The sedative hypnotic ethchlorvynol has approximately the same activity and toxicity as phenobarbital; however, its hypnotic effect develops and dissipates quicker. It is used much less than benzodiazepines in treating insomnia for a number of reasons. Synonyms for this drug are arvinol, nostal, placidyl, and others.
Ethinamate: Ethinamate, 1-ethynylcyclohexanone carbamate (4.3.4), is synthesized by the condensation of acetylene with cyclohexanone and the subsequent transformation of the resulting carbinol into carbamate by the subsequent reaction with phosgene, and later with ammonia [36,37].
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