Dose Anybody Use6 Hrs On 2 Hrs Off For Vegitive Growth Of Marijuana

> ng, healthy vegetative growth is the key to a heavy harvest The seedling growth stage lasts for about two to three weeks after seeds have germinated. Once a strong root system is estab- This seedling is in the early stages of vegetative growth. This 'Euphoria' female has been in the vegetative growth stage for more than two months. lished and foliage growth increases rapidly, seedlings enter the vegetative growth stage. When chlorophyll production is full speed ahead, a vegetative plant...

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20 percent of the cannabinoid profile in a plant. Little study has been done on this cannabinoid. So far, researchers believe it may interact with THC to make the high more intense. For a complete background on cannabinoids, including chemical diagrams, resin profiles, and production of cannabinoids, see the classic book, Marijuana Grower's Guide, by Mel Frank, Redeye Press, 1997, 330 pages. Three excellent reference books that all indoor marijuana horticulturists should have on hand are the...

More Free Growing Light

Even though the lumens-per-watt conversion is lower with 400-watt bulbs than 1000-watt bulbs, hanging ten 400-watt lamps over the same area that four 1000-watt lamps cover, provides more even distribution of light and minimizes shading. Three 600-watt lamps that produce 270,000 lumens from three point sources, instead of two 1000-watt HP sodiums yielding 280,000 lumens from two points, lower total light output by 10,000 lumens, but increases the number of sources of light. Lamps can be placed...

Birds

Although most birds are welcome guests in most gardens, there are some that can make quick work ol tender seedlings or new clones. 'M The most effective way to keep birds from freshly planted seed and transplants is to cover plants with plastic wire or plastic netting. When installing the netting, make sure it is securely fastened around the perimeter of plants so hungry birds do not get underneath. Deer and elk love newly formed growth on cannabis plants, in addition, they may destroy crops by...

Light Spectrum and Photoperiod

The light must have the proper spectrum and intensity to ensure rapid growth. Light is comprised of separate bands of colors. Each color in the spectrum sends the plant a separate signal. Each color In the spectrum promotes a different type of growth. Plants need and use only certain portions of the light spectrum. The most important colors in the spectrum for maximum chlorophyll production and photosynthetic response are in the blue and red range. The main...

Ter Fifteen

Rub wet, cold leaves between hands to knock off resin glands into water. Mix with mixer for 15-20 minutes. Do not let the mixer's motor or electrical wiring touch water. It could give you the shock of your life The cannabis will float and take a little while to absorb the water. Periodically rinse the paddles with cold water. Use a large spoon or flat stick to stir and to sink the cannabis until it becomes wet. Continue to stir the mix by hand until completely soaked with water. Let the...

Soil

Soil is of three main types and all shades of gray and brown in between. Soil is the product of millions of years of geology. Clay soil, also known as heavy soil or adobe in North America, is common in coastal areas and is very widespread inland. It is difficult to work with. Clay soils hold water well and provide slow, even drainage. Clay soils are slow to warm in the spring, but hold warmth well into autumn when sunlight is fading. The density of clay does not allow for proper air...

Outdoors

Gregorio (Goya), cannabis photographer and writer demonstrates a field of flowering females in Switzerland. Peek-a-boo This beautiful 'Jamaican Pearl' was planted in an obscure corner of the back yard. Peek-a-boo This beautiful 'Jamaican Pearl' was planted in an obscure corner of the back yard. The grower is peeking through this plant in his guerilla patch. The grower is peeking through this plant in his guerilla patch.

About Ballasts

A ballast regulates specific starting requirements and line voltage for specilic HID lamps. Wattages from 150-1100 use old-fashioned coil transformer-type ballasts. Smaller wattages-below 100-use energy-efficient electronic ballasts. Electronic ballasts run cool and quiet. Scientists continue to develop electronic ballasts for larger wattage HID's, but the failure rate is still very high. It is veiy important to buy the proper ballast for your HMD. Smart growers buy the entire HID...

Strains

Selecting the right strains for your climate is just as important as finding the perfect location. This section on strains is adapted from a thread started by Leaf, a member of www.overgrnw.cnm and an expert outdoor grower with tons of experience. One of the Case Studies is also adapted from posts by Leaf. Much more information is also available on the site. This is a quick rundown on some popular outdoor strains. The strains are grouped in five different categories distinguished by their...

