Dr Ayers Cherry Pectoral

Your cough ceases* your cold disappears, your throat is strengthened, your lungs healed, and the danger from pneumonia slips by.

If your fungi are «ore with a tight foaling in the chest, apply one of

Ayeres Cherry Pectoral Plasters

H dmn oat taflammatioe and quirti pain.

"Ájm'w-OmrTj Peotorsl VM a flTOrtt« medicine te mj fitur*! borne ant the lun» ot my iniulfKlw. a pany of BíMltmfcD wer» <í1ío>m»ídx th* min oonffh bciMuí, and lt ■■ ipmiI 5t «n pretest that Ayeri Ch«n7 nccóril was tbe Ofiif one tiut woiud ebaox ato ibtolit^ can an aeffr*rai»d OOveb-JÚlj % IOS. c. E. GII.8EST.

"Luán añorare ta a oold rain ntultod I» » Mreie cald wbicb proa-

trated me. i wu udable tq_«pe»k alood and had a bsd cough. i iwd oo martW-lnf axcattt Dr. At«t*iChany Pactorat,andInte»Uiu>«TMk'itima t wa»OMnpStüy oun¿* CALVIN TOBÍAS,

0®K[PDaDKI[EB

Easy, Painless, Permanent Home Cure.

We will send anyone addicted to MORPHINE, OPIUM, LAUDANUM, or ether DRUG HABIT, a trial treatment. FREE OF CHARGE, of the most remarkable remedy for tins i>tirpose ei'er discovered. Containing (he GREAT VITAL 'R[NCIP1.F. lacking in all other remedies. Confidential correspondence invited Irom all. especially PHYSICIANS.

ST. JAMES SOOKTV. irgi BROADWAY, N.V. CITV.

HABIT cored teWuyut suffering, at a private home.

No pay unless cored. Indorsed by Physicians. Can refer to patients cured, vr. No. SB Cleremoot Park. Boston. Hue.

Examples of nineteentb-cenlury odvertfs/ng o/ "cures" for addicts:

Dr. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral contained heroin, and Mrs.

Wins low's Soothing Syrup contained a groin of morphine per ounce.

"Laudanums fiom lOudate, '10 praise', this drug being one of the most praiseworthy."

Dr. William Colicu

(1710-1790)

Which isn't to say the opium habit . was considered nice. On the contrary, it was regarded as a weakness on the order of gambling and oilier minor vices, as something not quite respectable and better left, unmentioned in polite circles, "Rut people weren't thrown into jail because they had a taste for opium, they weren't fired from then jobs and they weren't ostracized by the community,.

In the medical literature and the popular press, regular users were called "opium eaters," but they didn't in fact eiil opium in the usual sense of the word, they drank it in laudanum and other liquid concoctions. Not even Thomas De Quincey, author of the classic Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, ate opium. He drank it like everyone else did. Opium smoking was practiced almost exclusively by Chinese immigrants. The handful of whites who were attracted by this exotic variation visited the opium parlors of the local Chinatown and were judged, by the white community to have disgraced themselves. Not only was smoking the stuff, regarded as a filthy luibit. btit sharing space and pleasure with the yellow race was seen, as a clear signal that you had thrown all decency out the window.

The Chinese smoked opium in this country in relative peace for some 25 years. Then in 1875 a great economic depression hit the land, acid the Chinese were transformed into cheap surplus labor. In the eyes of the American labor movement many of whose members had also become cheap surplus labor but not as cheap as the Chinese-their foreign competitors presented a clear and present danger to the American way of life. Stories suddenly appeared in the newspapers detailing the exploits of the "insidious yellow dope fiends." 'flic "Chinese vice," claimed the press, was the force behind the "white-slave" traffic. Diabolical armies of" embryo Fu Manchus enticed young white women into opium dens, seduced them with the "deadly drug," then sold them to brothel keepers.

All these stories were created essentially from whole cloth. A few prostitutes told reporters they had gotten into the business after they had taken up opium smoking, a few others told sad stories of being "tricked" into the trade and imagination supplied the rest.. However they came about, the white-slave traffic myths led to America's first aiiti narcotics laws. San Francisco passed an ordinance against opium smoking in 1875, and by

HOW OPIUM UNDERMINED SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE "What crime is there scaiely which has not been indiided in or followed from the one guilt, of taking opium? Not to speak of ingratitude to my maker for the wasted Talents; of ingratitude to so many friends who have loved me I know not why; of barbarous neglect of my family 1 have in this one dirty business of Laudanum a hundred limes deceived, tricked, nay, actually and consciously LIED. And yet all these vices are so opposite to my nature, that but for this free-agency-annihilating Poison, I verily believe that ¡should have suffered myself to he cut in pieces rather than have committed anyone of them."

"Opium is very cheap considering you don't feel like eating for the next six days."

Taylor Mead

"In 1915. the year the Harrison Act went into effect, an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association declared opium to be the indispensable drug in the pharmacopoeia."

Lester Gri ri spoon and James B. Bakalar Cocaine, 1976

1914 27 states had outlawed the sale of opium prepared for smoking. (The laws did little to curtail the smoking of opium. Five years prior to the first prohibition some 21,COG pounds of prepared opium were unpolled into the United States; 20 years later in excess of 64,000 pounds came in.) None of these prohibitions affected the use of opium by the general population. They were all directed against opium prepared for smoking and specifically exempted the opium used in patent medicines, laudanum and other "medicinal" preparations.

The opium used by the medical profession and the general public had a higher morphine content than that used for prepared opium. The former ran between nine and ten-percent morphine, the latter under nine percent. . Moreover, opium smoking is far less likely to lead to dependency problems than the oral route. Only about ten percent of the morphine content is released in the vapor, and even supposing all this entered the bloodstream, one would have to smoke about eight grams of opium to get the equivalent of a typical one-third grain of heroin street bag. According to nineteenth-century estimates, heavy opium smokers consumed about six and a half pounds a year, or approximately eight grams a day. Put another way, their actual consumption of the effective elements of opium was very moderate.

At any rate, opiate addiction didn't become a public issue until after morphine. and especially injected morphine, became the medical opiate of choice during the mid-1860s.

MORPHINE I rom the earliest times it was known that some plants made people feel good, others made them feel bad and still others could be fatal. N-oone knew what it was in them that caused these various reactions, and for a very long time no one asked. It was enough to know which did which. Then, during the rise of science in seventeenth-century Europe, this simple pragmatic attitude began changing. The new scientists wanted to know just what it was in these plants that affected people. What, they asked, was the active principle of opium, of coffee? Hie apparent answer-"apparent" because no single constituent of natural drugs is responsible for their total effects, but rather a combination of several-came in 1803 when a young German pharmacist, F, W. Serturner, isolated morphine from opium. Morphine is the chief alkaloid-the name which later replaced the term "active principle"-of opium; and alkaloids arc basic organic substances containing carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and usually oxygen which generally have pronounced effects on animal organisms. Caffeine, nicotine and mescaline ate a few other wel l-krtow n al k t iloids.

Arawak Images
interior of an opium d<m

Serturner's feat was hailed as a major scientific breakthrough and a blessing to the medical

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  • ROMAN
    What is the morphine content of ayer's cherry pectoral?
    3 months ago

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