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Then black-market mescaline began to appear. However, since the drug commands a higher price than LSD, many dealers sold LSD as mescaline. Real mescaline comes as long, needlelike white crystals half a gram is the usual dose. The pure drug may cause initial nausea, though not as frequently as peyote. Its effects last up to twelve hours and generally resemble those of the whole cactus. STP is a synthetic drug closely resembling mescaline in its chemical structure....

Major Tranquilizers Thorazine and Relatives

Major tranquilizers revolutionized psychiatry when they were first introduced in the early 1950s. They provided a new and easy way to manage schizophrenia and other severe mental diseases, making patients calm and emotionally quiet. In some cases the major tranquilizers have enabled psychotic persons to lead reasonably normal lives and function outside hospitals. More often, they make them more manageable and docile rather than less crazy. We don't want to *put Mother in a home, When disturbed...

Anabolic Steroids

Male sex hormones are also called anabolic steroids because they stimulate anabolism, the building-up phase of metabolism. Under their influence, protein synthesis increases in bone, muscle, and skin, leading to increased bone density, muscle mass, and skin tone. These hormones are also androgens that is, they stimulate the development of male sex characteristics facial and body hair, male distribution of fat and muscle, deep voice, and so forth. (Female hormones estrogens and progesterone are...

L

If you agree with the ideas in these pages, you might ask the person to read this book as a basis for your initial discussions. If all of our warnings and cautions sound discouraging, it is because the treatment of drug abuse is discouraging. For that reason we stress prevention as the better course and come back to solid, truthful information about drugs as the single best measure. Suggested Reading lists follow most chapters, and we urge you to use them as a guide if you...

Coca and Cocaine

Cocaine Rubbing Mouth

Coca, a shrub native to the hot, humid valleys of the eastern slopes of the Andes, has been cultivated by the Indians of South America for thousands of years. Today the plant is legal in Peru and Bolivia, where millions of Indians still chew coca leaves every day as a stimulant and medicine. (Coca, by the way, is not related to cocoa.) Coca contains fourteen drugs, cocaine being the most important. The other drugs are present in smaller amounts and seem to modify the stimulating effect of the...

Amphetamines and Related Drugs

Amphetamines are synthetic stimulants that were invented in Germany in the 1930s. Their chemical structures resemble those of adrenaline and noradrenaline, the body's own stimulants. Their effects resemble those of cocaine but are much longer lasting. A single oral dose of amphetamine usually stimulates the body for at least four hours. Amphetamines are more toxic than cocaine and, when abused, cause worse problems. The body has a great capacity to metabolize and eliminate cocaine the liver can...

What Is a Drug

Most people would agree that heroin is a drug. It is a white powder that produces striking changes in the body and mind in tiny doses. But is sugar a drug Sugar is also a white powder that strongly affects the body, and some experts say it affects mental function and mood as well. Like heroin, it can be addicting. How about chocolate Most people think of it as a food or flavor, but it contains a chemical related to caffeine, is a stimulant, and can also be addicting. Is salt a drug Many people...

Lithium Lithane Lithonate

Lithium salts are a relatively new treatment for manic-depressive psychosis, a serious mental illness in which people swing back and forth between extremes of mood, from intense elation (mania) to intense depression. Lithium damps out these mood swings and is especially good at preventing manic episodes, although it is also used to treat depression. It has many side effects and can produce serious toxicity in the nervous system, heart, and kidneys. It has no effects on the mind that recommend...

Tobacco and Nicotine

Tobacco is one of the most powerful stimulant plants known, and nicotine its active principle is one of the most toxic of all drugs. An average cigar contains enough nicotine to kill several people. When tobacco is smoked, most of the nicotine is destroyed by the heat of burning. (To kill people with a cigar, you'd have to soak the cigar in water till it turned dark, then make people drink the liquid.) Nicotine is so strong and dangerous that the body very quickly develops tolerance to it to...

Now Revised And Updated

Ten years ago the original edition of From Chocolate to Morphine was recognized immediately as the definitive guide toHegal and illegal drugs. Now best-selling author Dr. Andrew Weil and coauthor Winifred Rosen have revised their popular book, providing essential information about the new drugs of the 1990s. Drugs remain pervasive, and parents and children alike need complete, unbiased information about how drugs affect the mind and the body. Neither condoning nor condemning drug use, the...

Antidepressants Elavil and Relatives

The word antidepressant sounds attractive. It suggests a drug that lifts mood and makes you feel good, something like a stimulant. The antidepressant drugs used in psychiatry today, however, do not give the good feelings of stimulants. Instead, they often cause sedation and a variety of uncomfortable physical effects. These drugs date from 1958, when the parent compound, imip-ramine (Tofranil), was invented. It is still in wide use today, along with a close relative, amitriptyline (Elavil), and...

Amanita Mushrooms Fly Agaric Amanita muscaria Panther Mushroom Amanita pantherina

Parts Amanita Muscaria

Amanitas are a family of large, beautiful mushrooms that grow in many parts of the world. Some of them are deadly, the most poisonous of all wild mushrooms. Some are edible and delicious. Two are neither deadly nor edible as food but are used as psychoactive drugs. Amanita muscaria, the fly agaric, is a big mushroom with white dots on a red or orange cap. Agaric is an old word for mushroom the name fly comes from an old practice of chopping this mushroom into a saucer of milk to attract and...

K0benhavn

Second is to teach people how to form good relationships with drugs so that if they choose to use drugs, they will continue to he users and never become abusers. The burden of this task will fall mainly upon parents and secondarily upon teachers it is not a process that can be mandated by law or accomplished by public policy. However, laws and public policies must not undermine the work of parents and teachers by perpetuating irrational ideas about drugs, ideas rooted m fear and prejudice.* The...

Bronchodilators

Bronchodilators are drugs that open the airways in the respiratory tract. They are widely prescribed as pills and aerosol inhalers to patients with asthma to relieve the wheezing and difficulty in breathing characteristic of that disease. Most of these drugs work by stimulating the sympathetic nervous system, which regulates the muscular walls of the bronchial tubes. As a result, in addition to their desired effect, they commonly cause stimulation, anxiety, jittenness, and insomnia. Patients...