Ter TEN

Compost is not very practical to use in containers. It could also have unwanted pests. If using compost indoors, make sure it is wellrotted and screened. A good compost pile includes manure-the older the better. Manure from horse stalls or cattle feedlots is mixed with straw or sawdust bedding. Sawdust uses available nitrogen and is also acidic and not recommended. Look for the oldest, and most-rotted manure. Well-rotted manure is less prone to have viable weed seeds and pests. Fresh...

Other Lamps

Several other lamps deserve a mention, however, they grow marijuana poorly. Incandescent lamps are inefficient, tungsten halogen lamps are bright but inefficient, and low-pressure sodium lamps are efficient but have a limited spectrum. Incandescent lamps were invented by Thomas Edison, Light is produced by sending electricity through the filament, a super fine wire inside the bulb. The filament resists the flow of electricity, heating it to incandescence, causing it to glow and emit light. The...

Climate

European Climate Zones

Outdoor grow shows are dominated by climate, soil, and water supply whether you are planting in a remote mountain patch, a cozy garden in your backyard, or on your balcony. Microclimates are mini climates that exist within larger climates. Maps are available of these areas. Many maps such as the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Hardiness Zone map, www.usna-usda.gov 'Northern Lights US x Haze' is one of the most potent and tasty strains. This cross is ready to harvest from...

CO Generator Systems

CO generators are used by commercial flower, vegetable, and marijuana growers. Green Air Products has introduced a complete line ol reasonably priced CO, generators that burn natural gas or LP (propane) to produce CO_,. However, heat and water are by-products of the combustion process. Generators use a pilot light with a flow meter and burner. The inside of the generator is similar to a gas stove burner with a pilot light enclosed in a protective housing. The generator must have a cover over...

Hash or Cannabis

Hash oil is a concentrate of hash or marijuana (cannabis oil) that has been dissolved in nasty hydrocarbon solvents such as ether and alcohol to extract the THC. Hash and cannabis oil frequently retain residues from solvents used to extract the THC These residues are a health risk. The oils can be very concentrated and potent. Honey oil was somewhat popular in America in the early 1970s. The oil was a translucent golden-amber color. The oil transformed from stiff, toffee-like consistency to...

Metal HaSide Systems

The metal halide HID lamp is the most efficient source of artificial white light available to growers today. It comes in 175, 250,400, 1000, 1100, and 1500-watt sizes. They may be either clear or phosphor coated, and all require a special ballast. The smaller 175 or 250-watt halides are very popular for closet grow rooms. The 400, 1000 and 1100-watt bulbs are very popular with most indoor growers. The 1500-watt halide is avoided due to its relatively short 2000 to 3000 hour life and incredible...

Marijuana Horticulture The indoor

Marijuana Greenhouse

Automatic greenhouse darkening system in a greenhouse at the Cannabis Castle in the Netherlands 'blacks out gardens to induce flowering. The covering also serves to insulate the greenhouse during the short days of winter. Keep the lights on at night if days are short in the winter or if you live in a tropical climate. These South American growers use incandescent light to prevent plants from flowering when days are short. Good looking bud matures in light filtered through Agrolene greenhouse...

The creation of a seed

B4u Pictures Flowers

Cannabis is an anemophilous species this is a fancy way of saying that it is wind-pollinated. Under natural, or wild, conditions, male plants undergo dehiscence (shedding of pollen) and disperse vast quantities of pollen into the wind, The pollen travels on air currents and, by chance, lands on the stigma or style of a nearby, or not so nearby, pistillate individual. This is the pollination event. Because pollen from many species floats in the air, and there is a significant chance that...

C02 Emitter Systems

Compressed CO, systems are virtually risk-free, producing no toxic gases, heat, or water. These systems are also precise, metering an exact amount of CO, into the room. Carbon dioxide is metered out of a cylinder of the compressed gas using a regulator, flow meter, a solenoid valve, and a short-range timer. Two types of systems are continuous flow and short range. Metal carbon dioxide cylinders which hold the gas under 1000 to 2200 pounds of pressure per square inch (psi) (depending upon...

