Bibliography

Attention Deficit Disorder A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment. New York The Guilford Press, 1990. -. Taking Charge of ADHD. New York The Guilford Press, 1995. Breggin, Peter R. Reclaiming Our Children. Cambridge, MA Perseus Books, 2000. -. Talking Back to Ritalin. Monroe, ME Common Courage Press, 1998. DeGrandpre, Richard. Ritalin Nation. New York W.W. Norton, 1999. Diller, Lawrence H. Running on Ritalin. A Physician Reflects on Children, Society, and Performance in a...

Methylphenidate Miracle Pill or Legal Speed

Methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin and Concerta ) is a stimulant drug prescribed to treat hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention in millions of American children. Methylphenidate was first synthesized in the mid-1940s in Europe. In the United States, it was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1955. The effects of methylphenidate in the human body are almost identical to those of the amphetamines. Amphetamines the collective name for levoamphetamine (Benzedrine),...

Trends in Ritalin

The trend in Ritalin use has changed dramatically during the last decade. The number of people diagnosed as having attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased from 900,000 in 1990 to about 5 million in 2000. At the same time, the number of prescriptions for Ritalin has increased from 3 million in 1991 to 11 million in 1998. In addition, the age and the type of individuals diagnosed as having ADHD has also changed. As late as the 1980s, ADHD was considered a childhood problem....

Ritalin Abuse

RITALIN, COCAINE, AND AMPHETAMINES SHARE THE SAME PATTERN Ritalin has been hailed by many parents and teachers as a miracle pill once described by its makers (Novartis, formerly Ciba-Geigy Pharmaceuticals) as a mild central nervous system stimulant and by the New York Times as a mild stimulant that is roughly equivalent to a jolt of strong coffee.24 These statements belie the fact that Ritalin has been known, since it was first marketed in the mid-1950s, to be a highly addictive drug subject to...

Question Of Cannot Versus Will

Increase Ritalin Usage

When, after years of struggling with their child's behavior, parents ask a doctor whether their child has ADHD, what they are really asking is whether there is a physiological reason for their child to behave the way he or she does. What they are asking is whether the child cannot behave or whether he or she will not behave. Tired of blaming themselves for what they see as their own failure, parents are often eager to embrace the idea that there is some malfunction in the child's brain that...

Ritalin And Insulin

No one would argue that some children are more energetic and active than others and that this makes them more difficult to teach and control. Only in the last few decades, however, have these traits and their consequent behaviors of hyperactivity, inattention, and or impulsivity been diagnosed as a medical condition and treated with Ritalin. Although many pediatricians believe that depriving a hyperactive child of Ritalin is similar to, say, depriving a diabetic of insulin, others find this...

Wonder Drugs Hold The Seed For Addiction

They energize people, allowing them to forget the need for sleep and food. They also increase accuracy and concentration and can make the user feel superhuman. More than a century ago, the great fictional detective Sherlock Holmes used cocaine to sharpen his mind. Not even he could escape without paying a price, however, and, over the course of four novels, the reader witnesses his fall into addiction. One quote is very appropriate. Holmes's partner, Watson, in The Sign...

Ritalin and the Human Brain

Templates For Chinese Umbrellas

ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER SYMPTOMS IN SEARCH OF A CAUSE The symptoms of inattention, distractibility and or hyperactivity that define attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) improve when treated with the stimulant drug Ritalin. For long-term success, however, the behaviors associated with these symptoms can also addressed with different techniques, some of which have been described in Chapter 2. These two different types of treatments point to two different causes for...