Appendix

inbreeding: the process of breeding solely within the seed lot with no external pollen inputs induce; to effect, cause, or influence via stimulation: A 12-hour photoperiod stimulates flowering.

inductive photoperiod: daylength required to stimulate flowering inert: a substance that will not chemically react. Inert growing mediums make it easy to control the chemistry of the nutrient solution, inflorescence: a cluster of flowers insecticide: a product that kills or inhibits insects intensity: the amount or strength of light energy per unit or area: Intensity decreases the further away from the source, intersex: a single individual expressing both staminate and pistillate flowers intersexual: having sexual characteristics of both the typical male and typical female plants introgress: to incorporate or add a trait to a given population, without otherwise altering the significant characteristic of the population jacket: protective outer bulb or envelope of lamp kif: Moroccan word for cannabis plants and flowers. It is also the Moroccan term for a mix of tobacco and cannabis which is smoked. Kif does not mean Moroccan hash. Kilowatt hour (kWh): measure of electricity £ used per hour: A 1000-watt HID uses one kilowatt per hour, landrace: is a (wild) cannabis variety that is not improved by humans leach: to dissolve or wash out sol- Limbing

humus: dark, fertile, partially decomposed plant or animal matter: Humus forms the organic portion of the soil.

hybrid: an offspring from two plants of different breeds, variety, or genetic Hybrid vigor. make-up hybrid vigor: greater strength and health or faster rate of growth in the offspring resulting from the cross-breeding of two gene pools hybridizing: see cross-pollination hydrogen: light, colorless, odorless, highly flammable gas: Hydrogen combines with oxygen to form water, hydroponics: growing plants in nutrient solutions without soil, usually in an inert soilless mix hygrometer: instrument for measuring rela-t i v e humidity in the atmosphere: A hygrometer will save time, frustration, and money. IAA: Indoles c e t i c acid, a plant hormone that stimulates growth IBL: inbred line h 4

Inductive photoperiod 12 hours day/night.

uble components of soil by heavy watering leader: see meristem leggy: plant that is abnormally tail, with few leaves: usually caused by lack of light life cycle: a series of growth stages through which cannabis must pass in its natural lifetime: The stages are seed, seedling, vegetative, and floral, light mover: a device that moves a lamp back and forth or in a circular path across the ceiling of a grow room to provide more balanced light limbing: cutting off lower, seco n d a r y plant branches to encourage prion a r y growth lime: calcium compounds such as dolomite or hydrated lime that determine or alter soil pH level litmus paper: chemically sensitive paper used to indicate pH levels in colorless liquids loam: organic soil mixture of crumbly clay, silt, and sand locus: a position on a chromosome where a specific gene is located. Plural: loci lumen: measurement of light output: One lumen is equal to the amount of light emitted by one candle that falls on one square foot of surface located one foot away from one candle, macronutrient: one or all of the primary nutrients N-P-K (nitrogen, phosphorus, or potassium) or the secondary nutrients Mg (magnesium) and Ca (calcium) manicure: trim leaves and large stems from buds with scissors or fine pruners so the most THC-potent portion remains marijuana: cannabis; illegal drug in many countries, ingested for its THC content meristem: leader: plant tissue from which new cells are formed; the active growing tip of a root or stem meristem pruning: cutting away the growth lip to encourage branching and limit height micron: one-millionth of a meter. The symbol

"p" is used to denote micron, micronutrients: trace elements necessary for plant health, including S, Fe, Mn, 13, Mb, Zn, and Cu millimeter: 0.04 inch mist: to manufacture rain with the help of a spray bottle moisture meter: electronic device that measures the moisture content of a substrate at any given point monoecious: having male and female reproductive systems or flowers on the same plant monoecious: an individual plant having both staminate and pistillate flowers. A monoecious population consists of plants expressing flowers of both genders, monochromatic: producing only one color: LP

sodium lamps are monochromatic, morphology: the study of the form and structure of animals and plants Mother Nature: the vast outdoors and all she holds: The indoor horticulturist assumes the role of Mother Nature, mother plant: female marijuana plant held in vegetative state and used for cutting (cloning) stock: A mother plant may be grown from seed or be a clone, mulch: a protective covering for the soil of compost, old leaves, paper, rocks, etc.: Indoors, mulch keeps soil too moist and possible fungus

Necrosis

APPENDIX

Nade

could result. Outdoors, mulch helps soil retain and attract moisture, mutation: an inheritable change in genetic material mycelium: the mass of strands that form the root-like part of fungi, often submerged in soil or a host body nanometer (rim): 0.000000001 meter, one billionth of a meter, nm is used as a scale to measure electromagnetic wavelengths of light: Color and light spectrums are expressed in nanometers, necrosis/necrotic; localized death of a plant part due to injury or disease nitrogen (N): essential element to plant growth; one of the three major nutrients N-P-K

node: a joint: the position on a stem from which leaves, shoots, or flowers grow N-P-K: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium:

the three major plant nutrients nursery: gardening business that grows plants for sale or experimentation: A nursery is a great place to gather information, nutrient: plant food, essential elements N-P-K as well as secondary and trace elements fundamental to sustaining plant life Ohms Power Law: a law that expresses the strength of an electric current: Volts x Amperes = Watts, open pollination: pollination that occurs naturally, as opposed to controlled pollination, no effect of selection from human interference optimum: 1. the most favorable condition for growth and reproduction 2. peak production organic: 1. made of, derived from, or related to living organisms: Growers of organic cannabis use fertilizers and insect control methods of animal or vegetable origin.

