Mickey Rourke (the Bukowski alter ego) who carries on a hate-hate relationship with bartender Frank Stallone. Rourke makes the acquaintance of another of society's castaways, Faye Dunaway, who in addition to being a souse is said to be crazy. They move in together, even though Dunaway all but promises to be unfaithful for the price of a drink. Rourke has a chance to clean up his...

Buger sugar

Bui Psidium guajava. Buio Betel pepper. BUJU Colloquial term for heroin. Bukowski, Charles (1920-1994), American poet, short-story writer, and novelist that became cult hero in the beat tradition in the early 1970s. Bukowski's voluminous works-unconventional, unrevised, uneven-powerfully evince a negative world view in their depiction of the Los Angeles low life from which he seemed to draw creative strength. He wrote about alcohol, drugs aging and his vagabonding life, He was an anarchistic outsider who described USA's obsession with drugs, sex and violence. probed into the life of the inner city and the inner self and described what he found there in uncompromising, often crude, language. A cult figure, first in Europe and, after the success of his screenplay for the motion picture Barfly (1987), in the US. as well, Bukowski parlayed his life of hard drinking and womanizing into a literary genre. Born in the German Rhineland of a US. occupation soldier and his...

Phase One Chems

Isosafrole Safrole

In this dream the book writer's chapter began like this - It took 800 g saf, 44 g PdCI2, 240 g CuCI2, 3500 mis DMF + 500 mis H20, stirred in 02 atmosphere with balloon for 96 hours in a 3-neck 12 liter flask yield was 69-71 , (distilled, did bisulfite and then redistilled the oil from the bisulfite procedure) Note better lab techniques would get better yield. Materials lost in washing and filtration, purification distilling, etc This chapter followed the book's (TS) outline, but a few simple variations were applied. To eliminate the nasty emulsion from the sodium bicarbonate wash they washed the initial solvent extracts (right after acidification) 3x with H2OL Used DCM as extract solvent. Removed a good deal of CuCI2+ some PdCI2 with those H20 washes. Note, don't know if

Acorus calamus

Acorus calamus has been used as a hallucinogen since ancient times and it has several uses in folk medicine. It may have been one of the constituents of the Holy Oil that God commanded Moses to make (Exodus 30) and is mentioned by ancient writers on medicine, such as Hippocrates, Theophrastus, Dioscorides, and Celsus Walt Whitman's 39 Calamus poems'' are to be found in his well-known collection Leaves of Grass.''

Timothy Leary

One of the most famous users and advocates of hallucinogens was a man named Timothy Leary. Leary was a clinical psychologist at Harvard University who happened upon an article published in Life magazine in 1957 describing the psychological and mind-altering effects of magic mushrooms. Leary was so intrigued by this article that he tried some of these mushrooms himself, and found it to be a life-altering experience. He felt as if hallucinogenic drugs were a good way to free one's psyche, learn more about one's self, and obtain a better understanding of life and the universe. Leary went on to found the Harvard Psychedelic Drug Research Program, where he gave hallucinogenic mushrooms to many graduate students and his fellow colleagues at Harvard, as well as some well-known artists, writers, and musicians. Leary also began to experiment with LSD. His work became increasingly controversial, though, because of academic and government policies opposing drug use, and Leary was dismissed from...

Hueipatl Kieli

Huxley, Aldous (1894-1963) British writer. His best-known work, Brave New World (1932), paints a grim picture of a scientifically organized utopia with many references to drugs. He viewed himself as a prophet of hallucinogens and saw these drugs as way to transcendental inner travels, In his book The Doors of Perception (1954) he described how mescaline breaks down the reduction wall of the brain. The book had great influence on the psychedelic culture in the 1960s. The rock group The Doors name refers to the book title. In Heaven and Hell (1956) Huxley describes his drug experiences. Huzur Turkish colloquial term for LSD. Huantac Brugmansia arborea. Huanto Brugmansia arborea. Huantuc Brugmansia arborea. Hy-Phen Hydrocodone bitartrate. Hy-bel Phenobarbital. Hy-sed Phenobarbital. Hy-tab Phenobarbital. Hyaphen Phenobarbital. Hyatal Phenobarbital. Hyatari Colloquial term for peyote. Hybar Phenobarbital. Hybephen Phenobarbital. Hybephen-LA Phenobarbital. Hycodan Hydrocodone bitartrate....

Chapter Five

Influenced, like many young writers, by the Beats of the 1950s, Kesey had planned to write a novel on them, set in their San Francisco home of North Beach, not far from Stanford. He began writing while working as an aide on the night shift in Menlo Park's psychiatric wards. Locked in with the sleeping patients, Kesey's creative juices bubbled with LSD and peyote and the theme of the novel changed.

Code Race

4.- The next section will be entitled INDEXING SECTION. in capital letters and underlined. List the names and identifying data of all individuals to be indexed, numbering each consecutively. Do not continue the sequential numbering from the previous sections. For ease of retrieval it is suggested that when a DEA-6 exceeds ten pages, or has more than eight names to index, that the report writer enumerate in the indexing section those paragraphs in which that individual is mentioned i.e., SMITH, JOE NADDIS 246810 (other information if any) para 2,7,11,12.

