Possession And The

People found with illegal drugs on their person (or in their cars or houses) are considered guilty of possession. The consequences of a possession charge depend on the drug, the quantity of drug, and the state in which the person is arrested. In many states, merely being in the company of someone who is in possession of illegal drugs (even if you are unaware of that situation) can make you guilty of possession. With the passage of the Controlled Substances Act in 1970, lawmakers classified...

Addiction A Strange Sort Of Magic

In the book From Chocolate to Morphine, researchers Andrew Weil, M.D., and Winifred Rosen commented on the fundamental nature of addiction, writing Addiction is a basic human problem whose roots go very deep. Most of us have at some point been wounded, no matter what kind of family we grew up in. We long for a sense of completeness and wholeness, and most often search for satisfaction outside of ourselves. Ironically, whatever satisfaction we gain from drugs, food, money and other 'sources' of...

Amphetamines Methamphetamine and Amphetamines Methamphetamine Combined ED Visits for the Coterminous US 19952002

Amphetamines Methamphetamine O Amphetamines Amphetamines Methamphetamine O Amphetamines Source Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2002 (03 2003 update). Individual estimates for amphetamines and methamphetamine are available on the DAWN Web site, at http DAWNinfo.samhsa.gov . Infobase Publishing Figure 6.3 Recent years have marked a steady rise in the number of emergency room visits due to abuse of amphetamines, methamphetamine, or a combination of both drugs....

Before We Begin A Note On Critical Thinking

When researching any topic, it is very important that you determine your source's credibility instead of taking what is said as accurate and truthful just because it is written in a book, a newspaper, or on the Internet. It is easy for people to present themselves as experts and produce scientific evidence to support their point of view. Ask yourself some questions about the validity of what you are reading, such as Who is hosting the Internet site or who has written the book or article What...

Brain Cravings For Meth

Meth's damage to dopamine in the brain means less dopamine is naturally available to the body. The brain becomes dependent upon constant meth intake to stimulate the supply of dopamine. Because the brain loses its ability to manufacture its own, it begins to crave dopamine when a meth user does not supply the drug. This is a major reason why users become so quickly tolerant and then addicted to meth. Without the drug to supply dopamine to the brain, meth users are unable to experience pleasure...

Dose

It is important to note that any substance whether an illegal drug or something like everyday water can benefit or harm a person depending upon its quantity and potency (strength). High doses of a substance can produce very different effects from low doses. Water is necessary for human life, but drinking extreme amounts of it in a short period of time disrupts the electrolyte and other critical balances in the body with negative consequences. The methamphetamine drug Desoxyn is beneficial at...

Methamphetamine Crystalline Powder

Meth in powder form is typically a white to tan color, but illegally produced meth powder can be yellow, pink, blue, or green depending on the method of manufacture. Red-colored pseudoephedrine tablets can produce a pink meth powder. A bluish tint may come from the use of camper fuel as a solvent. Green meth could be made from green gun scrubber, purchased in sporting goods and hardware stores. Powdered meth can sometimes smell like rotten eggs or urine, and has a bitter taste. A meth lab can...

Methamphetamine Use in Past Year Among Persons Aged 12 or Older by Race Ethnicity 2002 2003 and 2004

Figure 6.2 People of many different ethnic backgrounds abuse methamphetamine. use was 2.3 percent.) Past-month use of crystal meth has seen smaller increases, but an increase nonetheless. * It is important to note that even though ice use is increasing, the same number of high school seniors used meth as used ice in 2005. Interestingly, there were more 10th grade users of meth in 2005 than there were high school senior users of ice. In general, the actual numbers of students using meth is...

Pastyear and pastmonth use

* Use of meth and ice in the past year and in the past month follow the lifetime trends of decreasing meth use and increasing crystal meth use. * Since 1999, the number of 10th and 12th graders who have used meth in the past year and the past month has dropped by 40 to 45 percent. * The number of high school seniors using ice in the past year has increased nearly 65 percent over the last 15 years (since 1991). Since 2003, crystal meth use has remained steady for both annual and monthly use. (In...

