Methamphetamine

How does methamphetamine get out of the body?

The main way that meth exits the body is through renal excretion, also known as urination. The pH of the user's urine will determine how quickly the meth exits the body. The pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of the urine, or any solution, for that matter, where two or more substances are mixed together. The more acidic the urine, the faster meth will exit the body.

Meth Damages The Brain Permanently

Meth User Brain Damage

For 20 years, scientific evidence has shown that long-term use of meth depletes supplies of dopamine by damaging dopamine receptors in the brain.24 Studies indicate that this brain damage can be permanent. Long-term meth users may develop life-long problems with verbal skills, memory, and may even develop Parkinson's disease, an incurable nervous disorder with symptoms of trembling hands and extreme muscle stiffness.6, 11 According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), animal studies...

The Meth High Dopamine

Methamphetamine's powerful effects come from its impact on the brain's reward, or pleasure, center. Meth does not directly release dopamine. It attaches itself to dopamine receptor sites and fools neurons into releasing large quantities of dopamine. This accounts for the intense rush a user experiences from meth.

Methamphetamine Meth Mouth

A very common and visible sign of long-term meth use is extreme tooth decay, also known as meth mouth. Users with meth mouth have blackened, stained, or rotting teeth, which often can't be saved. False teeth, dentures, and other dental products are normally reserved for older people who have lost their teeth. Many short-term meth users, including teens, are receiving this type of dental work to replace lost teeth. Some dentists have seen as significant a tooth loss in four-month meth users as...

The Meth Roller Coaster Ride

The physical and psychological experiences from meth are often compared to a roller coaster ride. The euphoric intensity accompanied by a rush of exhilaration, energy, alertness, and a sense of invincibility are felt along the highest peaks of the ride. Meth produces an extreme sense of well-being that is usually associated with a sense of accomplishment, love, or some other highly rewarding external source of satisfaction and fulfillment.

The Heart Lungs And Body Temperature

Images Substance Abuse Meth Mouth

Intravenous meth users experience a high within 30 seconds of injecting the drug. The reason for this speedy reaction is because once injected into the bloodstream, meth travels straight to the heart. It causes veins and arteries to constrict, which then reduces blood flow and elevates blood pressure, leading to increased body temperature, faster heartbeat, and possible blood clotting. High doses and frequency of meth use can increase body temperature (called hyperthermia) to dangerous levels,...

The Methamphetamine Molecule

Common Forms Methamphetamine

The l stands for levo, from the Latin word laevus that means on the left side. The Latin word dexter means on the right side, and is represented by a d.9 C C CH, CH, C C Figure 3.1 The chemical structure of d-methamphetamine and l-methamphetamine are mirror images of each other. Figure 3.2 One common form of methamphetamine is powder. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Figure 3.2 One common form of methamphetamine is powder. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration in most cases. From now on, the...

The Long Term Health Effects of Methamphetamine

Health Effects Methamphetamine

The temporary physical and psychological effects from meth can turn into long-term, permanent effects that last a lifetime. For instance, meth dramatically affects a person's decision-making abilities. The temporary effect of increased libido leads meth users to engage in risky, unprotected sex. A recent study of 19,000 men in Los Angles showed that new HIV infections were three times higher among methamphetamine users than among nonusers.28 Also, HIV and other infectious diseases like...

Conventionalunconventional Can Personality Predict Drug Use37

Researchers created a scale of conventionality-unconvention-ality in an attempt to categorize the personality differences between adolescent drug users and nonusers. The basic personality traits of young adolescents were identified prior to their use of any drugs. Based on these personality traits, the adolescents were put into one of two groups unconventional and conventional. In contrast to the conventional students, the unconventional students showed greater concern for personal...

Addiction and Recovery

Less than half an hour after I smoked the dope, it kicked in. I had more energy than ever before. My life was suddenly perfect, and I was perfect. I didn't want it to end. I stayed up for seven days. Every half an hour, we'd smoke more to keep up the high. I didn't eat the dope made food taste like cardboard . Occasionally, someone would drop me off at my house so I could shower and change. My dad freaked out when he saw me. I was enjoying myself too much to care. Soon I was snorting dope every...

