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Kanamycin A is similar to streptomycin and neomycines and has a broad spectrum of antimicrobial action. It is active with respect to most Gram-positive as well as Gram-negative microorganisms (staphylococci, gastric bacilli, rabbit fever, Fridlender's bacillus, proteus, shigella, salmonella).

It is used for treating sepsis, meningitis, osteomyelitis, periotonitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, pyelocystitis, infected wounds, and post-operational purulent complications caused by microorganisms sensitive to the drug. Synonyms of this drug are karmycin, kamaxin, resistomycin, and many others.

Tobramycin: Tobramycin, 0-3-amino-3-deoxy-a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1^6)-O-[2,6-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-a-D-nboglucopyranosyl-(1^4)]-2-deoxy-D-streptamine (3.4.7), is isolated from a culture liquid of the vital activity of the actinomycete S. tenebrarius [263-270].

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