What are Peyote and Mescaline

Peyote Found Texas

Dry whiskey, divine cactus, divine herb, medicine of God, flesh of God, devil's root, diabolical root, Indian dope, dumpling cactus, turnip cactus, cactus pudding, white mule, moon, P, challote, the bad seed, tuna de tierra (Spanish for earth cactus). These are some of the nicknames given to the peyote cactus (scientific name Lophophora williamsii), a spineless cactus plant that grows in desert regions of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The peyote cactus is often...

Longterm Psychological Effects

Repeated use of many psychoactive drugs is thought to cause damage to nerve cells in the brain, resulting in specific psychological or cognitive impairments for example, repeated use of ecstasy, marijuana, or LSD has been linked to memory loss, emotional problems, and impulsivity. Since Native Americans take peyote many times a year, and often begin taking peyote during childhood as part of religious ceremonies, it raises the question of whether long-term use of this substance leads to any...

Mescaline Lsd And Psilocybin Birds Of A Feather

Difference Between Lsd And Mushrooms

Three of the most common hallucinogenic drugs used today are mescaline, LSD, and psilocybin. Some people insist that these three drugs produce the same psychological effects, and even some experienced users cannot tell the effects of each drug apart. Others, however, believe that the effects produced by psilocybin, LSD, or mescaline are unique. Several key pharmacological differences between these drugs are outlined in the table below the cerebral cortex. This region, which constitutes the bulk...

How Hallucinogens Work In The Brain

In the brain, neurons (nerve cells) carry electrical signals along wire-like nerve fibers called axons. At the end of each axon is a mushroom-shaped nerve ending called a synaptic terminal. Figure 1.3 Data from the year 2001 showing the percentage of youths ages 12-17 who have tried a hallucinogen in their lifetime. Source SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003 Axons can range from less than one millimeter to up to several centimeters in length....

Can Peyote Treat Alcoholism

Alcoholism affects all races and cultures, but it is particularly prevalent among Native American tribes. Some believe this to be a result of genetic factors others blame it on the introduction of alcohol to Native Americans by European settlers while still others blame it on the nature of Native American culture. Regardless of the cause, alcoholism is a serious health risk to any individual, as it can lead to liver problems and certain types of cancers, malnutrition, brain damage, and even...

The Chemical Structure Of Mescaline

Mescaline is the key hallucinogenic substance found in peyote and several other psychedelic plants, including the Trichocereus family of cacti. Mescaline belongs to a class of chemicals called phenethy-lamines. Ecstasy (MDMA) is another drug that belongs to this class. The chemical name of mescaline is 3,4,5-trimethoxy-beta-phenethylamine, and its chemical structure resembles that of other illegal drugs such as amphetamine as well as the brain's own neuro-transmitters epinephrine (adrenaline)...

Current Legal Status Of Peyote And Mescaline

The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 also called the Controlled Substances Act made peyote and mescaline illegal by classifying them as Schedule I controlled substances. Schedule I substances are deemed to have no medical value see Appendix 1 for further description of controlled substance classifications . This law, however, made the NAC exempt from its restrictions, allowing the use of peyote and mescaline for religious purposes. Specifically, the law allowed use of...

Timothy Leary

One of the most famous users and advocates of hallucinogens was a man named Timothy Leary. Leary was a clinical psychologist at Harvard University who happened upon an article published in Life magazine in 1957 describing the psychological and mind-altering effects of magic mushrooms. Leary was so intrigued by this article that he tried some of these mushrooms himself, and found it to be a life-altering experience. He felt as if hallucinogenic drugs were a good way to free one's psyche, learn...

Duration And Physical Effects Of Mescaline

Mescaline Psychedelic

Depending on the amount taken, mescaline's psychedelic effects can last up to 12 hours, and they usually don't start until a few hours after ingestion of the peyote buttons. This is because mescaline has to be absorbed through the lining of the stomach before it enters the bloodstream and then the brain. Other, more addictive drugs, such as cocaine or heroin, are smoked, snorted, or injected intravenously, allowing them to reach the bloodstream much more quickly . Factors such as the presence...

History of Peyote and Mescaline Use Ancient and Modern

Native American Descent

ANCIENT HISTORY OF PEYOTE AND MESCALINE USE Only sparse details are known about the use of peyote and mescaline prior to the beginning of written history. Since peyote is grown mostly in what is now Mexico and the southwestern United States, it is believed that it was used primarily by local inhabitants of these regions for thousands of years before being introduced to people who lived elsewhere. Archaeological evidence suggests that the peyote cactus has been around for at least 10,000 years....