The Making Of Meth

Meth is made using ordinary household utensils and appliances. Items such as coffee makers, blenders, microwaves, and mason jars are used in the cooking process. Seemingly ordinary, everyday products, such as matchbooks, camera batteries, rubbing alcohol, drain cleaner, engine starter fluid, brake cleaner, and table salt can be used in meth production. Because of the availability of these ingredients, a person can cook meth anywhere the back of a pickup truck on the side of a highway, a...

The Methamphetamine Molecule

The l stands for levo, from the Latin word laevus that means on the left side. The Latin word dexter means on the right side, and is represented by a d.9 C C CH, CH, C C Figure 3.1 The chemical structure of d-methamphetamine and l-methamphetamine are mirror images of each other. Figure 3.2 One common form of methamphetamine is powder. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Figure 3.2 One common form of methamphetamine is powder. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration in most cases. From now on, the...

The Neurotransmitter Dopamine

At a purely chemical level, every experience humans find enjoyable whether listening to music, embracing a lover, or savoring chocolate amounts to little more than an explosion of dopamine in the brain, as exhilarating and short-lived as a firecracker.9 Dopamine is the chemical in our body most fundamental to promoting the experience of pleasure. This neurotransmitter comes from the reward center of the brain (rewarding the person with high levels of positive, loving, pleasurable feelings). It...

Thwarting The Supply Of Anhydrous Ammonia

Anhydrous ammonia is another key ingredient in meth manufacturing. In most farm states, authorities say there is a break-in at an anhydrous ammonia tank almost every night. About 82 tons (19,844 gallons) of it was stolen from one Kansas farmer alone. It takes only a few dozen gallons to make a big batch of meth.23 States are working to cut off the supply of anhydrous ammonia to meth makers. Iowa has a successful lock program for farmers to secure tanks against theft, and some companies are...

Trends In Meth Lab Seizures

Meth lab seizure data shows us the spread of meth across the country, from the Western states to the Midwest to the South. Is the Northeast next Note the sharp decline in meth lab seizures in the Western states. Is this due to less drug use or to the superlabs moving down to Mexico after tighter regulations were enforced in the United States in 2004 and 2005 15 Clandestine Meth Laboratory Incidents* 15 Clandestine Meth Laboratory Incidents* 15 Adapted from National Clandestine Laboratory...

Methamphetamine Amphetamines Treatment Admissions by Route of Administration 19922002

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Smoking Source 2002 SAMHSA Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). 6 Infobase Publishing Figure 6.4 Smoking is an increasingly popular method for taking methamphetamine among users who wind up in the emergency room as a consequence of taking the drug. PREDICTIVE FACTORS WHY DO SOME TEENS CHOOSE TO USE METHAMPHETAMINE Based upon over 25 years of surveys, the Overview of Key Findings portion of the Monitoring the Future Survey has determined that...

Notes

Available online URL http www. loni.ucla.edu thompson MEDIA METH nytMETH.htm. Downloaded June 2006. 31. Greater Dallas Council on Alcohol & Drug Abuse. Methamphetamine. Available online. URL htm. Downloaded on April 22, 2007. 32. Sato, M., C.C. Chen, K. Akiyama, and S. Otsuki. Acute Exacerbation of Paranoid Psychotic State After Long-term Abstinence in Patients with Previous Methamphetamine Psychosis, Biological Psychiatry 4 (April 18, 1983) 429-440. 33. The National...

Definitions

Both the NSDUH and the MTF define a lifetime user as a teen who has used an illicit drug meth at least once in his or her lifetime. This is used to describe a teen who has used meth at least once during the past 365 days. Both the NSDUH and the MTF define a current user as a teen who has used an illicit drug meth at least once within the month prior to responding to the survey. This is also referred to as past-month drug use. The results from the sample groups are applied to the entire...

