Us Drug Use Stats

+ In 2002, an estimated 19.5 million Americans, or 8.3 percent of the population aged 12 or older, were current illicit drug users. Current drug use means use of an illicit drug during the month prior to the survey interview. + Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug. 14.6 million people used marijuana at least once per month in 2002. + In 2002, an estimated 2 million persons (0.9 percent of the US adult population) were current cocaine users, 567, 000 of whom used crack. + In 2002...

Prisoners Parolees and Probationers

Today, of the two million prisoners in the United States, roughly one quarter are serving time for drug convictions.75 The US Supreme Court has held that convicted prisoners do not forfeit all constitutional protections by reason of their conviction and confinement in prison.76 However, because rehabilitation is one of the traditional purposes of criminal punishment, it is easy to see how pharmacotherapy medicines, which are characterized as treating drug addiction, could find their way into...

A Target Nicotine

At last count 71.5 million people in the United States use some type of tobacco product.24 The effects of nicotine on the brain are complex, but it is well established that the drug stimulates the production of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that produces feelings of pleasure and euphoria. Cigarette smokers enjoy the pleasurable effects of this legal dopamine surge. An increasing number of nicotine users, however, are becoming concerned about the associated health problems each year two out of...

Meet The Neurocops

Acamprosate (calcium acetyl homotaurinate) Lipha S.A Approved in Europe to reduce alcohol craving. Receptor blocker Manufactured by PLIVA , Inc. and distributed by Odyssey Pharmaceuticals, Inc. FDA approved alcohol treatment. Also being tested as a cocaine treatment. Metabolism Modifier Buprenorphine Depot (injectable, extended release Receptor blocker (partial opioid agonist) Phase II study completed for treatment of cocaine dependance. Receptor blocker (dopamine agonist) Methadone Distributed...