Methamphetamine

Meth Weights And Prices

Weight Meth

An average dose of meth is about a quarter of a gram. Because of ice's intensity, smaller doses provide bigger highs a gram of ice can provide 10 to 25 hits doses of meth. Heavy meth users take three or more grams of meth at a time. Notice how an ounce of gold compares with an ounce of meth.2, 4 10, 11, 14, 25, 26 Highest retail prices for one gram Honolulu, Miami, Detroit, and New York City Lowest retail prices for one-eighth ounce Los Angeles, San Diego, and Phoenix Sources Community...

Meth Damages The Brain Permanently

Meth User Brain Damage

For 20 years, scientific evidence has shown that long-term use of meth depletes supplies of dopamine by damaging dopamine receptors in the brain.24 Studies indicate that this brain damage can be permanent. Long-term meth users may develop life-long problems with verbal skills, memory, and may even develop Parkinson's disease, an incurable nervous disorder with symptoms of trembling hands and extreme muscle stiffness.6, 11 According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), animal studies...

The Meth High Dopamine

Methamphetamine's powerful effects come from its impact on the brain's reward, or pleasure, center. Meth does not directly release dopamine. It attaches itself to dopamine receptor sites and fools neurons into releasing large quantities of dopamine. This accounts for the intense rush a user experiences from meth.7, 11 In addition, meth prevents dopamine from being recycled. Instead, dopamine is active in the body for much longer, explaining the extra long duration of the meth high. The drug...

Biker Gangs Mexican Drug Cartels And Supply And Demand

Factory Methamphetamine

In 1970, the federal government passed the Controlled Substances Act. This measure outlawed the use of injectable methamphetamine and sought to stem the use and abuse of meth by cutting off its supply. However, the market for meth did not disappear, and, as is the case with most drugs of abuse once they are made illegal, the supply was simply driven underground. (This is similar to what happened during Prohibition in the 1920s and early 1930s when the government outlawed the sale and...

Routes Of Exposure And Duration Of Effects

Effect Drug Call Ice

The way meth enters the body determines its effects. The crystalline powder can be snorted, eaten, or smoked. It can Figure 3.3 Methamphetamine in crystalline form is very potent and often called ice. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Figure 3.3 Methamphetamine in crystalline form is very potent and often called ice. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration be dissolved in a beverage and drunk, or dissolved in water or alcohol and injected. The rock-like form of meth is smoked. Pills are...

The Birth Of Methamphetamine

Ephedra With Meth

Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug, similar to cocaine, which is derived from the coca plant, but made entirely of human-made chemicals (synthetic). Some stimulants are used every day by many people others, like amphetamines, are available only with a doctor's prescription and some, like cocaine, have no legal use whatsoever. One everyday stimulant is caffeine, which exists naturally in coffee, chocolate, and many sodas. Whether natural or chemical, legal or illegal, stimulants speed up the...

The Heart Lungs And Body Temperature

Images Substance Abuse Meth Mouth

Intravenous meth users experience a high within 30 seconds of injecting the drug. The reason for this speedy reaction is because once injected into the bloodstream, meth travels straight to the heart. It causes veins and arteries to constrict, which then reduces blood flow and elevates blood pressure, leading to increased body temperature, faster heartbeat, and possible blood clotting. High doses and frequency of meth use can increase body temperature (called hyperthermia) to dangerous levels,...

The Long Term Health Effects of Methamphetamine

Health Effects Methamphetamine

The temporary physical and psychological effects from meth can turn into long-term, permanent effects that last a lifetime. For instance, meth dramatically affects a person's decision-making abilities. The temporary effect of increased libido leads meth users to engage in risky, unprotected sex. A recent study of 19,000 men in Los Angles showed that new HIV infections were three times higher among methamphetamine users than among nonusers.28 Also, HIV and other infectious diseases like...

Speedballs And Bikers Coffee

Meth Bikers

Some meth users combine meth with heroin and call it a speedball. Biker's coffee is popular with young city-dwellers and corporate professionals who mix meth with their coffee.3 Figure 2.2 Fresno Meth Task Force investigators examine the charred ruins of a meth super lab that exploded in flames near Madeira, California. Tomas Ovalle AP Images Figure 2.2 Fresno Meth Task Force investigators examine the charred ruins of a meth super lab that exploded in flames...

Legalized Meth And Speed Freaks

By the 1950s and 1960s, meth was legally produced and sold over the counter as Methedrine and marketed to housewives as antidotes to depression and weight gain, to truckers to help them drive longer hauls without sleep, and to students and athletes seeking to push themselves longer and harder with greater energy and stamina. Today, methamphetamine is legally pro-duced yet rarely prescribed in the United States as the drug Desoxyn to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder),...

Ephedrine And Pseudoephedrine

Ephedrine Drum Factories Vietnam

The chemicals ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are like cousins to each other. They share the same molecular formula but are structurally different. However, the structural differences between ephedrine and pseudoephedrine do not affect meth production since they are mirror images of each other. They can be used interchangeably as precursors in meth recipes. Precursors are substances that, in nature, might be inactive, but when combined with another chemical, create a new product. Methamphetamine...

Meth Is Cited As Biggest Drug Problem

In a 2005 survey conducted by the National Association of Counties, 58 percent of law enforcement officials cited meth-amphetamine as their biggest drug problem. Some counties in the Midwest report that more than 75 percent of those incarcerated (imprisoned) in their jails are there because of meth. The United Nations identifies meth as the most abused hard drug in the world, with 26 million people addicted to it. That is more than all the cocaine and heroin abusers combined.11, 33 health...

The Meth Roller Coaster Ride

The physical and psychological experiences from meth are often compared to a roller coaster ride. The euphoric intensity accompanied by a rush of exhilaration, energy, alertness, and a sense of invincibility are felt along the highest peaks of the ride. Meth produces an extreme sense of well-being that is usually associated with a sense of accomplishment, love, or some other highly rewarding external source of satisfaction and fulfillment. These effects are temporary and short-lived, yet the...