Marijuana Horticulture Theindooroutc

Plastics and fiberglass can provide safe, economical alternatives. Plastic is much cheaper than glass (a sixth to a tenth of the cost), can be heated as effectively as glass, and is equal to glass in producing quality plants and buds. Polyethylene (PE) is low cost, lightweight, provides ample light, and can withstand fall, winter, and spring weather. It does not tolerate summer UV levels, however, and must be replaced annually. Ultra-violet inhibited PE lasts longer, but both types lose...

Security

A secure location is the number one concern for most guerilla growers. Indoor growers can rent an apartment, house, or warehouse in the name of another person to avoid discovery. Guerilla gardens planted on public land risk detection by hikers, fishermen, or other outdoor enthusiasts. Remember, they are interested in specific sports and recreation. They will not go out of their way to find your patch unless you lead them to it. Choose a site that does not make your plants the focal point of the...

Backyard Growing

Lucky growers who live in countries that tolerate cannabis can safely plant a crop in their backyard and give their garden the tender loving care it deserves. You can pay close attention to your plants' soil, water, and nutrient needs. Growing cannabis in your flower and vegetable garden is ideal because you can care for all your plants at the same time. Prepare soil in the fall remove weeds and dig Small 'AK-47' plants are easy to move and give a 12 12 day night schedule during the summer....

Fertilizers

Now we come to the confusing part about the guaranteed analysis of commercial fertilizer mixes, Federal and state laws require nutrient concentrations to appear prominently on the face of the fertilizer packages, even though the accuracy of the values is dubious. Do you think the N-P-K numbers on the label give the percentages of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium Well, yes and no. The scale measures nutrients with different scales. Nitrogen is listed as total combined elemental. Most...

Irrigation

Large plants use more water than small plants, but there are many more variables than size that dictate a plant's water consumption. The age of the plant, container size, soil texture, temperature, humidity, and ventilation all contribute to water needs. Change any one of these variables, and the water consumption will change. Good ventilation is essential to promote a free flow of fluids, transpiration, and rapid growth. The healthier a plant, the faster it grows and the more water it needs,...

T12

Lighting and specialty stores sell CF lamps, but often charge more than discount warehouse stores. Look for deals at Home Depot and other similar discount stores. Check the Internet, for example, www.lightsite.net is an outstanding site that also has a retail store locator. Philips is producing some of the higher wattage lamps. Their PL-H bulb is a 4U bulb available in 60, 85, and 120 wattages with Kelvin ratings from 3000 to 4100. Beware of manufacturer and reseller web sites making outrageous...

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Male Cannabis Plant Parts

Image shows a male plant after 24 days of vegetative growth at 18 6 day night. Staminate flowers are located at the node between the stipule and emerging branch. This is another view of the same pre-flowering male plant so you can get a better view. out a crop of outstanding buds every six to ten weeks all year long. Inducing flowering in cannabis grown from seed with a 12 12 day night photoperiod will cause plants to show sex, male or female. Once the sex of the plant is guaranteed, males are...

Harvest

Harvest Marijuana

Inspect resin crystals with a SOX microscope to discern the exact time to harvest. This 'Thaitanic' is not ready for harvest. The white pistils arc just starting to turn color. This 'Thaitanic' is not ready for harvest. The white pistils arc just starting to turn color. This 'Thaitanic' is at the paint of harvest. Note that many of the pistils are turning color. This 'Thaitanic' is at the paint of harvest. Note that many of the pistils are turning color. The payofl for all the research, work,...

Water

Clean rainwater is the best for irrigation. To make sure it is not too acidic acid rain) and harmful to plants, take the pH and parts per million (ppm) reading from collected rainwater before using. Sodium-heavy water builds up in the soil causing slow growth and shorter plants with smaller leaves. At low levels, sodium appears to benefit plants and may even make up for potassium deficiency, but too much leads to sodium stress. Roots lose the ability to absorb water and other nutrients and will...

Appendix

Inbreeding the process of breeding solely within the seed lot with no external pollen inputs induce to effect, cause, or influence via stimulation A 12-hour photoperiod stimulates flowering. inductive photoperiod daylength required to stimulate flowering inert a substance that will not chemically react. Inert growing mediums make it easy to control the chemistry of the nutrient solution, inflorescence a cluster of flowers insecticide a product that kills or inhibits insects intensity the amount...

