[ Site of S*mbi Labi. Hofmarwi's dnßwY Of LSD (19431. hn lyntheus o* púlocybin (1968), and hk isolation of active prbwpte in mommo ghyy


SPRlNU tiHDVEL. MO. Only kgal psychedelic» research after 1963.

OKLAHOMA. Schult«: fil Leñare hye with peyote-eating Kkiwaj, 1 930" s.

ALTAMONT. CA. Rock Conceit that c the decade.

FRANCE Mo« recent outbreak of ergotism

BERKELEV. LSD-on-cftirtHit syndrome : eleflraph Avenue psychedelic* deal) KtiH. Ptychedelic Venuj Church.

MEXICO CI TV. mu lb roorm imb**d by populace reflation ot Montezuma 11, 1502-

CUERNAVACA. .Site of Leary'* first psydw with muihroomi, 19

MENLO PARKJPALO ALTO, Major center oí ptycbetHHicï research. 196fi~63. Inttr national Federation oí Advanced Stud»«. Home ol Kewy A Mer rf Pranfciten. Home of ftdfffl Oüm, 1073-pr*«*rtt.

MEXICO. H^ajtSa et« Jimtnei. 0a**ca. The WttSOrra OlnerVt Mnú partir îpjttR in M<*id Sabina'i uasd mushroom rite, 1953-55; HoIjojut bring! hit pulo cybki lynthecic to 1962-

UPPER AMAZON Burroughs ft Ginstw«? taks yagö. 1953.


Cflfite? of psychedelic culture. K pviid-1950'i. Experiments of Hu*ley t & Hoflywood cefebritito. PiycJieddic fc BKploiutkHi li^TTK Tht Trip, "Skidoo; K Vrnident1« Analytt". Griffith Part; K beim, late 1960s. E

LAGUNA BEACH-HO of Brotherhood of Èttrfnt LOrt, _1966-72.


"The psychedelics are ihe strongest tools ever dieamed of for man's be tier merit."

Dr. Duncan Bleweit Maoieoas, 1967

psychotomimelic theory (i.e., temporary drug-induced model of psychotic behavior) toward the hallucinogenic concept (productive of allered states of consciousness).

In ihe next few years there was increasing experimentation with non psychotic subjects, demonstrating the remarkable therapeutic potential of psychedelic^ Huxley published The Doors of Perception, neaiiy losing his reputation but reaching a wide audience of intellectuals with his brilliant, positive account of mescaline's powers. Popular interest grew with LSD-user Cary Grantts interview in Look. And Life gave extensive coverage to Wasson's Psilocybe mushroom adventure. Original members of the Beat Generation, society's outsiders, began mati-ordering peyote buttons at eight dollars per hundred from a cactus supply house in Laredo. Acid's discoverer, Dr. Albert Hofmann, produced the first synthetic psilocybin from Mexican mushrooms in his Swiss laboratory.

It was in this psychically energized climate underlying the conformist, gray-flannel FifUes that Osmond adde^ the word psychedelic _ to the vocabulary of millions. "For the reason that the term is uncomaminaied with other associations," he told an assembly of his colleagues in New York in 1957, I propose I hat ihe word psychedelic _ (i.e., mind-manifesting) be used to describe these substances.'1 Although the new term only gradually supplanted psychotomimetic among more consei-vative investigators, it nonetheless signaled an expanded scope and spirit of inquiry, which directed future medical research as well as popular usage.

It was already becoming known that psychedelic, substances had profoundly re-visioned the lives of countless numbers before recorded history. But few could begin to guess the shattering impact they would have upon the electronic generation of rock-and-roll rebels that came of age in the Sixties. Millions of young psychedelics users lived out a phaniasmagorial cultural revolution that became a frightening hallucination for many outsiders. These modem forms of ancient mind drugs strongly contributed to a mutational transformalion of society-acid, tests and be-ins, black light and strobes, hippies, long hair and love beads, Mr. Natural gurus and dayglo, psychedelia information centers and communes» street dealing and sexual freedom, White Lightning, Blue Cheer, and Sunshine, bliss consciousness and freak-outs, media hype, legal suppression, Provos, Diggers and Yippies, Millbrook, Woodstock and Haighi-Ashbury* Sergeant Pepper and I Ching, "Feed Your Head," "Do Your Thing," "Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out" and that all-purpose expletive, "psych-a-delici"

Whatever else it was, it was a prelude to the Seventies, which has seen the furor of the psychedelic, movement wind down, while the song-from the Rig Veda of 1200 b.c, to "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" in 1967-remains the same. Though the drugs are still illegal, the exploration of Inner Space via psychedelics goes on, albeit somewhat closer to the mainstream of our present-day culture, which has elevated all legal forms of consciousness-raising to the status of a national industry and pastime.

LSD LSD-25 (d-lysergic acid diethylamide, or just plain "acid1'), the "psychedelic, baby that reached puberty" in the late Sixties, is now going on middle age. What a decade ago was the child prodigy of the psychedelic, family has become a less sensational and more responsibly used agent of change, with far different and more recreational uses than either the CIA or the psychiatric establishment had envisioned.

For a variety of reasons LSD stands out as (in the words of its discoverer) f,the prototype psychedelic" It has the highest and most specific effect; all other psychedelic drugs are measured against its The past 30 years have witnessed the discovery and rediscovery of more psychoactive drugs than any similar period in history, but it is

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