W. T. Stace in Mysticism and Philosophy has surveyed the mystical literature to make his case for the universal-
e ity of the basic phenomena of mystical experience. He ha3 given examples from the writings of those who have personally experienced mystical states of consciousness to support what he calls the universal core of mystical experience. He has distinguished between introvertive and extrovertive types which both "culminate in perception of, and union with, a Unity or One though this end is reached through different means in the two cases He has listed seven characteristics of each type but five of the seven are the same. These five common elements are:
(1) Sense of objectivity or reality, (comparable to James' noetic quality which leads to certainty of the objective reality of what is learned in the experience).
(2) Feelings of blessedness, joy, peace, happiness, satisfaction, etc.
(3) Feeling that what is apprehended is holy, divine, and sacred.
(4) Paradoxical ity.
(5) Alleged by mystics to be ineffable.23
The introvertive type as the name suggests is
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