Web Sites

CyberSober - Our Place http://www.cybersober.com

Our Place is an online prevention, education, and support resource for teenagers and their parents. The site offers times and locations, including maps, for adolescent 12-Step meetings and online teen meetings, as well as a teen chat and teen news.

DanceSafe

http://www.dancesafe.org

FRONTLINE: The Meth Epidemic http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/meth/

From PBS, a 2005 investigation into the meth epidemic from all angles: social, medical, legal, trends. Includes live footage, interviews, and colorful graphs.

Meth Resources http://www.methresources.gov

A comprehensive, one-stop shop that offers up-to-date information on methamphetamine, and resources for communities, students, businesses, activists, etc.

The Montana Meth Project http://www.montanameth.org

A nationally recognized, high-impact advertising campaign that graphically communicates the risks of meth use. It's for teens, by teens. Includes personal stories, facts about meth, and gritty photos.

National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information (NCADI) http://www.samhsa.gov

1-800-729-6686

Provides printed and online information about types of drugs and substance abuse. Toll-free number also provides referrals and information about treatment options.

Narcotics Anonymous http://www.na.org/index.htm

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) http://www.nida.nih.gov

Sobriety High

http://www.sobrietyweb.org/index.htm

The Oregonian Investigative Report: "Unnecessary Epidemic: A Five-Part Series" http://www.oregonlive.com/special/oregonian/meth/

A 2005 newspaper series that co-hosted the Frontline report. Features investigative journalism on meth and how it affects the community, the individual, and the country.

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)

http://www.samhsa.gov 1-800-662-HELP

Call this hotline for help locating treatment resources quickly.

US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) http://www.justthinktwice.com

An engaging and interactive Web site directed at teens. A section of the site is dedicated to meth, and includes graphic before-and-after pictures of meth addicts.

[ Further Reading_

Braswell, Sterling R. American Meth: A History of the Methamphetamine

Epidemic in America. Lincoln, Neb.: iUniverse, Inc., 2005. Moore, Patrick. Tweaked—A Crystal Meth Memoir. London: Kensington Books, 2006.

Wilshire, Bruce. Wild Hunger—The Primal Roots of Modern Addiction. Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999.

abuse, use vs., 88-89 acidity. See pH, of urine acupuncture, 94, 116 addiction, 14-15, 19-20,

50, 80-90 adolescents. See teenagers adrenaline, 44 AIDS. See HIV/AIDS Alles, Gordon, 13 Amezcua drug cartel, 104, 105

amphetamine, 12-15,

25-26 anhedonia, 57, 93, 116 anhydrous ammonia, 30 anorexia, 48-49, 84, 116 antidepressants, 93 appetite suppression, 44 Arizona, 16 Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program, 113-114 athletes, female, 68 attitudes, towards metham-

phetamine, 61-79 awareness, of methamphet-amine, 72-73

Benzedrine, 13 biker gangs, 17, 102 biker's coffee, 28 binging, 51-52 biorhythms, 43-44, 116 blood pressure, 53 body temperature, 58 brain cravings for metham-

phetamine, 57 damage, 55-57 methamphetamine's effect on, 43-52 bronchodilator, 26, 116 bupropion, 93 Bush, George W., 98

caffeine, 37 California, 16, 17, 104 Canada, 106-108, 113 carcinogens, 28, 54-55, 116

central nervous system,

37-38, 45-46 Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act of 1988, 102-104 chemical properties. See properties, of metham-phetamine China, 109

chronic methamphetamine psychosis, 60 Churchill, Winston, 14 clandestine methamphet-

amine industry, 16 cocaine, 48

cognitive behavior therapy,

96, 116 cold medications, 28, 102, 104-108. See also ephedrine; pseu-dophedrine; smurfing Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 1006, 109-110 Comprehensive