Unaltered rock powders are also considered organic.

osmosis: the equalizing movement of fluids through a semi-permeable membrane, such as in a living cell outbreeding: breeding between individual cannabis plants that are not closely related outcross: the process of breeding using individuals outside of the family, population, or group overload: load to excess: An electrical circuit that uses more than 80 percent of its potential is overloaded. A 20 amp circuit drawing 17 amps is overloaded, ovule: egg which contains the female genes and is found within the plant ovary: When fertilized, an ovule will grow into a seed, oxygen: tasteless, colorless, odorless element: Plants need oxygen in the soil in order to grow.

parasite: organism that lives on or in another host organism without benefiting the host: Fungus is a parasite, passive: hydroponic system that moves the nutrient solution through absorption or capillary action pathogen: a disease-causing micro-organism, especially bacteria, fungi, and viruses peat: partially decomposed vegetation (usually moss) with slow decay due to extreme moisture, cold, and acidic conditions perennial: a plant, such as a tree or shrub, that completes its life cycle over several years perlite: amendment of sand or volcanic glass expanded by heat, which aerates the soil or growth medium pH: a scale from 0- M that measures a growing medium's (or anything's) acid to alkaline balance: a pH of 7 is neutral, lower numbers indicate increasing acidity, and higher numbers increasing alkalinity: Cannabis grows best in a 6.5 to 8 pH range. pH tester: electronic instrument or chemical used to measure the acid or alkaline balance in soil or water phenotype: the outward form, characteristic, and appearance of a plant, determined by the interaction of the individual genotype with the environment phloem: the food- and water-conducting tissue of vascular plants phosphor coating: internal fluorescent bulb coating that diffuses light and affects various color outputs phosphorus (P); one of the macronutrients that promote root and flower growth photoperiod: the relationship between the length of light and dark in a 24-hour period; affects the growth and maturity of cannabis photosynthesis: the building of chemical compounds (carbohydrates that plants need for growth) from light energy, water, and C02 phototropism: the environmental response movement of a plant part toward or away from a light source phyllotaxy: the arrangement of leaves on a stem, and the principles that govern such arrangement phytotron: a completely enclosed indoor area with extensive environmental controls for the experimental growth (and study) of plants pigment: the substance in paint or anything that absorbs light, producing (reflecting) the same color as the pigment pistillate: female; having pistils but no functional stamens pistils: small pair of fuzzy white hairs extending from top of female calyx: Pistils catch pollen and channel it into contact with the ovule for fertilization.

pod, seed; a dry calyx containing a mature or maturing seed ' pollen: fine, yellow, dust-like microspores containing male genes pollen sack: male flower containing pollen pollination: the transfer of male pollen from the anther to the stigma of the same or a different flower to fertilize ovules which produce seeds polyhybrid cross: a hybrid plant crossbred for more than one trait pot: I. container for growing medium 2.

American slang word for marijuana potbound: root system that is bound, stifled, or inhibited from normal growth by a too-small container potassium (K): one of the macronutrients necessary for plant life potent: capable of wielding strong physiological or chemical effects: marijuana rich in THC that provides a desirable psychoactive effect power surge: interruption or change in flow of electricity predatory insect: beneficial insect or parasite that hunts down and devours harmful insects primordia: belonging to or characteristic of the earliest stage of development of an organism or a part progeny: one born of, begotten by, or derived from another; an offspring or a descendant: offspring or descendants considered as a group propagate: I. sexual propagation: to produce a seed by breeding a male and female plant 2. asexual propagation: to produce a plant by cloning pruning: trimming branches or parts of plants to strengthen those that remain, or bring shape to the pfant Punnett square: a tool developed by British geneticist, Reginald Punnett, used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring

Root bound plant.

Photosynthesis

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) pipe: plastic pipe that is easy to work with, readily available, and used to transport liquid and air pyrethrum: natural insecticide made from the blossoms of various chrysanthemums RH: relative humidity: see humidity, relative radicle: the part of a plant seedling that develops into a root, the root tip recovery: hydroponic system that reclaims the nutrient solution and recycles it rejuvenation: a mature plant, having completed its life cycle (flowering) that is stimulated by a new 18-hour photoperiod, to rejuvenate or produce new vegetative growth resin glands: tiny pores that secrete resin retting: to moisten or soak in order to soften and separate the fibers from the woody tissue by partial rotting root: 1, the underground part of a plant: Roots function to » -

absorb water and ' ^

as well as ii^S'^Sii^SSe'i*^^? J anchor a kl&J^

Sea of Green.

ground. 2.

to root (start) a cutting or clone root hormone: root-inducing substance rootbound: see potbound roguing: to weed out inferior, diseased, or undesirable plants Irom a crop, field, or population area salt: crystalline compound that results from improper pH or toxic build-up of fertilizer: Salt will burn plants, preventing them from absorbing nutrients, scion: the shoot (containing buds) that is used for grafting