Reflective Hoods

Parabolic Drugs

Some rellective hoods reflect light more evenly than others. A refleclor that distributes light evenly-with no hot spots-can be placed closer to plants without burning them. These hoods are most efficient, because the lamp is closer and the light more intense. The farther the lamp is from the garden, the less light plants receive. For example, a 1000-wott reflector with a hot spot must be placed 36 inches (90 cm) above the garden, A 600-watt lamp with a reflector that distributes light evenly...

Rogue Pollen

Rogue pollen from commercial hemp farms and wild or cultivated males can threaten sin-semilla cannabis grown outdoors or in greenhouses. Undesired pollen can drift from a few feet to hundreds of miles to pollinate flowering females and cause them to grow seeds. Large clouds of pollen blow across the Mediterranean Sea from the Riff Mountains in Morocco dropping pollen on Spain and Portugal. In fact, local weather reports always include the cannabis pollen statistics. The reports are directed at...

Before Making Hash

How Make Charas Hash

Make sure your plants are as clean as possible. Any oil-based residues on leaves will show up in the hash. For example, if extracting resin with water, you can see impurity residues as a sheen of oil in the water. During the month before harvest, do not use any harmful chemicals that leave residues. I prefer to use only water-based organic products to avoid potential health risks to the consumer. Flush plants with water for seven to ten days prior to harvest, to remove built-up Resin glands...

Construction and Operation

Fluorescent lamps create light by passing electricity through gaseous vapor under low pressure. Like the HID family, fluorescents require an appropriate fixture containing a small ballast to regulate electricity and household electrical current. The fixture is usually integrated into the reflective hood. There are several types of fixtures. The most common fluorescent bulbs used for growing are hooked to sockets with bi-pin connectors. If purchasing new tubes, make sure the bulb fits the...

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Stem growth, as well as overall size and vigor. Nitrogen is most active in young buds, shoots, and leaves. Ammonium (NH,r) is the most readily available form of nitrogen. Be careful when using too much of this form it can burn the plants. Nitrate (NO,-)-the nitrate form of nitrogen-is much slower to assimilate than ammonium. Hydroponic fertilizers use this slower-acting nitrogen compound and mix it with ammonium. Deficiency Nitrogen is the most common nutrient deficiency. The symptoms include...

Baking Soda and Vinegar

Consider using vinegar and baking soda to produce CO, in a small grow room. This method eliminates excess heat and water vapor production and requires only household items. Create a system that drips vinegar (acetic acid) into a bed of baking soda. The main disadvantage of this system is the erratic level of CO, produced. It takes a considerable amount of time for the CO, to build up to a level where it helps plants. However, once it reaches an optimum level, it can continue to rise until it...

Climate Control

Moving Cannabis Plant Stress

Even the best greenhouses will lose heat through radiation, conduction, convection through glass, walls, and floor (or soil), and also through vents, doors, and cracks. To counteract external variables, the internal structure of the greenhouse is, in some ways, more complex than the selection of framing and covering materials. All greenhouses need ventilation and most need fans. Look for an extraction fan with the capacity to change the air once every minute. Capacity refers to the amount of...

Peat Lite Mixes

An inexpensive electronic pH tester is easy to use. When planting, add one cup of line dolomite lime to each cubic foot (one ounce per gallon) of planting medium to stabilize the pH and provide calcium and magnesium. For an accurate pH test with an electronic pH meter - Clean the probes of the meter after each test and wipe away any corrosion. - Pack the soil around the probes. - Water soil with distilled or neutral pH water before testing. If using litmus paper, collect samples that...

C02 Enrichment

Carbon dioxide (CO,) is a colorless, odorless, non-flammable gas that is around us all the time. The air we breathe contains 0.03-0.04 percent CO,. Rapidly growing cannabis can use all of the available CO, in an enclosed grow room within a few hours, Photosynthesis and growth slow to a crawl when the CO, level falls below 0.02 percent. Carbon dioxide enrichment has been used in commercial greenhouses for more than 35 years. Adding more CO, to grow room air stimulates growth. Indoor cannabis...

Guerilla Growing

Guerilla growing, a term coined in the early 1970s, requires strategy, time, and most often, physical prowess. Depending upon your location and local laws, clandestine guerilla growing in remote locations could be your only option. Location and security are the main concerns for a guerilla grower. Choose a location that has limited public access. Check regulations for hunting and recreation, and think of who might be using the area hunters, mushroomers, other marijuana growers, hikers,...

