Cyclopentolate is an effective mydriatic and cycloplegic that begins to act very quickly and has a relatively short duration. It is used also in ophthalmoscopy for causing pre-operational mydriasis. Synonyms of this drug are mydrilate, cyclogyl, cyclomydril, pentolair, and others.
Tropicamide: Tropicamide, N-(4-piridinylmethyl)-N-ethyl-^-hydroxy-a-phenylpropi-onamide (14.1.41), is synthesized by reacting O-acetyltropyl chloride with ethyl (4-piridinylmethyl)amine and the subsequent acidic hydrolysis of the acetyl group in the resulting amide (14.1.40) .
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