SCROG: screen of green: a growing method which involves training cannabis shoots onto a net, trellis, or chicken wire scuff: to scrape and roughen the surface: Seeds with a hard outer shell germinate faster when scuffed. Seal-a-meal: airtight sealer for plastic baggies used to seal in freshness of pungent marijuana secondary nutrients: calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg). Ca and Mg are considered to be primary nutrients by some sources, seed: the mature, fertilized ovule of a pistillate plant, containing a protective shell, embryo, and supply of food: A seed will germinate and grow, given heat and moisture, selfing: to fertilize with pollen from the same flower or plant; self-pollination senescence: the (declining) growth stage in a plant or plant part from its prime to death sexual propagation: in plants, the reproduction by means of seed following fertilization shake: slang term for "Bunk," lower growth, or least potent portion of harvest: small particles of cannabis broken off the main "nug" inside a bag due to rough handling: Many times, shake is flaked or powder-like and used for cooking, short circuit: condition that results when wires cross arid form a circuit. A short circuit will trip breaker switches and blow fuses, sinsemilla: two Spanish words: sin = without, semilla = seed, combined into one word by Americans: Sinsemilla describes potent marijuana from flowering female cannabis plants kept seedless by preventing pollination in order to promote a high THC content, soap: 1. cleaning agent 2. wetting agent 3. insecticide: All soap used in horticulture should be biodegradable, socket: threaded, wired holder for a lightbulb SOG: Sea of Green: a method of growing tightly spaced cloned plantlets. The clones are flowered almost immediately after rooting for a small yield per plant, but no wasted space, soilless mix: a growing medium made up of mineral particles such as vermiculite, perlite, sand, pumice, etc.: Organic moss is often a component of soilless mix, soluble: able to be dissolved in liquid, especially water solution: 1. a mixture of two or more solids, liquids, or gases, often with water 2. answer to a problem sponge rock: large pieces of perlite, a light, mineral soil amendment spore: seed-like offspring of certain bacteria, fungi, algae, and some nonflowering plants sprout: 1. a shoot of a plant, as from a recently germinated seed 2. small, new growth of leaf or stem square feet (sq. ft): length x width; a measurement of area stagnant: motionless air or water: for healthy cannabis growth, water must drain and not become stagnant stamen: the male floral organ, bearing the anther, which produces pollen to fertilize female flowers staminate: male, pollen-producing flower having stamens but no pistils sterilize: to make super clean by removing dirt, germs, and bacteria; disinfect pruning tools to avoid spreading disease stigma: the tip of the flower's pistil, which receives the pollen stigmatic: the portion of the pistil on which the pollen germinates stipule: one of a pair of small, leaf-like appendages found at the base of the leafstalk of many plants stomata: small mouth-like or nose-like openings on leaf underside, responsible for transpiration and many other life functions: The millions of stomata must be kept very clean to function properly, strain: 1. ancestry, lineage, phenotype, a particular type of cannabis having the same characteristics stress: a physical or chemical factor that causes extra exertion by plants, usually by restricting fluid flow to foliage: A stressed plant will grow poorly, substrate: the medium on which an organism lives, as soil, soilless mix, rock, etc. sugar: food product of a plant sump: a reservoir that receives drainage; a drain or receptacle for hydro-ponic nutrient solutions used for growing cannabis super bloom: a common name for fertilizer high in phosphorus and u, . ,, , 1 , fcrmtnal bud.

potassium that promotes flower formation and growth synthesis: the production of a substance, such as chlorophyll, by uniting light energy, elements, or chemical compounds taproot: the main or primary root that grows from the seed: Lateral roots will branch off the taproot.

taxonomy: classification of plants and animals according to their family relationships Teflon tape: tape that is extremely useful to help seal all kinds of threaded pipe joints. I like Teflon tape better than putty, tepid water: lukewarm 70-80"F (21-27"C) water: Always use tepid water around plants to facilitate chemical processes and ease shock.

terminal bud: the growth tip of main stem or branch terpene: hydrocarbons found in essential oils (resins) produced by plants; gives the resin a strong aroma testa: the hard outer covering of a seed THC: tetrahydrocannibinol: physiologically active ingredient which is the primary intoxicant in marijuana THCV: tetrahydrocannabivarol: a psychoactive chemical found in cannabis thermostat: a device for regulating temperature: A thermostat may control a heater, furnace, or vent fan.

Wi ter SEVENTEEN

timer: an electrical device for regulating pho-toperiod, fan, etc.: A timer is a must in all grow rooms, toxic life: the amount of time a pesticide or fungicide remains active or live transformer: a device in the ballast that transforms electric current from one voltage to another.

transpire: to give off water vapor and by-products via the stomata on leaves transplant: to uproot a plant and root ball and replant it in new soil trellis; a frame of small boards (lattice) that trains or supports plants trellising: method of restricting plant growth or altering its shape and size by tying plant to lattice work or wire screen trichome: resin-secreting plant hair triploid: having three sets of chromosomes within each eel!, may contribute to increased vigor tungsten: a heavy, hard metal with a high melting point that conducts electricity well: Tungsten is used for a filament in tungsten halogen lamps, ultraviolet: light with very short wavelengths, out of the far blue visible spectrum variety: distinct strain, phenotype (see strain) vascular: referring to a plant's circulatory system which carries sap throughout the body of the plant vector: I. an organism (as an insect) that transmits disease, a pathogen 2. an organism that transmits genes, a pollinator vegetative: growth stage in which cannabis rapidly produces new leafy growth and green chlorophyll vent: an opening such as a window or door that allows the circulation of fresh air ventilation: circulation of fresh air, fundamental to a healthy indoor garden: An exhaust fan creates ventilation, vermiculite: mica processed and expanded by heat: Vermiculite is a soil amendment and medium for rooting cuttings.

APPENDIX

vitamin Bl: vitamin that is absorbed by tender root hairs, easing transplant wilt and shock weed: 1. slang word for marijuana 2. any undesirable plant: One person's weed is another person's flower! wetting agent: a compound that reduces the droplet size and lowers the surface tension of the water, making it wetter: Liquid concentrate dish soap is a good wetting agent if it is biodegradable, whorl: where three or more leaves or petals arise from the same point and form a circle around it whorled phyllotaxy: three or more leaves or branches located at each node along the branches and stems: People often confuse the term whorled phyllotaxy with the condition, triploidy (a chromosomal anomaly), wick: the part of a passive watering system the nutrient passes up to be absorbed by the medium and roots: A passive hydroponic system uses a wick suspended in the nutrient solution.

wilt: J. to become limp from lack of water 2.

plant disease/disorder wire ties: paper-coated wire ties are excellent for tying down or training plants xylem: vascular tissue that transports water and minerals from the roots throughout the stems and leaves Zero Zero (hash): top-quality, first-sieve hash

