Phenobarbital exhibits relaxant, soporific, and anticonvulsant activities. It is widely used in treating epilepsy, chorea, and spastic paralysis, and is used as a component of a large number of combined drugs, valocordin and corvalol in particular. The most common synonyms are luminal, fenemal, hypnotal, and several others.
Mephobarbital: Mephobarbital, 5-ethyl-1-methyl-5-phenylbarbituric acid (4.1.8), is synthesized according to one of the diagrams used for the phenobarbital synthesis, except one uses methylurea instead .
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