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Growing Mushrooms at Home

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Two flushes, 10-14 days apart.

Nutritional Content: Not known to this author.

Medicinal Properties: None known, although closely related species produce unique antibiotics.

Flavor. Preparation and Cooking: Finely chopped and stir fried, cooked in a white sauce and poured onto a fish or chicken, or baked in a stuffing, this species imparts a mild but satisfying, porklike flavor.

Comments: This mushroom benefits from the application of a 1/2 inch casing directly onto the top surface layer of mycelium. However, if a condensing fog environment is provided combined with high turbulence, an even plane of primordia can form absent any casing layer. (See Figures 194-197). For cluster formation, primordia should be encouraged to appear in groups of 4-20.

This species figures as one of the best for recycling stumps in the humid southeastern United States. The willow-populated swamps of Louisiana seem like an ideal setting for the deliberate cultivation of A. aegerita. Regions of Chile, Japan and the Far East, as well as southern Europe have coincident weather patterns that should support growth.

The Shaggy Mane of the Genus Coprinus

Coprinus comatm (Muller: Fries) S.F. Gray^ ^

Introduction: Shaggy Manes have long )een a p favorite amongst mushroomers in North [ I America and Europe Easy to identify, often ■ growing in massive quantities, this ■ Ifliant L I white mushroom is hard to miss and difficult to confuse with poisonous species. Their fragile , I constitution and unique method of self-destruction, combined with their mild but excellent \ | _ U j fiavor, has made the Shaggy Mane a popular j f» " ,j. j mushroom amongst hikers and hunters

After experimenting with its cultivation. I am pleasantly surprised at how well this species adapts to a wide variety of indoor ana 01 door substrates. Although the commercial cultiva- |.E

tion of this mushroom is limited by its predisposition to disintegrate into an inky mess, this mushroom is fantastic for those who can consume it within two days of picking

Common Names: The ha gy me Figure 198. Class-c, cottony Shaggy r.lane mycelium

Maotou-Guisan (Chinese) on malt extract Taxonomic Synonyms and Considerations: Coprinus comatus «¡considered a taxonomically " -lea ' specie s by most mycologists and can be accurately identified by sight. Description- Cir 4-10 (15) cm. high by 3-4 (5) cm. .hick, verticall] «long, d * brown at first soon white and decorated with ascending scales. Gills crowded, white to pale, lo j roadk d tSXetot tern Stem 6-12(15 cm.) long by 1-2 cm. thick, equal, hoi ow, bulbous Cand« nr witham .able men ranous collar-like n, mar-in as the mushrooms enlarge. As the mushrooms mature, the gills blacken, or deliquesce tr^sforming into a blac sipore-ladened fluid which drips from the rapidly receding cap margin. The cap eventually totally recedes, leaving only the stem

Distribution: Growing in the late summer and fall throughout the temperate regions of the world. Natural Habitat: In lawns, meadows, around barnyards, in wood chips along roadsides, and in enriched soils

Microscopic Features: Spores black, 11-15 x 6. 0-8. 5 p, ellipsoid, with a germ pore at one end. Subhymenium cellular.

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