INDEX

Bndex

trichoderma 47,57,56, 317

baffling noise or light 141, 220, 330

Index note: Index headings are in boldface. Text

ballasts

preceding Chapter One or succeeding Chapter

about 183, 193-(196)-199, 212-216, 219-220,

Seventeen is not Indexed, except for a lew specific

332, 463

references to the Introduction and to photos used in

electronic 195,207,208,210

the glossary. Page references shown in color include

fluorescent 205-208, 210-214

photos or illustrations as well as text.

metal halide 192, 191, ¡97, 201, 205, 212 sodium 194, 197, 201-203, 205

acids 15, 134, 228, 264, 310, 344

basements 108-tlt, 216, 240, 24!, 332

absdsic 285, 286

beds 178,180,189,231,241,242,301

fulvlc 228, 286, 288

growing 120, 189, 297-299

gibberellic 286, 288

raised 59,132,135,136,241,242

hydrochloric 344, 419

bending 60,61,65,66

aeroponics 48, 52, 305, 306

birds 113, 114

afgham'ca see under Cannabis

bleach 19,314,358,359,362,370

air

blights 360, 381, 387

circulation 62,97-99, 111, !I3 115, 163, 195,

blood meal I35, 111, 259, 7.73

324, 325, 326, 341

blooming see flowers and flowering

in growing mediums 298, 299-300, 306, 319,

blowers see fans

334,

bone meal 260,272-274,317

in nutrient solution 299, 300, 301, 303-301, 319

boron (B) 258,268,272,285,316

in soil 221,275,288,301,306,318

Botrytis 94, 353, 379, 381-(382)-383, 389, 412

in water 247, 251

bract 15, 74, 78,104, 429

temperature, ambient 331-333, 334

branch

see also carbon dioxide; humidity; ventilation

inlernodes 5, 75, 78

air conditioners 97, 333, 336, 337

tips 5,61,63,67,74,238

alcohol 417-419,422

brandling 72, 261, 337

rubbing (isopropyl) 61, 95, 198, 362, 419

breeding 425-427, 429-431, 434, 435-437, 139-

alkalinity 134, 224, 225, 226, 251, 255

415,451-457

soil 225, 250, 259, 265-267

backcrossing 454,455,156

see also phi

populations 439, 445, ISO, 453, 451

alkaloids 258,287

programs 12, 425, 426, 439, 443, 452, 457

alleles 437-439,444

true-breeding 438, 439, 444, 455, 456

aluminum foil 99, 115, 188, 212

bud mold see Botrylis

amendments 131, 233, 231

buds 62, 64-66, 79, 92-(103)-l04, 430

amperes (amps) I9l, 198, 212-215, 218, 221

dried/drying 86,94, 96-98, 99-103, 154

animals 139, M1, 145, 152, 386

manicuring 87, 88, 91-(95)-97

antifeedants 361, 363

terminal 4, 63, 61, 79, 152, 471

ants 360, 372, 376

see also flowers and {lowering

aphids 143, 363-367, 372, 379, 386-388

bulbs see specific lamps

arc tubes 192, 193, 198,200-203,210

burns

aroma/fragrance 86,96, 103,401,419,431,442

'from fertilizer or nutrients 113, 132, 138, 219,

aspirin 228, 286

255, 257, 259, 268, 317

attics 108, 110, 111,254,351

light burn ll 3, 255, 257, 347

auxins 2, 46, 62, 63, 266, 286-288

calcium carbonate I34, 227, 307

Bacillus (huringiensis (Bt) 358, 359

calcium (Ca) 263, 264

backcrossing see under breeding

deficiency/excess 139, 263, 261

bacteria 49, 133, 230, 236, 261, 273, 286, 289,

calyxes 77-(78)-79, 81, 104,429,435

313, 358, 359

cambium 48, 53

compost and 133,230,273,289

cannabinoids 5, 11, 11, 72

| 476

INDEX

Cannabis

hydroponics 42, 60, 160, 233, 243, 257, 294,

alghanica 10, 12-(13)-14

297-298, 301-302

indica 11-(12)-13, 91, 153, 566, 174, 175, 355,

sfiape/size/type 148, 228-237, 230-244

396, 412, 435

walls of 59,147,243-246,248

ruderatis 10,12-(13)-14, 173

contaminants 406,410,412,418,42!

saliva 10, i), 227

conversion bulbs 192, 197, 203-205

carbohydrates 4, 43

copper (Cu) 212, 228, 258, 267, 269, 360, 364

carbon dioxide (CO:) 4, 122, 324, 325, 326, 337,

dcficicncy/excess 267, 269, 360

339-341

copper hydroxide 67, 69, 246

enrichment 163, 337-<339)-341, 459

copper sulfate 269, 358

caterpillars 143, 358, 373, 374

copper wire 194, 212

cations 238,346

cotyledon 16, 20-(21)-22, 72

CEC (cation exchange capacity) 238

crime 109,216,237

cells

cross-pollination see under pollen and pollination;

