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wedge-transfer: the cutting of triangular shaped sections of mycelium from agar and their transfer into other vessels or substrates.

white rot: a condition whereby a substrate is rendered light in color from the decomposition of lignin ("delignification") and/or cellulose & hemicellulose from fungi. Solid blocks of wood are used for testing.

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I first acknowledge the Mushrooms who have been my greatest teachers. They are the Body Intellect, the Neural Network of this book

My family has been extremely patient and forgiving during this multi-year project. Cruz has never waivered in her belief in me and the global/spiritual significance of this book. Azureus & Ladena have tolerated my insistent need for their modeling talents and have helped on many mushroom projects.

My parents have taught me many things. My father heralded education and science and impressed upon me that a laboratory is a natural asset to every home. My mother taught me patience, kindness, and that precognition is a natural part of the human experiencA brother John first piqued my interest for mushrooms upon his return from adventures in and Mexico. Additionally, his knowledge on the scientific method of photography has gre^^we^d my own techniques. In some mysterious way, their combined influences set the stage for my unfolding love of fungi.

Other people warrant acknowledgement in their assistance in the completion of this book. Andrew Weil played a critical role in helping build the creative milieu, the well spring of spiritual chi from which this manuscript flowed. Gary Lincoff was extremely helpful in uncovering some of the more obscure references and waged intellectual combat with admirable skill. Brother Bill Stamets is thanked for his critical editorial remarks. Satit Thaithatgoon, my friend from Thailand, is appreciated for his insights about mushroom culture and life. I must thank Kit & Harley Barnhart for their advice on photographic technique. Michael Beug deserves acknowledgement for his unwavering support through all these years. Erik Remmen kept me healthy and strong through the many years of rigorous training in the ancient and noble martial art of Hwa Rang Do.

Joseph Ammirati, David Arora, Alan & Arleen Bessette, Janet Butz, Jonathan Caldwell, Jeff Chilton, Ken Cochran. Don Coombs, Kim & Troy Donahue, Eliza Drummond, Robert Ellingham, Gaston Guzman, Paxton Hoag, Rick Hoss, Eric Iseman, Mike Knoke, Gary Leatham, Mike Maki, Orson & Hope Miller, Scott Moore, Tomiro Motohashi, Takeshi Nakagawa. Louise North, George Osgood, Paul Paddock, Jeff Paddock, Heidi Paddock, Paul Przybylov ricz, Scott Redhead, Warren Rekow, Maggie Rogers, Lynn Sabol, Bulmaro Solano, Lillian Stamets, Harry Thiers, Tom O'Dell, James Trappe, and Rytas Vilgalys all helped in their own special ways.

The late Jim Roberts, of Lambert Spawn, gained my respect and admiration for his devotion to helping the gourmet mushroom industry. And, I will never forget the generosity shown to me by the late Alexander Smith and Daniel Stuntz who were instrumental in encouraging me to continue in the field of mycology—in spite of those who fervently opposed me.

Companies which unselfishly contributed photographic or other material to this work, and to whom I am grateful, are: The Minnesota Forest Resource Center, The Growing Company, Morel Mountain, The Mori Mushroom Institute, Northwest Mycological Consultants, Organotech and Ostrom's Mushroom Farms. The Evergreen State College generously supported my studies in scanning electron microscopy and in Psilocybe.

Finally, I wish to acknowledge all those bewildered and bemushroomed researchers who have paved my path into the future. For your help on this odyssey through life, I will forever be in your debt.