Addiction A Strange Sort Of Magic

Marshall Law

In the book From Chocolate to Morphine, researchers Andrew Weil, M.D., and Winifred Rosen commented on the fundamental nature of addiction, writing Addiction is a basic human problem whose roots go very deep. Most of us have at some point been wounded, no matter what kind of family we grew up in. We long for a sense of completeness and wholeness, and most often search for satisfaction outside of ourselves. Ironically, whatever satisfaction we gain from drugs, food, money and other 'sources' of...

Stopping Supply At The Source

Ephedrine Cold Medicn

Superlabs require large amounts of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine, and can produce 100,000 doses of meth, compared to home labs that produce about 300 doses.11 Because of this need, cartels are reliant on the nine international sources for their supply. DEA authorities believe that the spread of meth can be halted if these precursor chemicals are regulated at their international sources and in the countries that import them. The DEA would like to see that countries import only enough of the...

Ephedrine And Pseudoephedrine

Ephedrine Drum Factories Vietnam

The chemicals ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are like cousins to each other. They share the same molecular formula but are structurally different. However, the structural differences between ephedrine and pseudoephedrine do not affect meth production since they are mirror images of each other. They can be used interchangeably as precursors in meth recipes. Precursors are substances that, in nature, might be inactive, but when combined with another chemical, create a new product. Methamphetamine...

Short- Term Effects of Crystal Methamphetamine

Metthamphitamin Gehirn

Even small amounts of methamphetamine can cause such physical effects as insomnia, loss of appetite, increased physical activity, racing heart, increased sexual libido, increased rate of breathing, tremors, elevated blood pressure and body temperature, dilation of pupils (meth users might wear sunglasses due to a sensitivity to light, whether indoors or outside), convulsions, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, and diarrhea.

The Properties of Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine can either exist as a left-handed molecule named -methamphetamine or a right-handed molecule called d-methamphetamine. The left and right meth molecules are mirror images of one another. Mirror images represent one same molecule but with different arrangements in space. Such arrangements may not be superimposed. One's right and left hands are an example of mirror images. A helpful way to remember their meanings is as the drug or egal forms of methamphetamine. The d- form of meth...

Mom And Pop Meth Labs

In the mid-1990s, American meth users realized they could make their own, less pure form of meth from recipes found on the Internet or in underground publications. Meth is easy to produce because all of the necessary ingredients are legal and have legitimate uses. Where the superlabs can make 80 or 100 pounds of meth during one cook cycle, these small-scale meth cooks produce less than a few ounces of meth at a time.11 Small-scale mom and pop cooks usually intend to use the meth they make. They...

The Birth Of Methamphetamine

Ephedra With Meth

Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug, similar to cocaine, which is derived from the coca plant, but made entirely of human-made chemicals (synthetic). Some stimulants are used every day by many people others, like amphetamines, are available only with a doctor's prescription and some, like cocaine, have no legal use whatsoever. One everyday stimulant is caffeine, which exists naturally in coffee, chocolate, and many sodas. Whether natural or chemical, legal or illegal, stimulants speed up the...

Possession And The

People found with illegal drugs on their person (or in their cars or houses) are considered guilty of possession. The consequences of a possession charge depend on the drug, the quantity of drug, and the state in which the person is arrested. In many states, merely being in the company of someone who is in possession of illegal drugs (even if you are unaware of that situation) can make you guilty of possession. With the passage of the Controlled Substances Act in 1970, lawmakers classified...

Methamphetamine Versus Cocaine

Meth and cocaine share similar stimulating effects because they provoke excessive dopamine to collect in the brain. However, meth stays in the body longer than cocaine. This results in a longer lasting high for meth, but means that meth has more time to damage neurons in the brain as well. Many receptors for the neurotransmitter norepinephrine are found in a small section of the brain stem called the locus coeruleus, a part of the brain that integrates sensory messages from the eyes, ears, and other sense organs.

White Phosphorus Phosphorus Methamphetamine Amphetamine Mail

The Faces of Meth, Teen People 9, 2 March 1, 2006 114. 2. Gahlinger, Paul M., M.D. Illegal Drugs. New York Penguin Group, 2004. 3. Narconon of Southern California, Inc. Slang Terms for Meth. Available online. URL http www.stopmethaddiction. com meth-slang.htm. Updated on June 29, 2006. 4. The Stonewall Project. Weights and Measurements of Meth. Available online. URL http www.tweaker.org. Downloaded July 2006. 5. Narconon of Southern California, Inc. The History of...