Beyond Evaluations

The doctor called me into his office, and closed the door, his total focus was on me and my physical condition. He asked me questions and listened patiently as I explained the impact of frequent and severe headaches, resulting from an auto accident over 15 years ago. The headaches have a large impact upon my life as a writer and editor. Of course prescription and over-the-counter drugs work and take the pain away for 4-5 hours at a time. I can work pain free using those drugs. The drawback is the long-term side effects. I have had a single headache last for 3-weeks and required medicating every 4 hours around the clock. The doctor asked me if cannabis helped. Of course it does, which is why I wanted the recommendation. I currently use ointment applied directly to the base of the neck and I find that cannabis tea can soothe and clam a headache in the earliest stages and prevent it from developing.


Technical Writer Treating Yourself wishes to remind readers to be aware that the sale, possession and transport of viable cannabis seeds is illegal in many countries, particularly in the USA. We do not wish to induce anyone to act in conflict with the law. We do not promote the germination and growth of these seeds where prohibited by law. Treating Yourself assumes no responsibility for any claims or representations contained in this publication or in any advertisement. All material is for entertainment and educational purposes only Treating Yourself does not encourage the illegal use of any of the products or advertisements within. All opinions are those of the writer and do not necessarily reflect those of Treating Yourself. Nothing in this publication may be reproduced in any manner, either in whole or in part without the expressed written consent of the publisher. All rights reserved. All advertised products and offers void where prohibited. Occasionally we may use material we...

Psychosis or Gnosis

Therapeutic studies in the 1950S opened up new areas of investigation for a growing number of young psychiatrists. A particularly promising avenue of inquiry involved using LSD as a tool to explore the creative attributes of the mind. Dr. Oscar Janiger (the first person in the US to conduct a clinical investigation of DMT, or dimethyltryptamine, an extremely powerful short-acting psychedelic) noted that many of his patients reported vivid aesthetic perceptions frequently leading to a greater appreciation of the arts. One of his subjects claimed that a single acid trip was equal to four years in art school and urged Janiger to give the drug to other artists. This led to an experiment in which one hundred painters drew pictures before, during, and after an LSD experience. Everyone who participated considered their post-LSD creations personally more meaningful. Impressed by these results, Janiger proceeded to administer the psychedelic to various writers, actors, musicians, and...

Hypertextual Forays

The writers of Cyberia underwent a similar evolution. The literary culture of Cyberia began as a dark, negative worldview but later developed into a multimedia celebration of timelessness and designer reality. Today, the literature of Cyberia - like its music - has become personified by cyberians themselves, who adopt into their own lives the ethos of a fictional designer reality. Cyberpunk proper was born out of a pessimistic view similar to that of William Burroughs. The people, stories, and milieu of William Gibson's books are generally credited with spawning an entirely new aesthetic in the science fiction novel, and cross-pollinating with films like Bladerun-ner, Max Headroom, and Batman. Taking its cue from comic books, skateboard magazines, and video games more than from the lineage of great sci-fi writers like Asimov and Bradbury, cyberpunk literature is a gritty portrait of a future world not too unlike our own, with computer hackers called 'cowboys', black market genetic...

The Building Blocks

Phenethylamine Pill

In addition, it soon became apparent that the experiences described by volunteers under deep psychedelic influences were strikingly similar to those of practitioners of traditional Eastern meditation. The overlap between consciousness alteration induced by psychedelic drugs and that induced by meditation attracted the attention of writers outside of academics, including the English novelist and religious philosopher Aldous Huxley. Huxley underwent his own remarkably positive mescaline and LSD experiences under the watchful eye of the Canadian psychiatrist Humphrey Osmond, who visited him in Los Angeles in the 1950s. Huxley soon wrote about his drug sessions and the musings they inspired in him. His writings on the nature and value of the psychedelic experience were compelling and eloquent, inspiring many individuals' attempts to attain, and researchers to elicit, spiritual enlightenment through psychedelic drugs. Despite that fact that his ideas stimulated a massive movement toward...

Food For Thought

Which easily transforms itself into an oppressive drive against other people's freedom, was also displayed, amongst others, by the 19th century French poet Baudelaire who eventually came to be vehemently opposed to the use of psychoactive substances. Like other 19th century poets and writers such as Byron, Shelley, Balzac, De Quincey, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge (who reputedly wrote Kubla Khan after an opium reverie), Baudelaire had once used 'trendy' psychoactive plant products like opium and cannabis for creative purposes. Yet he later came to utterly despise them, as if they were the root of all that is evil and misleading, no less than the most cunning of the Devil's tools for thwarting mankind from reaching God.

Publish or perish

It is widely assumed from early in the education of scientists that they don't have to be proficient, clear writers to succeed. The truth could not be any different. While there certainly are a lot of scientists who are as awkward with the English language as they are with the opposite sex, one of the most important tools that scientists can have is the ability to communicate what they have achieved and how they achieved it. The language of science around the world is English, and foreign researchers are well aware of it. What is remarkable is the fact that few graduate programs ever teach their students how to write a grant application or research paper.