Ozone Generators

Airtiger Rambridge

Ozone has many applications including food and water sterilization and removing odors from the air at the molecular level. Some growers even use high levels of ozone to exterminate grow room pests. Ozone generators neutralize odors by converting oxygen (02) into ozone (OJ by exposing the stinky air to ultraviolet (UV) light. The extra molecule is always a positively charged ion that is predisposed to attach to a negatively charged ion (cation). Odors are negatively charged cations. When the...

Medical

Scared of possible jail time, in constant pain and lired of battling (or medical marijuana patients' rights, Steven McWiliiams committed suicide in San Diego on Monday July 12005 on his 51st birthday. Mr. McWiliiams was famous nation-wide for his efforts and the legitimacy he lent to the medical marijuana movement. Not taken seriously at first, McWiliiams did nol give up, working for the movement since as early as 1996 when California state voters approved Proposition 215, allowing patients to...

Water Quality

Total Dissolved Solvent Machine Photo

The concentration of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) indicate how hard the water is. Water containing 100 to 150 milligrams of calcium (CaCO,) per liter is acceptable to grow marijuana. Soft water contains less than 50 milligrams of calcium per liter and should be supplemented with calcium and magnesium. Roots on this clone have reached the wall of the container. Roots on this clone have reached the wall of the container. Water with high levels of chloride frequently contains high levels of...

High Intensity Discharge HID Lights

Growers use MID lamps to replace natural sunlight indoors and grow outstanding cannabis. High intensity discharge lamps out-perform all other lamps in their lumens-per-watt efficiency, spectral balance, and brilliance. The spectrum and brilliance of HID's help growers replicate growth responses induced in cannabis by natural sunlight. Compare charts on HID spectral emission with the chart on photosynthetic response, chlorophyll synthesis, and positive tro-pism. The HID lamp family contains...

Marijuana Horticulture The indoorOutdoor

Marijuana Greenhouses

- SB - 'ii'tj Hoop houses are very easy to construct from plastic or metal pipe. Some growers use rebar. Arches can easily be made with PVC plastic pipe up to 8 feet 2.4 m talf. You can also make tunnels hug the ground with a height of less than 3 feet 90 cm . Black plastic mulch conserves moisture and stops weeds in this hoop house. This photo was taken in Nijmegen, Netherlands, in late November, 1985, at the original Cannabis Castle started by Neville, owner of the Seed Bank. Plants grow in...

Cannabis Seed Companies

Many companies were not included in this abridged list because they do nol have catalogs and were too difficult to contact. trwlin ' ij iNil iiitivrrJu 1 1 liter I kg of pure water 1 kilometer 1000 meters I meter 100 centimeters I meter 1000 millimeters wwfw.legendsseeds.com Magus Genetics www.magusgenetics .com Mandata Seeds www.mandalaseeds .com Mr. Nice-Swiss www, paradise-seecls.com Reeferman Seeds wwfw.legendsseeds.com Magus Genetics www.magusgenetics .com Mandata Seeds www.mandalaseeds...

Fl hybrid varieties

An Fl hybrid population is obtained by crossing two unrelated, true breeding varieties, Fl hybrids are unique in that they are uniform when grown from eed, but, like all hybrids, are genetically unstable. If reproduced sexually by inbreeding within the Fl population, the subsequent generation will be neither uniform nor similar to the Fl generation. One of the major benefits of Fl seed to the grower is a condition known as hybrid vigor, or heterosis. Hybrid vigor occurs when the progeny...

Primary Components of a Breeding Program

1 - Develop a vision or a breeding goal. Every breeding program should begin by developing a breeding goal. Why are you trying to make seed What are you trying to accomplish by mating these sets of parents You might be trying to make a seed population that represents the traits of an ideal, or mostly ideal plant you have previously selected. In the case of the latter, you might be trying to add new traits to your mostly ideal plant and incorporate these new traits into a new seedline. Some may...

Mutagenesislnducing Variation

If variation does not exist for the trail or traits of interest, or cannot be found in other populations, it is theoretically possible to induce variation by exposing seeds or other tissues to radiation, alkylating agents, or other mutagens such as colchicine or EMS ethylmethylsulfonate . These treatments cause changes at the DNA level that have the remote potential to result in desirable, novel phenotypes. There is much rumour and speculation about this technique amongst breeders and growers....