Methamphetamine Amphetamines Treatment Admissions by Route of Administration 19922002

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Smoking Source 2002 SAMHSA Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). 6 Infobase Publishing Figure 6.4 Smoking is an increasingly popular method for taking methamphetamine among users who wind up in the emergency room as a consequence of taking the drug. PREDICTIVE FACTORS WHY DO SOME TEENS CHOOSE TO USE METHAMPHETAMINE Based upon over 25 years of surveys, the Overview of Key Findings portion of the Monitoring the Future Survey has determined that...

Before We Begin A Note On Critical Thinking

When researching any topic, it is very important that you determine your source's credibility instead of taking what is said as accurate and truthful just because it is written in a book, a newspaper, or on the Internet. It is easy for people to present themselves as experts and produce scientific evidence to support their point of view. Ask yourself some questions about the validity of what you are reading, such as Who is hosting the Internet site or who has written the book or article What...

Methamphetamine and the

The first time I did meth was two summers ago, before a country-music festival. Then I started doing it every day. The first few months, I would get really high and loved it. Then you build up a tolerance, and it never feels the same. I was constantly chasing that early high. I was getting skinnier, and I loved that. I like to eat and I'm lazy. Meth was a fast way to lose weight. I lost my appetite food just doesn't taste good when you're on meth. People asked, What are you doing and I was...

The Making Of Meth

Meth is made using ordinary household utensils and appliances. Items such as coffee makers, blenders, microwaves, and mason jars are used in the cooking process. Seemingly ordinary, everyday products, such as matchbooks, camera batteries, rubbing alcohol, drain cleaner, engine starter fluid, brake cleaner, and table salt can be used in meth production. Because of the availability of these ingredients, a person can cook meth anywhere the back of a pickup truck on the side of a highway, a...

Pronunciation Guide

Methamphetamine (meth-am-FET-a-meen) ephedrine (eh-FEH-drin) psuedoephedrine (sue-dough-eh-FEH-drin) Short-term effects of meth use can include 7 Long-term effects of meth use can include 7 fatigue, keeping them alert at their posts without need for sleep. At his doctor's request, Winston Churchill took amphetamines to stay awake, and American troops received amphetamine as well as methamphetamine pills along with their food rations.2 Under Hitler's command, German chemists created and...

The History of Methamphetamine

The first time I tried meth, I was 13.1 didn't do it again, though, until I was 15. I used meth only sporadically until I was 17, when I started using and selling it regularly. I sold for about two years. My friend and I mostly sold to support our own habit. We sold balls of crank that could keep you up for a week. I wasn't in school because I'd been kicked out at 14 on suspicion of taking drugs. Any money I earned went down the drain. I'd sell an ounce, then I'd do a half ounce in a few days....

Teenage Trends and Attitudes

Headlines over the last several years have declared a meth epidemic in the United States among adults and teens. An epidemic is an outbreak that spreads more quickly and more extensively among a particular group of people than would be normally expected. Many indicators tell us how meth use and abuse has increased over the past 15 years, both in actual numbers of users and across the country. Admissions to substance abuse treatment centers, drug seizures, meth lab busts, emergency room visits,...

Trends In Meth Lab Seizures

Meth lab seizure data shows us the spread of meth across the country, from the Western states to the Midwest to the South. Is the Northeast next Note the sharp decline in meth lab seizures in the Western states. Is this due to less drug use or to the superlabs moving down to Mexico after tighter regulations were enforced in the United States in 2004 and 2005 15 Clandestine Meth Laboratory Incidents* 15 Clandestine Meth Laboratory Incidents* 15 Adapted from National Clandestine Laboratory...