Terms That Describe Feeling Meths Effects

Meth Lab Gear

Ampin', Cranked Up, Foiled, Gassing, Geeked, Gurped, Jacked, Ring Dang Doo, Spin-Jo Speeding, Spun Monkey or Spun Turkey, Twacked, Tweaked, Wired, Zoomin3 13 alone in that year).15 Since the 1990s, methamphetamine use has spread from the Western states to the Southwest and now appears to be concentrated in the rural Midwest. The drug's popularity is related to its low cost (as compared to other drugs), its availability, and its perceived pleasurable side effects such as euphoria, weight loss,...

Methamphetamine and the

The first time I did meth was two summers ago, before a country-music festival. Then I started doing it every day. The first few months, I would get really high and loved it. Then you build up a tolerance, and it never feels the same. I was constantly chasing that early high. I was getting skinnier, and I loved that. I like to eat and I'm lazy. Meth was a fast way to lose weight. I lost my appetite food just doesn't taste good when you're on meth. People asked, What are you doing and I was...

Smurfing

Over the past 15 years, federal and state meth laws have severely restricted the ingredients and supplies necessary to make meth. These laws have included limiting the amount of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine-containing medication that a person could purchase. Some states only allowed a purchase of three packages at a time. A loophole in the previous meth laws did not include limits on cold and allergy medicines sold in blister packs (plastic bubbles with foil backing). Illegal meth makers seem...

Biker Gangs Mexican Drug Cartels And Supply And Demand

In 1970, the federal government passed the Controlled Substances Act. This measure outlawed the use of injectable methamphetamine and sought to stem the use and abuse of meth by cutting off its supply. However, the market for meth did not disappear, and, as is the case with most drugs of abuse once they are made illegal, the supply was simply driven underground. (This is similar to what happened during Prohibition in the 1920s and early 1930s when the government outlawed the sale and...

The Long Term Health Effects of Methamphetamine

Health Effects Methamphetamine

The temporary physical and psychological effects from meth can turn into long-term, permanent effects that last a lifetime. For instance, meth dramatically affects a person's decision-making abilities. The temporary effect of increased libido leads meth users to engage in risky, unprotected sex. A recent study of 19,000 men in Los Angles showed that new HIV infections were three times higher among methamphetamine users than among nonusers.28 Also, HIV and other infectious diseases like...

The Meth High Dopamine

Methamphetamine's powerful effects come from its impact on the brain's reward, or pleasure, center. Meth does not directly release dopamine. It attaches itself to dopamine receptor sites and fools neurons into releasing large quantities of dopamine. This accounts for the intense rush a user experiences from meth.7, 11 In addition, meth prevents dopamine from being recycled. Instead, dopamine is active in the body for much longer, explaining the extra long duration of the meth high. The drug...

Pronunciation Guide

Methamphetamine (meth-am-FET-a-meen) ephedrine (eh-FEH-drin) psuedoephedrine (sue-dough-eh-FEH-drin) Short-term effects of meth use can include 7 Long-term effects of meth use can include 7 fatigue, keeping them alert at their posts without need for sleep. At his doctor's request, Winston Churchill took amphetamines to stay awake, and American troops received amphetamine as well as methamphetamine pills along with their food rations.2 Under Hitler's command, German chemists created and...

Methamphetamine Meth Mouth

A very common and visible sign of long-term meth use is extreme tooth decay, also known as meth mouth. Users with meth mouth have blackened, stained, or rotting teeth, which often can't be saved. False teeth, dentures, and other dental products are normally reserved for older people who have lost their teeth. Many short-term meth users, including teens, are receiving this type of dental work to replace lost teeth. Some dentists have seen as significant a tooth loss in four-month meth users as...