General overview and considerations when making seeds

Pollinated Female Cannabis

Selecting female plants for breeding is a much easier task than selecting males, because female plants readily demonstrate all the traits that are essentially important to a grower, or smoker sometimes these are conflicting interests . The breeder may want to place an emphasis on selecting for potency, flavor, yield, smell, resistance to pests, color, growth stature, etc. Cannabis for consumption is a group ol pistillate flowers a bud a bud is a collection of...

Secondary Nutrients

The secondary nutrients-magnesium, calcium, and sulfur-are also used by the plants in large amounts. Rapid-growing indoor marijuana crops are able to process more secondary nutrients than most general-purpose fertilizers are able to supply. Many growers opt to use high quality two- and three-part hydroponic fertilizers to supply all necessary secondary and trace elements. But be careful, these three nutrients may be present in high levels in the ground water. It is important to consider these...

IceOLator Instructions

The Ice-o-Lator was popularized by Mila, owner ol the Pollinator, in Amsterdam, Holland. This water extraction process is a simple, efficient method of extracting THC-packed resin crystals from cannabis plants. Using the Ice-O-Later is very easy. Here is a brief recap of the process. The instructions below are adapted from Mila's site, www.pollinator.nl where there is much more information on making hash. 20-25-1Iter 5-gallon bucket with lid Kitchen mixer - Use the kind with paddles for mixing....

Recipes and Controls Chart

Cannabis Leaf White Spots

Add to sprays to dry out pests. Bleach Use a 5 percent solution as a genera disinfectant. Cinnamon Dilute cinnamon oil with water. Use just a few drops per pint as pesticide. Citrus Cilrus oils make great ingredients that kill insects dead. Garlic Use a garlic press to squeeze garlic juice into mix. Use liberal amounts. Horseradish Stinky stuff Add as you would garlic. Best to use fresh root. Hot pepper Dilute Tabasco' or any store-bought concentrate in water,...

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Anthracnose Fungus Marijuana Plants

Lightly cultivate the soil surface, so water penetrates evenly. Be careful not to disturb roots. Lightly cultivate the soil surface, so water penetrates evenly. Be careful not to disturb roots. A 1 to 2-inch 3-5 cm layer of hydro clay mulch on soil surface keeps soil surface moist. Roots are able to grow along the surface, and the soil does not need to be cultivated. The Roots turn green and grow poorly when they receive mulch also decreases evaporation and helps direct light. keep irrigation...

Soil Containers

Shapes and sizes and can be constructed of almost anything-clay, metal, plastic, wood, and wood fiber are the most common. Cannabis will grow in any clean container that has not been used for petroleum products or deadly chemicals. Clay fiber and wood containers breathe better than plastic or metal pots. Heavy clay pots are brittle and absorb moisture from the soil inside, causing the soil to dry out quickly. Metal pots are also impractical for grow rooms because they oxidize rust and can bleed...

Setting Up the Vent Fan Stepby Step

Step One Figure the total volume of the grow room. Length x width x height total volume. For example, a grow room that is 10 x 10 x 8 leet 21.5 m7 has a total volume of 800 cubic feet 10 x 10 x 8 feet 800 cubic feet 21.5 m2 . A room measuring 4x5x2 meters has a total volume of 40 cubic meters. Step TWo Use a vent fan that will remove the total volume of air in the room in less than five minutes. Buy a fan that can easily be mounted on the wall or in line in a duct pipe. Quality in line fans...

Intensity

High intensity discharge lamps are bright-very, very bright. Growers who properly manage this intense brightness harvest more weed per watt. Intensity is the magnitude of light energy per unit TIk Inverse Square Law dictates light intensity in relation to distance. TIk Inverse Square Law dictates light intensity in relation to distance. This 'Chronic' cola received plenty af bright PAR watts. It developed super-thick, dense, heavy buds. Tie ci string 12 to 36 inches long to the HID reflector....

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Marijuana Fertilizer Schedule

And flow io j cs am be the length of a greenhouse. Long tables take a long time to flood and require a huge reservoir of nutrient solution. Big beautiful buds grow super dense on tables. Big beautiful buds grow super dense on tables. Smoke is immediately sucked out of the room when using this Mine fan. The fan demonstration took place at the 2000 CannaBusiness trade show in Germany. At least one good circulation fan and an extraction fan are necessary in grow rooms. The extraction fan in this...

