Euphoria. Anxiety. Clumsiness. Forgetfulness. Hunger. Pain relief. Creative thinking. Panic attacks. Racing heart. Mouth dryness. Bloodshot eyes. Paranoia. Relaxation. Tiredness. Sensory awareness. Poor coordination. Uncontrollable laughter.
The short-term effects of marijuana are extremely variable, unpredictable, and temporary. Just as each person looks different, each person's biochemistry is different. Two people can respond differently to the same dose of the same drug, and an individual can even feel different effects from the same dose of marijuana from one experience to the next. One person may feel euphoric (having an exaggerated feeling of well-being) after smoking marijuana and feel very positive about the experience, and another may feel similar sensations, yet feel disoriented. Most of the phenomena of marijuana are directly dose-related and individual, so it is difficult to categorize its physical and psychological effects.
There are probably as many descriptions of the physical and psychological effects of marijuana as there are people who use it. Some of the more common physical effects from smoking or eating marijuana are rapid heart beat, dry mouth, bloodshot eyes, increased hunger, slower coordination, difficulty in following a train of thought, and short-term memory loss. Many studies support THC's medicinal capacity to ease pain and nausea, decrease ocular pressure, and control convulsions. Typical psychological effects are anxiety, panic attacks, feelings of paranoia, confusion, relaxation and stress
As Harry and Rod walked toward their high school, Harry seemed out of sorts. "Want to smoke a bowl before class?" he asked. Rod smiled and nodded. The boys ducked into an alley next to a dry cleaner about a block from school. Harry pulled a wooden pipe out of his back pocket, and Rod shook his head, "You are takin' chances, man! Anyone could of seen that in your pocket there!" Harry smirked and pulled a lighter out of his backpack. He packed the bowl with pot and handed the pipe to Rod. After a few hits, Rod exhaled loudly and leaned against the brick-faced building.
"So, what's up? Why the gloom and doom face?"
Harry grimaced and shrugged his shoulders nonchalantly. "They're gonna hold me back if my grades don't get better— so what? That counselor says I've gotta stop smoking . . . and he knows . . . so what?" Harry laughed and faked a punch to Rod's gut. "Let's get outta here. Old Ms. Frannie'll have our skin for being late again to homeroom!"
Harry and Rod may not know that they could be smoking their future away. Marijuana has been shown to affect short-term memory and learning functions of the brain. Also, a person who is high has difficulty learning and retaining important information while in school. If Harry and Rod get arrested for possessing or using pot, they may not be eligible for student loans, small business loans, farm subsidies, or government grants. This could affect their future ability to attend college or start up a business.
The short-term effects of marijuana use include an impairment of short-term memory and learning. A survey of 12- to 17-year-old students found a correlation between past-year marijuana use and lower grade averages. However, this survey did not take into consideration possible pre-existing behavioral problems that may have also influenced grade averages.
reduction, and increased awareness for music, joy, and sensory experiences.
Consequences of the short-term effects of marijuana can greatly influence a teen's future life. Short-term acute effects describe a condition that is temporary and short-lived; long-term chronic effects are cumulative and can last a lifetime. Many studies document the acute and chronic health consequences of smoking marijuana. For instance, there are consistent reports that marijuana temporarily impairs short-term memory and learning. This is confirmed by users of marijuana outside the laboratory, in which many people report that a marijuana high affects their ability to concentrate on one thing and to sustain a train of thought. These studies suggest that in real-world structured settings, such as the classroom, marijuana is very likely to have similar effects. One cannot predict with assurance the long-term effect of going to school and getting high, but it is reasonable to assume that a student who consistently attends school while high will likely not be able to retain the valuable information needed for future endeavors, including college or professional enterprise.
It is also worth noting that there are no assurances that any given quantity of marijuana is "pure." Marijuana sprayed with herbicides or pesticides can be toxic and is thus capable of causing serious long-term health effects. Paraquat, for instance, is a very poisonous herbicide used to kill unwanted plants. In 1975, American drug enforcement authorities encouraged Mexican officials to spray paraquat on illegal marijuana fields. Despite this, the sprayed marijuana was still harvested and smuggled into the United States for sale. This spraying program has since been halted.
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