division of 261,268,287,289

see also hybridizing

sex 45,427,437,451,

cultivars 445,446

CFL (compact fluorescent lamp) 39, 181, 184,

curing 86,100,101,103

207-(209)-2I3. 304

cuttings see cloncs and cloning

characters 427, 444-456

cutworms 145, 234, 237, 359

checklist 163

cytokines 2, 23, 46, 69, 287, 289

Chimera 426

damping-off 19, 20, 24, 45, 232, 359, 38l-(382)-

chlorine 56, 138, 249-251, 268

383

chlorophyll 4, 3/9, 38, 57, 170, 206, 379

dehiscence 428, 432, 452

chlorosis 265-267, 465

dehumidifiers 97, 336, 337, 380

chromosomes 437,451, 457

dioecy 428

Clarke, Robert Connell see Intro, 10, 387, 400

diploids 457

clay

diseases 49, 53, 70, 273, 353-357, 379, 381, 383-

expanded 301, 306, 307-308, 313-315

385, 387, 391, 392

soils 131, 132, 134, 135

disinfectants 359, 362

climate 98, 115, 116, 127, 129, 130,450

DNA 41,260,437

control of 119, 380

dogs 144, 145, 151,275,354

climate maps 130

drainage 132-134, 224, 229-231, 241-(242)-243,

clones and cloning 5, 39, 41-49, 51, 54, 55, 57,

295-299, 306-300

337

dry ice 102,339,344

step-by-step 49-53

drying 4, 57, 86, 94, 96, 98-103, 127, 154, 162,

cloning for sex 55, 78

235, 246

coco peat see coconut coir

ducting 1B5, 327-330, 348-351

coconut coir 234, 235, 240, 307, 313,

Dumay, Joop 91, 93

cola 79,430,465

EC (electrical conductivity) 250, 256, 311-313,

cold frames 113-(115)-t18, 120, 123

317

color spectrum 171, 192, 199,201,205

electrical circuit 191, 212, 215, 217, 221

color corrected temperature (CCT) 170, 171

electrical outlets 196, 214-216, 221

color rendering index (CR1) 170,171

electrical wires 191, 215

companion planting 355

electricity

compost 136, 235-(236)-237, 272

breaker box/switch 212, 213, 215, 216, 219,

indoor use of 237

221

mushroom 229, 230, 264

capacitor 192, 194, 195, 199, 203

teas 273, 274, 277

consumption of 216-218

containers 66-(67)-69, 122-123,237-246,251-

fuses tind fuse box 212, 213, 215, 221

(253)-255

ground wirt; 212, 215, 221, 319

drainage for 233, 242-243

voltage 193, 196, 203, 214, 216-217

Ohms Power L.iw 198

477

INDEX

Electricity Overload Chart 212,221

garden calendar 163-169

electrodes 203, 207, 245, 307, 313, 341

garlic 361, 362, 374

embolisms 45, 46

gene pool 443

Epsom salts 262-264

generators 218, 220, 338, 341-343, 348

ethylene 69, 287, 339, 451

negative ion 345

expanded clay 301, 306-(307)-308, 313-315

ozone 110,343,345-348,351

fans 113,119,326-331,333,348-351

genes 14, 15, 427, 437, 450, 454-457

in-line 324, 328-330, 349

genotypes 437,438,450,451,455

roof 110, 327

germination 15-19, 23, 137, 270, 288, 289, 429,

female plants 5, 38-41, 74-(77)-81, 104-106, 427-

435

431, 434-436, 450-452

gibberellins 2, 46, 68

flowers 8,14,72,79,427,431

girdling 145, 468

ovules 74,79,89,427,429,451

glandular trichomes see resin glands

pistils 74, 78-79, 86, 92, 427, 430, 433, 435

gravel 297, 301, 307, 308, 313-314, 319

feminized seed 451, 452

greenhouses 113-114, 115-124,320,332,337-

fertigation 254

378, 384, 392, 455

fertilization see pollen and pollination

ground wires see under electricily

fertilizers and fertilizing

grow rooms 108-109

chemical 86, 271, 282, 316

step-by-step 110-113

hydroponic 259, 264-265, 271, 272, 315

growers

organic 131, 135, 137, 256, 271, 272, 274, 277,

guerilla 95, 131, 139, 140, 149, 150, 154

289, 316, 317

organic 230, 242, 285, 317

water-soluble 8, 137, 153, 166, 259, 261, 264,

outdoor 19, 227, 273

270, 271, 280, 282

growing mediums 51, 229-230, 235-238, 265,

see also leaching; overfertiliialion;