Cannabis Tinctures

Use liquor as a solvent to dissolve resin glands into a potent cannabis potion. You can use any liquor, but the higher the percentage of alcohol, or proof, the quicker and more efficient the process. You can let the spirits evaporate so the tincture contains virtually no alcohol. Well-made cannabis oil is extremely potent, often registering more than 70 percent TI-IC If you prefer a flavored drink with alcohol, use Kahlua, Cointreau, Galliano, etc Just remember, liqueurs contain a lower...

Washing Machine Hash

How Use Gland Washing Machines

On a recent trip to the tropical region of Colombia, 1 was able to record how expert grower friends made hash in volume. They learned this technology from Mila. This informa- Tlie color of water should be light green, which signifies ail the hash and impurities have been cleaned out. Dirty water contains more contaminants. Tlie color of water should be light green, which signifies ail the hash and impurities have been cleaned out. Dirty water contains more contaminants. Here are the different...

Air

A water wand with a breaker head mixes air with irrigation water just before applying. A water wand with an air breaker head oxygenates water and splits it into many streams. A water wand with an air breaker head oxygenates water and splits it into many streams. growing medium with a spike. A stream of nutrient solution Hows out the tubing and percolates down through the growing medium. 40-100 L of water per week. Water weighs eight pounds a gallon 1 kg per L . That's a lot of containers to...

Setting up a Light Mover Stepby Step

Step Two Affix hoard to the ceiling. Mount light mover track on board. Attach Sun Twist units to a board that is screwed into ceiling joists. Step Three Run electrical cord via timer to light mover. Step Four Attach supporting electrical wires with cable ties alongside track. You may want to install eyebolts alongside the light track. Step Five Reduce vibrations by backing the mounting board with a vibration-absorbing material. lor more lumens from an additional...

The Pollinator

Pollinator Cannabis

Mila is a good friend, and she has carried the hash torch for countless connoisseurs. She has spent much of her life learning and teaching how to extract more resin from cannabis. She invented and popularized the Pollinator, a motorized cylindrical-shaped sieve to separate resin powder from leaf and buds. Mila has many ongoing experiments with hash and cannabis, one of which includes teaching the doctors in This container holds all the different hashes Mila made in Kazakhstan, Central Europe....

Measuring Relative Humidity

Relative humidity control is an integral part of insect and fungus prevention and control. Humidity above 80 percent discourages spider mites but promotes fungus as well as root and stem rot. Humidity levels below 60 percent reduce the chances of fungus and rot, Measure relative humidity with a hygrometer. This extremely important instrument will save you and your garden much frustration and fungi. By knowing the exact moisture content in the air, humidity may be adjusted to a safe 55 to 60...

About Electricity Consumption

It is not a crime to use electricity that has been legally purchased. No sensible judge would issue a search warrant on the basis of suspicious electricity consumption, However, not all judges are sensible, and small communities with bored police officers or special marijuana task forces often take it upon themselves to investigate whatever information they are able to weasel out of electric company employees. Larger police forces do not have the desire, time, or money to look for small-time...

Sieves

The first time I saw sieved cannabis resin was in 1983 at the Cannabis Castle in Holland. Neville, owner of the Seed Bank, had a large silkscreen stretched across a frame that was set on top of a large desk with a glass top. We would toss a handful or two of buds on the screen and bounce them around a few seconds. After two or three rounds of tossing and bouncing, a thin sheen of resin could be found on the top of the glass below the silkscreen. I had never smoked anything so potent in my life...

Terrace Growing

Crowing in containers on a terrace, balcony, or roof is very rewarding. A small sunny location, good genetics, containers, and good soil are the basic needs, Your gardening techniques will depend upon the location of the grow show. City building rooftops, terraces, and balconies tend to be windy. The higher the garden, the more wind. Wind dries plants quickly. See Wind in this chapter. Patio gardens are most often protected from strong winds and strong sunlight. An automatic watering system is...

Hash Oil Making

Hash Oil Pipes Image

Press small amounts of hash by putting resin powder in cellophane and putting it under your heel inside your shoe, Walk around for an hour or so, doing what you would normally. Take your shoe off and voil , fresh hash You can use a laminator-the kind that laminates photos and documents between two sheets of plastic-to press your hash Simply sprinkle out the best resin powder you can make onto a piece of cellophane. Lay another piece of cellophane on top. Roll it with a bottle full of hot water...

