Amphetamines Methamphetamine and Amphetamines Methamphetamine Combined ED Visits for the Coterminous US 19952002

□ Amphetamines ▲ Methamphetamine O Amphetamines/

Methamphetamine

□ Amphetamines ▲ Methamphetamine O Amphetamines/

Methamphetamine

Source: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2002 (03/2003 update). Individual estimates for amphetamines and methamphetamine are available on the DAWN Web site, at http://DAWNinfo.samhsa.gov/. © Infobase Publishing

Figure 6.3 Recent years have marked a steady rise in the number of emergency room visits due to abuse of amphetamines, methamphetamine, or a combination of both drugs.

college used meth in the last year, as compared to 2.2 percent of college-bound students.

• Methamphetamine use began in the Western states in the 1960s, and, as late as 1999, annual use by 12th graders still heavily favored the West. However, by 2005, the 10th and 12th graders in the North Central states had reported the greatest annual use. This correlates to data that shows the largest number of meth lab seizures in the country were in Missouri, Iowa, and Illinois, for example. This regional spread of meth is viewed as another indicator that we are experiencing a "meth epidemic."

• One of the most dramatic changes in meth use is its rise in use by Hispanic teens. Until recently, meth use largely has been defined by white, male users. However, between 1999 and 2005, white male meth users declined among both 10th and 12th graders. In contrast, by 2005, the percentage of meth usage among Hispanic 10th graders was 72 percent greater than the percentage of meth use among white 10th graders.

• African Americans have consistently shown exceptionally low rates for both meth and crystal meth use.

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