Names For Meth

Batu Kilat (Malaysian term meaning shining rocks), Chalk, Crank, Crystallight, Devils Dandruff, Dope, Dummy Dust, Glass, Go-Go Juice, Haiwaiian Salt, High Speed Chicken Feed, Hillbilly Crack, Ice, Jenny Crank Program, Kryptonite, Meth-anfelony, Nazi Dope, Poop'd Out, Quartz, Rachet Jaw, Redneck Heroin, Rock, Rocket Fuel, Shabu, Shards, Stove Top, Smurf Dope, Sparkle, Tina, Vidrio (Spanish for glass)3' 8 addicts promoted the slogan Speed Kills to warn others about it.2' 10

Meth Fools The Brain

The body produces natural stimulants that control the ups and downs of our biorhythms (the body's natural cycles) such as sleep needs, mood, or hunger signals. For example, everyone has probably experienced epinephrine rushing through the body. Epinephrine is also known as adrenaline, and is produced by the adrenal glands to create the familiar flight-or-fight response the body experiences when confronted with a dangerous or threatening situation. During this response, the body speeds up all...

Cuppa

Caffeine is the most widely used legal stimulant in the world. On a daily basis, 80 percent of Americans ingest some form of caffeine. The average adult consumption is about two cups of coffee per day.9 Figure 3.4 Users often ingest ice by smoking it in a glass pipe. Tim Wright AP Images Figure 3.4 Users often ingest ice by smoking it in a glass pipe. Tim Wright AP Images more harmful and more addicting over time. In addition, an addictive cycle is generated as the user seeks to re-experience...

Mom And Pop Meth Labs

In the mid-1990s, American meth users realized they could make their own, less pure form of meth from recipes found on the Internet or in underground publications. Meth is easy to produce because all of the necessary ingredients are legal and have legitimate uses. Where the superlabs can make 80 or 100 pounds of meth during one cook cycle, these small-scale meth cooks produce less than a few ounces of meth at a time.11 Small-scale mom and pop cooks usually intend to use the meth they make. They...

Speedballs And Bikers Coffee

Some meth users combine meth with heroin and call it a speedball. Biker's coffee is popular with young city-dwellers and corporate professionals who mix meth with their coffee.3 Figure 2.2 Fresno Meth Task Force investigators examine the charred ruins of a meth super lab that exploded in flames near Madeira, California. Tomas Ovalle AP Images Figure 2.2 Fresno Meth Task Force investigators examine the charred ruins of a meth super lab that exploded in flames...

Meth Damages The Brain Permanently

Meth User Brain Damage

For 20 years, scientific evidence has shown that long-term use of meth depletes supplies of dopamine by damaging dopamine receptors in the brain.24 Studies indicate that this brain damage can be permanent. Long-term meth users may develop life-long problems with verbal skills, memory, and may even develop Parkinson's disease, an incurable nervous disorder with symptoms of trembling hands and extreme muscle stiffness.6, 11 According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), animal studies...

Tolerance

Tolerance can be defined as the need for increasing doses of a drug over time to maintain the same effect achieved at previous lower doses. The body becomes tolerant to the effects of meth within minutes.7, 9 Remember, after smoking or injecting meth, the user experiences an intense explosion of dopamine, experienced as a euphoric high. Meth users try to maintain that high by using ever-increasing quantities of meth, or by switching to a faster-acting way of using, such as moving from snorting...

The Heart Lungs And Body Temperature

Intravenous meth users experience a high within 30 seconds of injecting the drug. The reason for this speedy reaction is because once injected into the bloodstream, meth travels straight to the heart. It causes veins and arteries to constrict, which then reduces blood flow and elevates blood pressure, leading to increased body temperature, faster heartbeat, and possible blood clotting. High doses and frequency of meth use can increase body temperature (called hyperthermia) to dangerous levels,...

Legalized Meth And Speed Freaks

By the 1950s and 1960s, meth was legally produced and sold over the counter as Methedrine and marketed to housewives as antidotes to depression and weight gain, to truckers to help them drive longer hauls without sleep, and to students and athletes seeking to push themselves longer and harder with greater energy and stamina. Today, methamphetamine is legally pro-duced yet rarely prescribed in the United States as the drug Desoxyn to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder),...

Purity And Price

The purer the drug, the more potent it is. The more potent a drug, the more intense are its effects. The more intensely a drug effects someone, the more it potentially addictive it is. Superlabs produce the purest and most potent meth because they have trained chemists making the drug. Depending on the method used, the purity of the meth from superlabs ranges from 80 to 90 percent. Small-scale labs produce meth with much lower purity.20, 21 Ice is purer than powdered meth. To make more money,...