277, 295-299, 304-309, 313-(314)-317

specific nutrients

growth rate 10, 92, 161, 256, 331-332, 370, 442,

filters 249, 254, 300, 341, 34 6, 340, 349

453-454, 467

fish emulsion 259, 275

guano 230,272,273,275,317

fish meal 274, 275

guerilla growing see under growers

flowering 72-77,79-83, 122-124, 173-175

gynoecious 451, 452

cycle of 12, 229, 285, 436, 450-452

haploid 457

females 55, 77, 88, 104, 125, 130, 149

harden ing-off 60, 131

inducing of 61, 74-76, 79, 8«, 92, 124, 173, 174

harvesting 86,94,106,128,155,167

prevention of 124, 174-175

male plants 08, 89

soil temperature and 229

sinsemilla 88, 89

flowers

seeds 104-105

pistillate 428,430

hash/hashish 13, 88, 95, 97, 393-(396)-401, 403-

staminale 5, 74, 428, 450, 452

407, 409-415, 417-423

fluorescent lamps 53, 60, 205-(209)-2l0

hand-rubbed 95,395, 396

CFL (compact fluorescent lamp) 39, 181, 184,

pressed 405, 419, 420, 422

207-(209, 210)-2U, 213, 304

water-extracted 198, 395, 396, 401, 405, 408,

flushing see leaching

418-420

foliar feeding 261, 283, 204, 285, 321

HASHISH! 400,423,424

foot-candles 171, 173, 177, 179, 182

heat see temperature

Fran It, Mel see Intro

heat stress 243, 255, 256

freezing 155, 333,-395

heatvent 100, 111,321,332

fungal attacks and prevention 17, 24, 253, 259,

heating pads/mats/cables 19, 52, 120, 191, 228,

325, 336, 354, 355, 375, 300

319

fungicides 17, 24, 45, 269, 325, 357-360, 362,

hemp 11, 145, 146, 445

366, 380, 391

Hemp D/seoses and Pests see Intro, 10, 365, 392

fungistats 357, 359

hermaphrodites 14, 72, 76, 78, 79, 81, 174, 228,

gametes 427, 429, 457

428

1 47B

Eâ 1 - INDEX

hertz (Hz) 213

Internet 22,130,180,209

heterozygous 43, 438

intersex 450, 452

HID (high intensity discharge) lamps 175-( 176)-

interveinal yellowing 263, 264

177, 191-194, 196-198, 200, 203, 205-

iron (Fe) 256, 258, 267

200, 211, 212, 216, 217, 221, 222, 239

deficiency 261,266-267

homozygous 438, 441, 456, 457

see also chlorosis

honeydew 372, 376, 379, 386

irrigation 137, 139, 161, 243, 251, 254, 289, 301,

hoods and reflcctors 177-188, 190, 192, 194,

304, 319, 320

196-197, 207-208, 210, 212, 213, 222

drip 138, 254-255, 289, 300, 320

horizontal reflective hoods 159, 184, 185, 188,

pH lor 226

213

Jiffy pot/pellet 2,18,53,154

hormones 2, 16, 18, 24, 43-49, 51, 63, 285, 287

lielvin temperatures 170, 171, 206, 207, 212

llorat 55,61,63,64

kerosene 341, 342

root-inducing 44, 4G, 47, 48, 50, 51

kilowatt (kW) 213,214,216

hoses 112,254,283,301

kilowatt-hour (kWh) 181, 185, 214, 217

HP (high pressure) sodium lamps 172, 192, 194,

lacewings 372

198, 201-205,211,220

ladybugs 143,360

humic acids 228, 265, 288, 317

lamp spacing see specific lamps

humidifiers 336

lamps 172, 175-185, 187-203, 205-222

humidistats 330, 336, 355

sec also conversion bulbs; CFL; MID; HP sodium;

humidity 304-307

LP sodium

control of 51,97,333,335,336,355

laws/law enforcement see intra, 100, 109, 155,

high levels of 20, 103, 112, 253, 257, 283, 324,

216, 230, 237,271,444

331, 332, 397

lea citing 49, 86, 138, 227, 242, 251, 259-261, 264,

low levels of 23, 335

266, 314-316

humus 131, 133, 233, 237

leaf spot 384,386,380

hybrid vigor 43, 444, 469

leaf mold 234, 272

hybridizing 427, 439, 454-456

see also fungal attacks and prevention

hybrids 14, 43, 444, 445, 452

leggy (stretched) plants

hydrochloric acid see under acids

see stem elongation

hydrogen (H) 258

life cycle of cannabis 2, 8, 72, 75

hydroponics

light

mediums 294, 306-(307)-309, 315

distance 152, 1 13, 175-178, 216

nutrients 227, 263, 272, 309-310, 313, 315-317,

intensity 123, 177, 179-102, 189

318

photoperiod 73, 74, 77-79, 105-106, 124, 170-

systems 233, 295-305

(I73)-I75, 220-222

see also containers; fertilizers; NFT; reservoirs

reflective 183, 185-(187)-I88, 195

hygrometers 114, 331, 335, 336

spectrum 170-171, 175, 192, 204-206, 214

Ice-O-Lator bags 400, 401-405, 414-417

daylight 205

Ice-O-Lator hash 88, 400, 401, 405, 406-410

fluorescent 208,211

illumination see light

ultraviolet light 68, 123, 193, 198, 199, 206, 265,

inbred lines (IBL) 443, 444, 452-455

346

inbreeding 427,444,453,454,456

see also specific lamps

selfing 456, 457

light meters 122, 123, 171

inbreeding depression 453, 454

light movers 177, 189-191

incandescent lamps 52, 124, 210-211, 214

lime 134, 360, 362, 364, 366, 377

indica see under Cannabis

dolomite 134, 136, 225-227, 262, 263, 272, 274

insecticides 166, 274, 284, 357, 358, 362, 363,

hydrated 227, 231, 251, 263, 362

371

litmus paper 226

insects 126, 131, 143, 144, 230, 255, 257, 259,

loopers 373, 374

325, 334, 354-(356)-370

LP (low pressure) sodium lamps 211-212

prevention/control of 143, 354-(370)-379

479

INDEX

lumens-per-watt (Ipw) 179, 180, 192, 203-205,

nodes (internodes) 5, 19, 49, 64, 74, 203

211

N-P-K sec macronutrients; nitrogen; phosphorus;