Names For Meth

Batu Kilat (Malaysian term meaning shining rocks), Chalk, Crank, Crystallight, Devils Dandruff, Dope, Dummy Dust, Glass, Go-Go Juice, Haiwaiian Salt, High Speed Chicken Feed, Hillbilly Crack, Ice, Jenny Crank Program, Kryptonite, Meth-anfelony, Nazi Dope, Poop'd Out, Quartz, Rachet Jaw, Redneck Heroin, Rock, Rocket Fuel, Shabu, Shards, Stove Top, Smurf Dope, Sparkle, Tina, Vidrio (Spanish for glass)3' 8 addicts promoted the slogan Speed Kills to warn others about it.2' 10

Terms That Describe Feeling Meths Effects

Map Meth Problem

Ampin', Cranked Up, Foiled, Gassing, Geeked, Gurped, Jacked, Ring Dang Doo, Spin-Jo Speeding, Spun Monkey or Spun Turkey, Twacked, Tweaked, Wired, Zoomin3 13 alone in that year).15 Since the 1990s, methamphetamine use has spread from the Western states to the Southwest and now appears to be concentrated in the rural Midwest. The drug's popularity is related to its low cost (as compared to other drugs), its availability, and its perceived pleasurable side effects such as euphoria, weight loss,...

Routes Of Exposure And Duration Of Effects

Effect Drug Call Ice

The way meth enters the body determines its effects. The crystalline powder can be snorted, eaten, or smoked. It can Figure 3.3 Methamphetamine in crystalline form is very potent and often called ice. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Figure 3.3 Methamphetamine in crystalline form is very potent and often called ice. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration be dissolved in a beverage and drunk, or dissolved in water or alcohol and injected. The rock-like form of meth is smoked. Pills are...

Legalized Meth And Speed Freaks

By the 1950s and 1960s, meth was legally produced and sold over the counter as Methedrine and marketed to housewives as antidotes to depression and weight gain, to truckers to help them drive longer hauls without sleep, and to students and athletes seeking to push themselves longer and harder with greater energy and stamina. Today, methamphetamine is legally pro-duced yet rarely prescribed in the United States as the drug Desoxyn to treat ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder),...

Meth Is Cited As Biggest Drug Problem

In a 2005 survey conducted by the National Association of Counties, 58 percent of law enforcement officials cited meth-amphetamine as their biggest drug problem. Some counties in the Midwest report that more than 75 percent of those incarcerated (imprisoned) in their jails are there because of meth. The United Nations identifies meth as the most abused hard drug in the world, with 26 million people addicted to it. That is more than all the cocaine and heroin abusers combined.11, 33 health...

Cuppa

Caffeine is the most widely used legal stimulant in the world. On a daily basis, 80 percent of Americans ingest some form of caffeine. The average adult consumption is about two cups of coffee per day.9 Figure 3.4 Users often ingest ice by smoking it in a glass pipe. Tim Wright AP Images Figure 3.4 Users often ingest ice by smoking it in a glass pipe. Tim Wright AP Images more harmful and more addicting over time. In addition, an addictive cycle is generated as the user seeks to re-experience...

Longterm Psychological Effects

As compared to physical tolerance, there is no tolerance established for the psychological effects of methamphetamine.9 This leaves meth users very vulnerable to its psychotic effects. Longtime users have been known to develop symptoms of psychosis that mimic schizophrenia, including paranoia, aggression, hallucinations, and delusions. Even after stopping the drug, psychotic symptoms can sometimes persist for months or years afterward.7, 11, 14 Of a population of 111 patients with chronic...

Amphetamines Methamphetamine and Amphetamines Methamphetamine Combined ED Visits for the Coterminous US 19952002

Amphetamines Methamphetamine O Amphetamines Amphetamines Methamphetamine O Amphetamines Source Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2002 (03 2003 update). Individual estimates for amphetamines and methamphetamine are available on the DAWN Web site, at http DAWNinfo.samhsa.gov . Infobase Publishing Figure 6.3 Recent years have marked a steady rise in the number of emergency room visits due to abuse of amphetamines, methamphetamine, or a combination of both drugs....

Methamphetamine Use in Past Year Among Persons Aged 12 or Older by Race Ethnicity 2002 2003 and 2004

Figure 6.2 People of many different ethnic backgrounds abuse methamphetamine. use was 2.3 percent.) Past-month use of crystal meth has seen smaller increases, but an increase nonetheless. * It is important to note that even though ice use is increasing, the same number of high school seniors used meth as used ice in 2005. Interestingly, there were more 10th grade users of meth in 2005 than there were high school senior users of ice. In general, the actual numbers of students using meth is...