Paul Stamets July, 1993

agaricum 351 agarikon 351 agar media 90

Agaricus augustus 18,337 A. bitorquis 19, 109, 210 A. brunnescens 11, 18, 26, 109, 120, 143, 192, 193, 198, 204, 210, 222, 424, 429, 476

Agrocybe aegerita 18, 113-115, 143, 178, 210, 220-223 A. cylindracea 220 A. molesta 220 A. praecox 220

AIDS 272,368,384

air systems 463

Albatrellus 353

allergies 318, 354

alternative substrates 48,182

Amanita 1,3,23 344 A. muscaria 3

antibiotic media 101,115

Aragekikurage 396

Am illaria 32

arthritis 352, 368

artist's conk 355

atmospheric sterilization 137, 171

Auricularia 35, 395

A. auricula 18, 216, 396, 397, 400 A. polymelia 18, 205, 396, 397, 400

autoclaves 167-172


bacteria 84, 101, 137 bags 139-142 bananas 54 basidia 69, 71 Bear's Head 388 Beech Mushroom 248 Beug, M. viii, biological efficiency 57-59 biological pasteurization 189, 190 bioremediation 14 Black Forest Mushroom 259-276 Black Poplar Mushroom 220 blood, effects upon 318, 367, 368, 378, 399 Brick Tops 242 Brooke-Webster, D. 192, 193 Buddha 1

Buna-shimeji 203, 246-253

Burgundy Mushroom 335

by-products 12, 13, 21, 41, 42, 47, 48, 56-58, 67, 73, 126, 146, 152, 169, 176, 181, 182, 189, 263, 283, 284

cancer 227, 234, 244, 251, 271, 281, 318, 353, 367, 368, 377, 378, 384, 392, 399

casing 209-210, 217

caves 470, 471

cereal straws 53

Chaga 353

546 bibliography

._. -WT-, Il il ..--Uli II HI II II -IT-III 1 II 1 ITH III 1 - 1 II I II I I I II .1 l "*" "■ ■■■ »

Chang, S.T. 349


Chanterelles 5-9

Ear Fungus 396

cheilocystidia 73

Earth Maitake 380

Chilton,! 273

Elm Oyster 220

Chinese Sclerotium 380

endospores 84

Chorei-maitake 380

Enoki, Enokitake 229-235

clamp connections 67

entropy 22

cloning 93


coffee 54, 181, 317

failure 62

column culture 198-204

feed 56, 151,284, 303, 318

contaminants 100, 101

fermentation 348, 366

copper 6

filters 84, 462, 466

Coprinus comatus 23, 210, 224-228

flammulin 234

coremia 73, 112

Flammulina velutipes 32, 44, 106, 115, 126,

143, 152, 161, 164, 205, 206, 212, 229-235,

corncobs 54

240, 256, 279, 427

Coriolus versicolor 353


Costantinella cristata 405, 411

flies 453

cropping 191-206

fodder 284, 303, 368

culture slants 103-106

Fomiiopsis offinalis 352, 353

cystidia 73

formulas 90, 129, 162, 182


freezing 105

Dancing Mushroom 370

frogs 445

decontamination mats 80, 81

truitbody development 212, 217

Dendropolyporus umbellatus 380

Fukuoka 41

designs 463, 464, 470

Fukurotake 344


Fuligo cristata 23

Dhingri Mushroom 321

fungicides 132,135

DNA 77, 283


dog food agar 90

Galer 'a 23

donko 271

G.autumnalis 23, 32, 231

— gEcsBsaa -------—■ 1 — i . l r.-i . i

ganoderic acids 368

Ganoderma 353, 355 G. applanatum 352, 353, 356 G. curtisii 353, 357 G. japonicum 357

G. lucidum 32, 35, 44, 55, 113-115, 120, 123, 126, 138, 143, 152, 196, 205, 206, 210, 275, 352, 353, 355-369, 378, 421, 427 G. oregonense 50, 353, 356, 357 G. sinense 353, 357 G.tsugae 50,353, 357,359

Garden Giant Mushroom 335

Gloephyllum 14

glove boxes 93

Golden Mushroom 229, 285

Golden Oak Mushroom 259-275

Good Fortune Mushroom 356

grain spawn 85, 132-142

Grifola frondosa 370-379 G. umbellata 353, 380-385

grifolan 377

growing rooms 458, 459, 469, 471-480 Guzman, G. 327, 328

Gymnopilus luteofolius 112

G. spectabilis 38, 370

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