macronutrients 258, 262, 263, 270, 317

potassium

sec also nitrogen; phosphorus; potassium

nutrients sec macronutrients; micronutrients

maggots 358, 359, 374-378

odor control 86,97, 110,345-349,351,389

magnesium (Mg) 225, 227, 248, 219, 251, 258,

Ohms Power Law 198

260-264, 266,

organic gardening 272, 286

deficiency/excess 262, 263

amendments

132, 234

male plants 20, 73-(75)-77, 87-89, 146, 154, 395,

composts 236

426,428,431,451

fertilizers 131, 137, 256, 271, 272, 274, 277, 289,

harvesting 88,89

316,

317

pollen 75, 76, 79, 80, 432, 433

nutrients 135, 229, 234, 272, 316, 317

pre-flowers 3, 4, 74-76, 77, 81, 88, 89, 432, 450,

teas 273

451

osmosis 86, 248-250, 251

manganese (Mn) 261, 264-267, 269, 272, 316

outbreeding aid outcrossing 453, 454

deficiency 266, 267

outdoor gardening challenges 130, 132, 142,

manicuring 87, 88, 94-97, 99

154, 234, 236, 299, 314, 319

marijuana see Cannabis

see also animals; security; climate

Marijuana Botany see Intro

outdoor gardens, transplanting 22, 131, 133, 135,

Marijuana Grower's Guide see intro

137, 139, 141, 143, 145, 147, 149

McPartland, John see Intro, 10, 276, 387

outdoor strains

127, 129

mealybugs 361, 376, 386

overfertiliration 234, 255, 270, 282-284, 321

medical marijuana see Intro

overwatering

19, 165,228,252-253,257,288,

mercury vapor lamps 192, 203, 205

308, 383, 384

meristems 61, 64, 286

ovule 74,79,89,427,429,451

metal lialide lamps 172, 182, 184, 192, 197-199,

oxygen (O) 16, 224, 229, 248, 249, 252, 253, 273,

200, 202, 205

306-309, 324, 325, 332, 343

see also I-I1D

depletion 208,297,298,301

micronutrients 257, 258, 265, 266, 26B, 269, 271

PAR (photosynthetically active response) 60,

see also specific nutrients

170-173, 179, 180, 192

mildews 155, 359, 366, 383, 385, 442

parents 14, 426, 427, 430, 438, 439, 444, 454,

misting 121 e 165, 285, 367, 388, 391

455, 457

mites see spider mites

recurrent 454-456

miticides 40, 56, 357, 360, 363, 365, 370, 371

peat moss/pellets 19, 21, 7.30-232, 234-235, 238,

moisture meter 114, 252, 253

294, 295, 307-309

mold 11,87,88,94,98, 100, 101, 128, 129, 131,

pcrlite 230-233,308,309,313

166, 167,355,450

pesticides 45, 284, 286, 325, 357-358, 360, 362,

see also Botrytis

370

molybdenum (Mo) 258, 269, 272, 285, 316

see a/so insecticides; miticides

mother plants 4, 5, 40-43, 49, 54, 60, 205, 294,

pH

295, 370, 443, 454

levels 45,141,204,310

mulch 116, 121, 136, 137, 147, 233, 245

meters 226,248,311,312,313

mycorrhizae 273, 286, 288

testers 114,225

necrosis 266-269, 471

phenotypes 437-439, 450, 455

ncem/neem oil 356, 358, 361, 363, 370

phloem 248

nematodes 273, 358, 376, 377, 384

phosphor-coated bulbs 193, 199,201

NFT (nutrient film techniques) hydroponics 296,

phosphorus(P)

172, 258, 260, 270-276, 316

304-306, 315, 375

deficiency/excess 259, 260, 267, 276

nitric acid 228, 310, 347

photoperiod see under light

nitrogen (N) 20, 73, 233, 234, 258-(259)-260,

photosynthesis

57, 170, 260, 267,324

262-7.64, 270-277, 316, 3)7, 384

phytotoxicity 257, 285, 357, 360, 362-364, 366

deficiency/excess 165, 264, 275, 382

pinching see pruning

480

pistils 71, 79, 79, 86, 92, 127-130,133, 435, planting 19, 50, 51, 134, 135, 136, 142, 147-150,

225-227, 230, 274-276, 280, 289 pollen and pollination 6, 8, 71, 75-77, 88, 89, 145, 146, 395, 427-436, 415,151-453, 156, 457 cross-pollinating 428, 453,154 Pollinator 398-(399)-400, 402, 405 polypoid 287, 457 potash see potassium potassium hydroxide 227, 310 potassium (K) 20, 258, 261, 262, 264, 270-272, 274-276, 285, 316 deficiency 219, 2.61 potbound see rootbound pots see containers predators and parasites 143, 141, 367-369 pre-flowers and pre-flowcring 3-5, 30, 72, 74-79, 158, 174

progeny 427, 431, 430, 439, 114, 452-457 propagation 235

asexual 232,126 sexual 39, 74, 126,127, 438 see also clones and cloning propane 220,334,341,342,459 pruning 39, 61-(62,63)-66, 152, 206 root pruning 66, 67, 69, 216 FIM technique 63, 64 psychoactive 07, 93, 96, 100, 415 psychrometersee hygrometer pumice 230, 233, 308

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) 116, 118

pyrethroids 365, 371, 379

pyrethrum 356, 361, 365, 368, 370, 372-376, 379

Pythium see under wilts rain 4, 128, 131, 132, 135, 153, 346, 395

raised beds see under beds reservoirs 138, 141, 186, 295, 297-299, 301-306,

resin glands 07, 90-94, 97, 99, 100, 102, 394, 395,

resin powder 395, 397, 398, 105, 419-422

see also sieving; hash rhizobia 209

ripeness 75, 87, 90, 92, 93, 98, 104, 127, 166,131, 435

rockwool 2, 18, 50, 50, 232, 238, 297-301, 307309, 312-315 rootbound 59, 67

root-inducing hormones 14-17, 50, 51

roots and rooting 42-48, 237-211, 216, 218-250, 267-270, 294-302, 301-306 root hairs 3, 45, 245, 248, 250, 251, 253, 301 cuttings 13, 48, 52, 208, 209, 23!, 243, 309

see also clones and cloning; hormones, root inducing; pruning, root; rootbound; rot rot 17, 62, 237, 259, 261, 268, 287, 304, 305, 382,

303, 385, 386 ruderalis see under Cannabis safety see Intro, 197, 212, 215, 340, 311, 347, 358361, 363-367; salts see fertilizers sativa see under Cannabis scales (insects) 171, 225, 238, 271, 311, 338, 341,

36!, 376, 436 screen of green (SCROG) 295 sea of green (SOG) I It, 162, 295, 173 security see Intro, 22, 108, 109, 115-117, 122, 149,

150, 151, 218, 320, 330 seed companies 22, 23,126, 414, 161-162 seeds 11-15, 420, 134-436, 113-415, female plants Irom 20 feminized 20, 151, 452 germination 2-3, 15-19, 23, 137, 208, 209, 129, 435

harvesting ol 101-105 storage ol 23, 24, 105 seedlings 20-21, 50-60, 72, 131, 153, 231, 232, 436, 443 seed leaves 16, 20, 2t, 22 transplanting 2, 10-19, 22, 117,126, 131, 141,

