Some people live in a therapeutic community that focuses on helping them to manage their psychological problems in the hope that they will be able to function more effectively when they return to the community. For example, if you have schizophrenia, you may find it helpful to live in an environment with staff who help you with your day-to-day life because the intense disorganization of your thinking may impair your ability to do so. You may move on from residential housing after a few months or a year or two, although some people require residential treatment for extended times. If you are struggling to overcome addiction to alcohol or drugs, you may need residential treatment beyond the one- to four-week period generally needed for detoxification. Stays range from months to years. During this time you can use the structure of the residential setting to help you maintain abstinence, learn your warning signs for when you are vulnerable to drinking or using drugs again, and learn other ways of coping with your difficulties besides using drugs.
Teenagers, and sometimes even younger children, go to residential facilities when their behavior becomes unsafe and their caregivers are not able to help them maintain their safety. Residential living for behaviorally disordered children and adolescents generally focuses on teaching effective ways of managing their emotions before they act out in dangerous ways, helping them further their education, and teaching them skills that will enable them to return to home as soon as possible.
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Detoxification is something that is very important to the body, but it is something that isn't understood well. Centuries ago, health masters in the East understood the importance of balancing and detoxifying the body. It's something that Western medicine is only beginning to understand.