Tlvt? world was transformed. Everything became bright. . I moved very fast.. Not my body but mv eye spirit ... J saw 1 I came down the trail to ihe village, There was much noise, the sound of people laughing. They were dancing kocho, the fertility dance. Everybody was laughing. Many of the women were pregnant . I was happy. 1 knew we would be well and have plenty to eat."
Psychoactive vegetation flourishes all over this planet-on jungle riverbanks, in deep woods and in deserts, on mountain slopes and along roads and highways, in places where people throw their garbage and where they tend their gardens and house plants. Empirical knowledge of the mind-altering uses of certain plants is ancient, vast, complex and still fragmentary. Seeds, leaves, stems, barks, fruits, flowers and roots are chewed, sucked, eaten, smoked, snorted, drunk and rubbed on the body, singly or tti combination. Natural substances and decoctions made from them are used as diagnostic and healing agents in folk medicine, as sacramental and catalytic agents in religious, magical or social rituals, for their nutritional value, for the gaining of supernatural powers and as a means of satisfying mankind's persistent craving for euphoria.
Psychoactive plants are the basis of Western medicine, and today still comprise the entire pharmacopoeias of primitive societies. The first record of the medicinal use of plants is a Sumertan herbal of 2200 B.C. Hippocrates listed some 200 herbs and other plants in common use as curative agents in the fifth century b.c. The first century a.d. herbal of Dioseor ides, which was the classical basis for the materia inedica of Europe through the Renaissance, increased the number to about 600.
During the Dark Ages, when superstition was rampant, herbal folklore was rich with tales of divine origins and magical attributes. This material found its way into the systematic compilations of the Middle Ages, which resulted in the first printed herbals in the late 1400s. According to the Doctrine of Signatures, for example, there existed a resemblance between the curative plant and the disease-e.g.. fevenvoit-or between the plant and the part of the body afflicted-e.g.. heartsease, Also widely accepted was the existence of astrological relationships between planets and parts of the body-e.gM Aries rules the head A sense of the "aliveness" of plants was highly developed, and people evolved elaborate rituals. Expendable dogs were used to uproot the shrieking mandrake. Men and women practiced Tan trie sex while engaged in preparing and brewing ingredients of soma. If the chicory plant were cut with a gold blade at noon and midnight on SL James" Day, without a word being spoken, then it could be used to render you invisible and lead you to buried treasure.
SIBEfllA powm typí el A.. by Ifllh ctTílury traveler*.
htOK rn AMtHitA Mildly halhicinojtflic 1 extra of A. Mmulla & psikjcybiwi mushrüomi found in forttti and cow jNKluflH.
ENGLAND Ou«d¿c rites. Htrbi*! Of Cer,»d b Culp«per. importan« of A. mu icaria m Altó in Wonderland.
¿3 Ea»l*jr. pointed hwtrsJi. Birthplace o1 Bibra, Hartwícb, Lfcwin.
SCANÜINAVIA Bwlnr'i uv! of A. rnuKAriSL
SWl rZERLAND Hometernl of alchemical w»Uid$ Pgiecelojs & A. Hofmann. Eigot culjivatksn at Sind«.
OLYMPIC PENINSULA tO ipton of taihiC*iogmpc mmiiroonis.
taritfst KVwtern dr\iQ piart fpecfiiHvU
H.ppocraw» & Oiotccwies Use of hjJ1urin09i>rtic pijwitj al Del pin OacH-g, tkirani*! My$t«fyr»tet
ALBCRTA swe« root chivad by Cr« Indium.
ASIA MINOfl Oaadfy Nigfc«*iad«M. Syrian Furkötfin mirtL
CHINA. JAPAN, KOREA Gm$«ng UM9d for 600Ö years
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