147, 164-165, 230, 243 see also germination selfing see under inbreeding sex 5, 20, 38, 54, 55, 74, 75, 77, 78, 166, 451 cloning for 55, 78

see also male plants; female plants; propagation sib-mating 138,454-456 sieves and sieving 394, 397-(390)-105, 409, 410,

416, 417, 432 sinsemilla 00, 81, 101, 115

harvesting 89, 89 slugs and snails 113, 141, 360, 377, 370 smoking 96,423,428,431 soaps 1II, 351, 350, 360, 362, 361, 366

insecticidal 363, 366, 360, 372, 376, 379, 307 sodium (Na) I37-I39, 219-251, 2.70, 271, 312, 359

sodium hydroxide 227, 310 soil aeration 22.4, 233, 275, 280, 301, 306, 318

amendments for 230, 232-235, 27-1, 307-309 diy pockets in 164, 166, 252, 253 organic soil mix 137, 151, 225, 229, 233, 237, 256, 265, 136 pH 134, 221, 227, 228, 251, 257, 263, 267, 275 temperature 19,228,229, 246 texture 224, 234, 251 see also drainage; fertilizers soilless mixes 228-231, 270, 296, 377 solarize 236, 315 spectrum see under light spider mites 40, 98, 325, 354, 358, 361, 362-{368, 369)-371

sprays and spraying 45, 94, 257, 283-(286)-287, 325, 355-357, 360-(361)-368, 370, 390391

homemade 361,371, 374, 376, 379 staminate 74, 75, 427, 428, 437, 445, 450-452 stem elongation 56, 191, 203, 210, 428 sterilants see disinfectants sterilizing 268, 308, 313, 314, 315, 354 stigma 428, 429

stippling 143, 369, 374, 378-379, 387 stomata 45, 96, 248, 261, 263, 268, 283-285, 325,

328, 337 StrainGuide 22, 127 strains see also varieties 448 stress 68-70, 74, 78, 79, 106, 131, 238, 255, 256, 289

substrates see growing mediums sulfur <S) 38, 134, 22B, 250, 258, 262, 264, 205, 358, 359, 366 deficicncy/excess 264 sunlight 118, 122, 123, 136, 142, 147, 150, 170,

192, 203, 205 temperature 51, 52, 101-103, 155, 156, 228, 229, 256, 257, 319, 320, 330-(33I)-339 see also under air; water; soil THC 11, 12, 80, 06-89, 91-94, 96, 100, 166, 167,

337, 418 thermometers 97,114,331 thermostats 219, 330, 332-334, 336, thrips 45r361, 365-367, 374, 378 timers 197, 219-222, 339-342 tools 112,114,354,381,382 total dissolved solids (TDS) 249, 250, 311,317 toxic life 390

trace elements see micronulrients traits 10, 427, 437, 442-445, 450, 454, 457 dominant 455 recessive 439, 453, 455 translaminar activity 357-359

transpiration 51, 52, 248, 335-337 transplants and transplanting 3, 19, 21, 53, 56-59,

6B, 117, 154, 230 traps 144, 145, 356, 367, 374, 378, 379 trellis and trellising 59, 128 Trichoderma 47, 57, 58, 289, 382-386 tricliomes see resin glands tungsten halogen lamps 211, 214 ultraviolet light (UV) 193, 199, 206, 265, 346 varieties 43, 127-129, 426-428, 435, 445, 450 vegetative growth 5, B, 21, 38, 39, 173, 174, 270, 371

ventilation 119, 257, 32-329, 345

see also air, circulation vermiculite 231-233, 238, 307, 309, 313 vigor see growth rate; hybrid vigor Visqucen 112, 114, 193, 195, 298 vitamins 57,276,314,317 voltage see under electricity water and watering 15-20, 131, 137-140, 247-257 aeration of 247, 254 overwatering 19, 252, 253, 257, 288 temperature of 254, 325, 343, 391, 414 underwatering 19, 153, 253, 257 see also EC; drainage; irrigation; pH; reservoirs; soil temperature Watson, D. P. see Intro, 10, 387 Watts-per-square-foot 177, 178 wetting agents 235, 253, 284, 358, 362 whitefties 45, 364-366, 379, 3B6, 388 wick systems 233, 295, 296 wilts

Pythium 24, 45, 359, 382, 3B3, 386 Fusarium 359, 375, 383, 384, 385, 414 Ifertidllium 372, 379, 386, 389, 414 wind 75, 118, 129, 131-133, 142, 143, 147, 149, 150, 355,428, 445 pollen and 145-147, 174-175, 428, 430, 445, 463, 473 windbreaks 143, 171, 174, 178 wood ashes 227, 228, 277 worm castings 134, 229, 236, 237, 277 xylcm 248, 384, 386 zinc (Zn) 228, 258, 260, 265-267, 285, deficiency/excess 266

The UK's Specialist Cannabis Book Company

Many other titles and magazines available

+44(0)23 9278 0600

www.freedombooks.co.uk

EXCLUSIVE UK DISTRIBUTOR

of Marijuana Horticulture -The Indoor/Outdoor Bible by Jorge Cervantes

AVALON WHOLESALE LIMITED

The UK's largest Headshopwhotesalerendcennabispiibllsher

Cdl(o[morDlriroimatiDiiaiidncopya(uur.uiroiilcnlaluuiiB(Tiiidconly)

Growing Soilless

Growing Soilless

This is an easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide to growing organic, healthy vegetable, herbs and house plants without soil. Clearly illustrated with black and white line drawings, the book covers every aspect of home hydroponic gardening.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment