"Subjects s peat; of participating in anil merging with pure |ic, innteiit ii^v) energy, while tight; of witnessing 1 !>;■ breakdown of macroscopic Objects into vibratory patterns, visual nets, lise collapse oi external structure into wave patterns, the awareness that everything is a dunce of particles sensing the smitltncss and fragility of our system, visions of the void, of world-ending explo-sions, of the cyclical nature of creation anil dissolu tion
"... If (kid were to permit you a brief voyage into the Divine Process, let you whirl for a second into the atomic Iniuleus or spin you ont on a light-year trip tllrough the galaxies, how on earth would you describe what you saw when you got hack, breathless, (o your oiilce'? The metaphor may sound tar-fetched and irrelevant bill just ask someone who has taken LSD in a supportive setting."
'th' kctniiiil s ! \Ils Production and Interpretation." I'J63
Dr. Richsrd M'en "Bohr, Rom Doss" liolph Meizucr. Ph.D.
After Huxley's death in 1963 Lean' became the dominant personality in the emerging psychedelic eiilturc. I lis charismatic, exuberance and evangelical flair turned on many people, especially glass-smoking youth, At a millionaire's mansion in MiUbrook, New York, Leary and his colleagues mounted a prototype psychedelic commune modeled on Hesse's C a stall a and Huxley's last novel, Island. Like Humphry Davy's laughing gas institute in 1800. it luted creative artists, the cultural avaiit garde and Savants of the occult , and Eastern religion Leary and Alport
"If you claim the drug, LSD, is going to make a man a saint, a yogi, which needs months, years, a lifetime, you can better, more profitably, make a simpler drug, one that makes a man a doctor or a lawyer."
Peter Wineberg* editor of Inner Space
Peter Wineberg* editor of Inner Space
Hen Kesey penned "The Politics of Consciousness Expansion." a manifesto for the right to explore and change the human nervous system. The Psychedelic Experience* a guidebook for tripping, was modeled on the Tibetan Book of the Dead, in which the stages of the psychedelic experience were likened to the bardos the soul traverses between death and rebirth. Leary's- Psychedelic. Prayers, arranged for use during an LSD session, was modeled after the Chinese sage Lao-tse. The Psychedelic Review and Inner Space magazine were launched. Psychedelic art and psychedelic music began to flourish on the avant-garde fringe. Alan Watts wrote eloquently of the religions significance of psychedelics in The Joyous Cosmology, and Allen Ginsberg, leading Beat poet and marijuana activist, said that God had manifested in the form of a pill because He knew it took a material substance to remind America that He existed.
In college lectures and TV talk shows Leary compared the discovery of LSD to the invention of the microscope and mapped the levels of consciousness turned on by different drugs, from heroin (sleep or stupor) to LSD (molecular). His slogan "Turn t On, Tune In, Drop Out" freaked Middle America, especially when the media started reporting that young people were growing
long hair, living and loving communally, smoking grass, dropping acid and thumbing their noses at the nine-to-five rat race. After police raids led by G. Gordon Liddy closed down MiUbrook, Leary started a religion called the League for Spirilual Discovery, asking to be allowed the use of acid as a sacrament, as peyote had been allowed the Native American Church. To Playboy readers he described LSD as the greatest aphrodisiac In history. He produced ''psychedelic celebrations1' around the country while appealing a 3D-year bust for a few joints, for which charge he was eventually Imprisoned.
By 1965 one million people had dropped acid-only 50,000 or so legally. In the next three or four years, five to ten mi]lion more defied the law and turned on. Next to marijuana smoking, acid dropping was the most widely expressed form of psychochemical activity during the height of the psychedelic era. People who dropped acid fell mystically linked up with everyone else who dropped acid, and most people tried to turn, on everyone they liked. Psychedelic users migrated from middle-class and suburban neighborhoods to large cities (notably, San Francisco's Haight Ashbury and Manhattan's Lower East Side) and to rural settlements. A subculture developed, based upon tribal experience, a seeking out of brothers and sisters, a gathering and merging of individual energies, the creation of new lifestyles. The prototype drug user became the subject of one of the biggest media hypes in history: the Hippie, symbol of long hair, free sex and freaky drugs.
LSD was the fuel that powered the neurological, sociological, sexual and spirilual revolution for millions of young people in the West, and brought about a generational conflict, expressed in the usual historical form of political suppression, social upheaval and media co-option. By the time the psychedelic movement was deactivated, many of its features had already been Incorporated Into the mainstream of Ameiican life.
In the mid-Sixties, In an atmosphere of media-created hysteria, Congress began to hold hearings on this latest youth threat that included pot smoking, civil rights rioting and draft, card burning. The press hyped LSD murders, orgies and riots, and a few unscrupulous medical researchers announced that LSD caused people to go blind from, staring into the sun (an admitted hoax), and that pregnant women who used LSD could bear deformed babies (this was soon proven false: aspirin and coffee cause more chromosome damage than LSD). In 1966 Congress declared LSD and other psychedelic^ to be dangerous drugs, and made possession, manufacture and sale a misdemeanor (raised to a felony In 1968) under the
Drug Abuse Control Amendment Act.. Every state followed suit, and the FDA cancelled 75 of the 78 ongoing psychedelic, research projects.
Since LSD is easily synthesized and since ergotamine tartrate or ergonovine maleate were fainly obtainable as a base for preparations (lysergic add amides from morning-glory and baby Hawaiian wood-rose seeds could replace them when the ergot alkaloids were restricted), enterprising alchemists labored in makeshift _ underground labs or In college chemistry departments after hours to meet the demand for it. LTnlike traffickers in other drugs, LSD manufacturers and dealers often exhibited a spiritual temperament. . It was said that you could tell how pure the drug was by looking into the eyes of the person offering it. Acid was generally inexpensive (one or two dollars per dose) and a lot of times was given away free, sometimes for promotional reasons.
The pioneer acid-alchemist in the U.S. was Bernard Roseman, who was busted in the eanly Sixties under the importation law although he swore in court that he had made the drug himself after learning organic chemistry under its influence. The eaullest form of black market acid was sugar cubes impregnated with a solution of LSD (which readily dissolves in ethyl alcohol) applied with an eyedrop per, available on the street between 1963 and 1966. Due to haphazard application, this product varied in dosage but was generally full dose (250 micrograms). Sandoz LSD was around at the time and sometimes found its way onto sugar cubes.
The First brand-name, black market ackl to get around was Augustus Owsley Stanley Ill's White Lightning, Purple Haze and Blue Cheer. It was the best available between 1966 and 1968, and some say the best ever underground. It came in small, tablets of 250 to 400 micrograms. Some say it probably contained some amphetamine, which potentiates the effects of all psychedelics. It resulted in a speedy, electric trip, which produced a whirlwind of sensory effects, dissolved the ego and provided a strong peak. Owsley reputedly distributed millions of hits, much of it to the San Francisco Hippie scene-the Aval on and Fillmore ballrooms, be-ins and outdoor--rock concerts, acid tests and along Haight Street-contributing to a renaissance in music, graphic arts, fashion and lifestyle that San Francisco exported to other parts of America and somewhat to Western . Europe.
Between While Llghlning and the nexl major brand, Sunshine, ihere was an array of potenl LSD tablets and capsules In circulation, often with picturesque names: Chocolate Chip, Flying A,
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