Of fte Geirns Hypholoma

-^^^us Hypholoma (Fries) Kummer includes severaHnterestmg speaes alUf which thrive in cold weather, not producing when temperatures exceed 60-65 F. (15-18 C* Ag '' Hprnmnnsp-s thev share similar cultural requirements, and produce a type ol XL™saprophytes I h -cultivated. Their uniquely beautiful

Zee iaTs not only fantastically rhizomorp " , but luxuriously satin-like. Ate the mycelium has -r^asever^ekre: i gPen dprecedespnmordia

■ A k» cWptipH indoor cultivation may prove more commercially feasible, witn current m^sMy»

to toe^tem^whM youngStad for the bundles of rhizomorphs radiating outwards from the stem base Jn North America the name aematoloma was used for years to delimit the fleshier species otins genus fbh^ing usage b^ Singer & 5 lith. However, H Moma has been officially conserved against N'mmatoloma whV means that only the name Hypholoma is proper to use.

Snedes ^Hypholoma are closely related to Psilocybe and ! ftvpllaria. These genera belong to the f Jnv Stfor sub-family Stropharioideae sensu Singer). They are distinguished from ^SSS of SUic features, features so subtle that many researchers ha; remarked on the usefulness of representing this group as one, enveloping macro-genus. Since

Psih yb was pubhshed first, this name would officially take precedence.

*For more information on these genera and their species, refer to my first book, Psilocybe Mushrooms & Their Allies (1978).

growth parameters 237 Hypholoma capnoides (Fries) Quelet

Introduction: Before the publication of my first book, I had a long term affection for this mushroom but never attempted eating it untv Elsie Coulter of Hayden Lake, Idaho first told me that H. capnoides was her favorite edible mushroom. When a person with the depth of knowledge of an Elsie Coulter tells you a mushroom is her choice ed;ble, you better listen!

A true saprophyte. H. capnoides is an aggressive conifer stump decomposer. One precaution is in order. Hypholoma capnc' les is not a mushroom for those unski'led in mushroom identification. Several poisonous mushrooms resemble this mushroom and inhabit the same ecological niche. I can imagine how overly enthusiastic mycophiles, in their lust for delectable fungi, could mistake

Galerina out mnalis dea ly >isonous Fjgure m Cu]tured myce]iuin of H ^^ mushroom shaung the same habitat, lor H. ^ote growth zones-capnoides. Cultivators should be forewarned that several mushroom species, inoculated or not, can inhabit a single stump or log. This danger is en^rely avoided by honing identification stills, or by growing//, capnoidei indoors on sterilized sawdust/chips.

Common Names: The Brown Gilled Clustered Wood Lover Smoky Gilled Hypholoma Elsie's Ed'ble

Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations: Hypholoma capnoides is known by many as Naematoloma capnoides (Fr.) Karst. A sister species to H. capnoides is Hypholoma fasciculare (Hudson ex Fr.) Kummer (=Naematoloma fasciculare (Fr.) Quelet), well worth knowing since it is poisonous! These two mushrooms are sometimes difficult to tell apart until the mushrooms are upturned and the gills are examined. H. capnoides has smoky brown gills whereas H. fasciculare has gills that are bright greenish yellow to dingy yellow in age. Furthermore H. fasciculare is extremely bitter flavored whereas H. capnoides is mild. Once studied, these two species can be separated with out diJ Ficulty.

Description: Cap orange to orang1 sh yellow to orangish brown to dull brown, 2-7 cm. broad at maturity. Convex with an incurved margin, soon expanding to broadly convex to almost flattened.

occasionally possessing an obtuMfel Cap margin often adorned with fine r nnant of the par ial veil so iidiippearing paleyellowii becoming buff yellow in ag e Surface sm< ;t i, moi t, and lackingTseparable gelati .us i Hide). Gills attached, soon seceding close, white at first, soon grayish and eve ally sm ray! t, purple brown in age. Stem 5-9 cm. long, enlarged at the base covered with fine hairs. alvei :ortinate, someti s leaving a faint annular zone, becoming duste purple brown with spores on the upper regions of the stem. Usually growing in clusters.

Distrib-itiotfl Widely distributed across North America, particularly corfltoo in the western U ited States Also found throughout temperate regions of Europe, probably widely distributed throughout similar ecological zones of the world.

Natural H: ib'tat: A lover of conifer wood, especially L 3u _ las fir, tl nushnx on limps o gs I often find this mushroom, along with other interesting relatives in beauty bak uLd f^landsctpi, 5 around suburban and urban buildings A »ugh not reported on alder in the wild ha* successfully grown this species on sterilized wood chips of Alms rubra.

Microscopic Features: Spores purple brown in mass, 6-7 x 4.0-4.5 p, ellipsoid smooll ^ ,th a genn f »re at one end. ( ilocystidi» pleurocystidia and clamp connections presem Context monomitic.

Available Strains: Strains are easily acquired by cloning the cap context or the flesh adjacent to-the pith located at the stem base. Some culture laboratories list this mushroom under the name ot

Naematoloma capnoides.

Figure 212. Mycelium 5 and 10

into sterilized MYPa media

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