Freeze Drying

When it warms, CO, converts from a frozen solid to a gas, without turning into a liquid. When moist marijuana is enclosed with dry ice frozen CO, at virtually zero relative humidity, water molecules migrate from the cannabis to the dry ice. This causes the relative humidity of the CO, to increase and the moisture content of the marijuana to decrease. This process occurs below 32 F 0 C , and it preserves cannabis. Place equal amounts of dry ice and hud into a...

Misdiagnosed Disorders

Leaf Fringe Medical Marihuana

Many indoor garden problems, and to a lesser degree outdoor problems, are misdiagnosed as a lack of fertilizer. Often, disease and insects cause such problems. Other times, problems are caused by an imbalanced pH of the growing medium and water. A pH between 6.5 and 7 in soil and 5.8 to 6.5 in hydroponics will allow nutrients to be chemically available above or below this range, several nutrients become less available. For example, a full point movement in pH represents a tenfold increase in...

About Grow Rooms

Clone Setup For Marijuana

This barrel full of water shows that cannabis will grow only as fast as its most limiting factor. Light is most often the factor that limits growth indoors. The best location for a grow room is in an obscure corner of a basement, where the temperature is easy to keep constant year round. Basements are well insulated by concrete walls and soil, A basement room can be enclosed and camouflaged with junk, a double wall, workbench, or shelving. Added security is afforded by installing a false door...

Know B4U Grow

Compact Fluorescent Bulbs Marijuana

Using this grow game gives you insight in how to grow your own. It can lead to very serious time spending, lack of nutrients, poor social life and repetitivo strain injury This Swiss hydroponic setup is simple, efficient, and economical. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants without soil, most often in a soilless mix. In fact, many growers are already cultivating hydroponical-ly. Cultivating clones in rockwool, peat moss, and coconut fiber is growing hydroponically. Growing mature plants...

Water Extracted Hash

Hash extracted using cold water is known as water hash, Ice-O-Lator hash, ice hash, THC crystal, etc. When' very pure, hash will bubble releasing volatile resins when exposed to a flame, hence the name Bubble Hash. This boiling effect is called full-melt bubble hash. Modern water hash extraction started with Sadu Sam's Secret that was published in HASHISH by Robert Connell Clarke. Sadu Sam's Secret is simple physics resin is oil-based and cannabis foliage is water-based. This difference makes...

Photoperiod

The photoperiod is the relationship between the duration of the light period and dark period. Most strains of marijuana will stay in the vegetative growth stage as long as an 18 to 24-hour light and a 6 to 0-hour dark photoperiod are maintained. However, there are exceptions. Eighteen hours of light per day will give marijuana all the light it needs to sustain vegetative growth. Flowering is most efficiently induced with 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness in a 24-hour photoperiod. When plants...

Cannabis Containers Windstorm

Wind is one of the strongest forces outdoors. Sustained wind will suck moisture from plants. Wind causes plants to draw moisture from the rools and shed it through the leaves in a defensive mechanism to regulate internal temperature and chemistry. It creates a problem if the water supply is limited. For example, Southern Spain and other arid regions are subject to strong desert winds that transport abrasive sand and other particles. We call it kalmia in Spain because the grit is mixed with...

Inbreeding

Inbreeding is nothing more than crossing a group, family, or variety of plants within themselves with no additions of genetic material from an outside or unrelated population. The most severe form of inbreeding is the self-cross, in which only one individual's genetic material forms the basis of subsequent generations. Ml A male plant is fertilizing a female. Inbreeding consists of crossing a group, family or variety of plants with themselves. Inbreeding consists of crossing a group, family or...

Example 2 Backcrossing Incorporating a recessive trait

Step 2 - Select desirable plants, and create an F2 population via full sib-mating. Step 3 - Select plants showing the desired recessive trait in the F2 generation, then hybridize selected F2-recessive plants to the recurrent parent. The generation produced is denoted BCl. Step 4 - Select plants from BCl, and create a generation of F2 plants via sib-mating the resulting generation can be denoted BC1F2. Step 5 - Select desirable BC1F2 plants showing the recessive condition, and hybridize with the...