Methamphetamine Control Act (1996), 105-106 controlled substances, 100-101 Controlled Substances Act (1970), 15, 16, 101-103, 110

conventionality-unconven-

tionality scale, 76 "crank bugs," 52, 53 crashing, 50 cravings, 57, 81, 93-94 critical thinking, 23, 63 crystalline powder, 34, 35 crystal meth, 16, 17, 74-75 current user, 64

dangers. See hazards decision-making abilities, 53 dependency, 90-91 Desoxyn, 51

d-methamphetamine, 33, 34

Domestic Chemical

Diversion Control Act (1993), 105 dopamine, 45-48, 50, 57, 81

dosage, 39-40 Drug Court Program,

114-115 Drug Enforcement

Administration (DEA), 100, 105-106, 109 drug policy, U.S., 98-100 drug trade, illegal, 16-17 drug trafficking. See drug trade, illegal; smuggling eBay, 109

effects, of methamphet-amine use, 14, 49-50, 53-60

Emergency Department

(ED) visits, 68-69 environmental damage, from meth labs, 18 Ephedra, 11-13 ephedrine controls on, 104-106 discovery by biker meth cooks, 102 Domestic Chemical Diversion Control Act and, 105 first isolation of, 12 legal limits on purchases,

109, 110 legal manufacture of, 104 as precursor, 26 as Schedule V drug, 109 smurfing of, 30-32 supply to superlabs, 108 epidemic, of methamphet-amine use, 8, 18-22, 24, 61, 82-84 epinephrine, 44 euphoria, 38, 47, 116 excretion, of methamphet-

amine, 39 exports, of pseudophed-rine, 106-108

exposure, routes of, 35-39 extraction, 13

factories, for precursors,

26-27 family, as risk factor, 84 federal law, 112-113 female athletes, 68 fight-or-flight response, 44 first offense, 112, 113 flammable materials, 18, 28, 116 formication, 52, 116 friends, 94-95. See also peers generational forgetting, 73 Germany, In World War II, 14

glass. See crystal meth group therapy, 94, 95, 116

half-life, 39, 116 harm reduction, 89-90 hazardous waste, from meth labs, 18, 28 hazards. See also effects, of methamphetamine use of making methamphet-

amine, 18, 25-32, 54-55 perceived risks of meth-amphetamine use, 74-75

health effects, long term,

53-60 heart, 58-59 hepatitis, 37, 53 hippocampus, 57 history, of methamphet-

amine, 10-24, 101-103 Hitler, Adolf, 14 HIV/AIDS, 37, 53, 116 Hong Kong, 109 Hungry, Angry, Lonely, and

Tired (HALT), 96 hyperthermia, 58, 116

ice, 36, 40. See also crystal meth illegal drug trade, 16-17 immune function, 53 imprisonment. See incarceration incarceration, 114-116 inpatient treatment, 90 interventions, 91, 116 intravenous injection, 12, 36-38, 116

Japan, In World War II,

14-15

"Just Say No" campaign, 89 juvenile justice system, 113-114

ketosis, 51, 116

laboratories. See meth labs;

superlabs legal issues, 8, 30, 32, 75,

87-89, 97-115 legal methamphetamine,

15-16 libido, 13, 53, 117 lifetime use, 64, 65 "Listed Chemicals,"

102-103 lithium, 28

l-methamphetamine, 33, 34

locus coeruleus, 49 loopholes, legal, 104,

109-110 lungs, 60

Matrix Model, 91-92 media campaigns, 87 Methamphetamine Anti-Proliferation Act (2000), 106-107 Methedrine, 15 meth labs, 18, 107. See also superlabs meth mouth, 58 meth run, 51 Mexico anti-drug partnership with U.S., 110-111

bulk ephedrine purchases, 104 superlabs in, 16, 108, 109 superlabs in California, 17

molecular structure, 34 motivations, to use meth-amphetamine, 73-74 motorcycle gangs, 17, 102

narcolepsy, 13, 117 national average, 64 negative reinforcement,

85-86 nerve cell damage, 55 neurotransmitters, 45-47. See also dopamine; nor-epinephrine norepinephrine, 44, 48-49, 51