The Birth Of Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug, similar to cocaine, which is derived from the coca plant, but made entirely of human-made chemicals (synthetic). Some stimulants are used every day by many people others, like amphetamines, are available only with a doctor's prescription and some, like cocaine, have no legal use whatsoever. One everyday stimulant is caffeine, which exists naturally in coffee, chocolate, and many sodas. Whether natural or chemical, legal or illegal, stimulants speed up the...

The Meth Roller Coaster Ride

The physical and psychological experiences from meth are often compared to a roller coaster ride. The euphoric intensity accompanied by a rush of exhilaration, energy, alertness, and a sense of invincibility are felt along the highest peaks of the ride. Meth produces an extreme sense of well-being that is usually associated with a sense of accomplishment, love, or some other highly rewarding external source of satisfaction and fulfillment. These effects are temporary and short-lived, yet the...

Web Sites

CyberSober - Our Place http www.cybersober.com Our Place is an online prevention, education, and support resource for teenagers and their parents. The site offers times and locations, including maps, for adolescent 12-Step meetings and online teen meetings, as well as a teen chat and teen news. FRONTLINE The Meth Epidemic From PBS, a 2005 investigation into the meth epidemic from all angles social, medical, legal, trends. Includes live footage, interviews, and colorful graphs. Meth Resources...

Ephedrine And Pseudoephedrine

Ephedrine Drum Factories Vietnam

The chemicals ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are like cousins to each other. They share the same molecular formula but are structurally different. However, the structural differences between ephedrine and pseudoephedrine do not affect meth production since they are mirror images of each other. They can be used interchangeably as precursors in meth recipes. Precursors are substances that, in nature, might be inactive, but when combined with another chemical, create a new product. Methamphetamine...

Stopping Supply At The Source

Superlabs require large amounts of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, and can produce 100,000 doses of meth, compared to home labs that produce about 300 doses.11 Because of this need, cartels are reliant on the nine international sources for their supply. DEA authorities believe that the spread of meth can be halted if these precursor chemicals are regulated at their international sources and in the countries that import them. The DEA would like to see that countries import only enough of the...

Addiction and Recovery

Less than half an hour after I smoked the dope, it kicked in. I had more energy than ever before. My life was suddenly perfect, and I was perfect. I didn't want it to end. I stayed up for seven days. Every half an hour, we'd smoke more to keep up the high. I didn't eat the dope made food taste like cardboard . Occasionally, someone would drop me off at my house so I could shower and change. My dad freaked out when he saw me. I was enjoying myself too much to care. Soon I was snorting dope every...

Excretion

How does methamphetamine get out of the body The average half-life of methamphetamine is about 12 hours. This means it takes about 12 hours for half the amount of meth snorted, swallowed, smoked, or injected to be processed and excreted through the body's natural exits, such as through sweating, urinating, or moving the bowels.2, 9 The main way that meth exits the body is through renal excretion, also known as urination. The pH of the user's urine will determine how quickly the meth exits the...

Meth Weights And Prices In 20042005

An average dose of meth is about a quarter of a gram. Because of ice's intensity, smaller doses provide bigger highs a gram of ice can provide 10 to 25 hits doses of meth. Heavy meth users take three or more grams of meth at a time. Notice how an ounce of gold compares with an ounce of meth.2, 4 10, 11, 14, 25, 26 Highest retail prices for one gram Honolulu, Miami, Detroit, and New York City Lowest retail prices for one-eighth ounce Los Angeles, San Diego, and Phoenix Sources Community...

Routes Of Exposure And Duration Of Effects

The way meth enters the body determines its effects. The crystalline powder can be snorted, eaten, or smoked. It can Figure 3.3 Methamphetamine in crystalline form is very potent and often called ice. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Figure 3.3 Methamphetamine in crystalline form is very potent and often called ice. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration be dissolved in a beverage and drunk, or dissolved in water or alcohol and injected. The rock-like form of meth is smoked. Pills are...