Oklahoma, 109

oral methamphetamine use, 38-39 origins, of methamphet-

amine, 11-13 outpatient treatment, 90

parental influence, 78-79 past-month use, 64, 6668

peers, 77-78, 84, 85, 94-95 penalties, for methamphet-

amine use, 112-113 perceived risks, 74-75 personality traits/problems leading to metham-phetamine use, 75-77 Pfizer, 111 pH, of urine, 39, 51 pharmaceutical industry,

104, 111-112 phenylephrine, 111 phosphine gas, 28 physical effects, short-term,

49-50 pills, 35

pleasure center, of brain,

renal excretion, 39

synthesis, of methamphet-

43-52

reuptake, 47

amine, 12

positive reinforcement,

risk factors, 84-85

synthetic drugs, 11, 117

85-86

risks. See hazards

teenagers

possession laws, 101, 112

rites of passage, 94

ineffectiveness of media

potency, 33, 117

rock, 34-35. See also crystal

campaigns aimed at, 87

powder. See crystalline

meth

and juvenile justice sys

powder

routes of exposure, 35-39

tem, 113-114

precursors, 26-27, 102-103,

rush, 36, 38, 117

trends and attitudes

113, 117. See also cold

towards methamphet-

medications; ephedrine;

saliva, 58

amine, 61-79

pseudophedrine

Schedule II drug, 101, 102

teeth, 58

prevention, of metham-

Schedule V drug, 109

Thompson, Paul, 57

phetamine use, 86-87

schizophrenia, 60, 117

tolerance, 19-20, 50-51, 81

price, of methamphet-

scholastic performance,

toxicity, of precursors, 28

amine, 40-42

77

treatment, of methamphet-

production of metham-

second offense, 112

amine addiction, 90-96

phetamine, 25-32. See

sex, dopamine and, 48

Treatment Episode Data

also meth labs; super-

short-term effects, 49-50

Set (TEDS), 82-83

labs

small-scale meth labs, 18,

trends, of methamphet-

properties, of metham-

40

amine use among teen-

phetamine, 33-42

smoking, of methamphet-

agers, 61-79

pseudoephedrine, 26, 102,

amine, 16, 36-38, 57,

tweaking, 51-52

104,105, 108-112

60. See also crystal meth

psychological effects, 50,

smuggling, 99-100

urination, 39

60. See also brain,

smurfing, 30-32

use, of methamphetamine.

methamphetamine's

snorting, 38-39

See epidemic, of meth-

effect on

sober/sobriety, 117

amphetamine use

psychosis, 11, 60, 117

Sobriety High (charter

P2P (phenyl-2-propanone),

school), 95-96

volatile materials, 18, 28,

102

social functioning, 55

117

purity, 40-42

social norms, 75

Volkow, Nora, 56

sources for research, reli-

quotas, 111, 117

ability of, 23, 63

warning signs, of metham-

speedball, 28

phetamine use, 72

railing, 38, 117

"speed freaks," 15-16

"War on Drugs," 114

raves, 19, 73

"speed kills" message, 73

weight loss, desire for, 84

Rawson, Richard, 48

state laws, 109, 112

wholesalers, of pseu-

Reagan, Ronald and

stimulant, 11, 25, 117

dophedrine, 106

administration, 89, 114

Sudafed, 102, 111

wilderness-survival pro-

reasons, for methamphet-

superlabs, 16, 26-27, 29,

grams, 94

amine use, 72-79

40, 104, 108

withdrawal, from meth-

receptors, 45-49

supply

amphetamine, 81-82,

recovery, from metham-

and demand, 98-100

91, 93

phetamine addiction,

legal history of cutting

World War II, 13-15

90-96

off, 101-103

relapse, 60, 96

to superlabs, 108

xerostomia, 58, 117

reliability, of research

supportive friends, 94-

sources, 23, 63

95

zero tolerance, 87-89

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