Bibliography On Magic Muchrooms

Considering the vast amount of relevant mycological literature, it makes sense to subdivide citations into categories representing distinct subject areas and specific species and genera. While some entries deal with more than one mushroom species, they are listed only once, under the category heading of the species that is the main focus of the work cited. This will aid in locating citations about specific species, as well as those with a more generalized scope, since titles alone often do not accurately reflect overall content or specific emphases.

1. Basic Reviews

Allen, J.W., Merlin, M.D. & Jansen, K.L.R. (1991). An ethnomycological review of psychoactive Agarics in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 23, 39-69.

Allen, J.W., Gartz, J. & Guzman, G. (1992). Index to the botanical identification and chemical analysis of the known species of the hallucinogenic fungi. Integration, 2&3, 9197. Allen, J.W. & Merlin, M.D. (1992). Psychoactive mushroom use in Koh Samui and Koh Pha-Ngan, Thailand. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 35, 205228. Allen, J.W. & Gartz, J. (1995). Some recent notes and observations on the occurrence and use of entheogenic fungi in third world countries. Psychedelic Monographs and Essays, 7 (in press).

Anonymous (1978). Mycologists and the law.

Bulletin of the British 'Mycological Society, 12,56-57.

Auert, G., Dolezal, V., Hausner, M. & Semerdzieva, M. (1980). Halluzinogene Wirkungen zweier Hutpilze der Gattung Psilocybe tschechoslowakischer Herkunft. ZeitschriftfurArztlicheFortbildung, 74, 833835. Badham, E.R. (1984). Ethnobotany of psilocybin mushrooms, especially Psilocybe cubensis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 10, 249-254. Beug, M. & Bigwood, J. (1982). Psilocybin and psilocin levels in twenty species from seven genera of wild mushrooms in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 5, 271-285. Bocks, S.M. (1968). The metabolism of psilocin and psilocybin by fungal enzymes. Biochemistry Journal, 106, 12-13.

Boire, R.G. (1995). Sacred Mushrooms and the

Law. Spectral Mindustries, Davis, CA. Carter, M. (1976). Will the legal Liberty Cap cause home office hallucinations? New Scientist, 16 Sept., 59. Cox, P.A. (1981). Use of a hallucinogenic mushroom, Copelandia cyanescens, in Samoa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 4, 115-116. English, M P. (1987). Mordecai Cubitt Cooke. Biopress Ltd., Bristol, Great Britain. Ford, W.W. (1923). A new classification of mycetismus (mushroom poisoning). Transactions of the Association of American Physicians, 38, 225-229. Gartz, J. (1986). Ethnopharmakologie and Entdeckungsgeschichte der halluzinogenen Wirkstoffe von europaischen Pilzen der Gattung Psilocybe. Zeitschrift fur Arztliche Fortbildung, 80, 803-805. Gartz, J. (1992/93). New aspects of the occurrence, chemistry and cultivation of European hallucinogenic mushrooms. Ann Mus. Civ. Roverto (Italy) Sez. sc. nat., 8, 107124.

Gartz, J. (1994). Extraction and analysis of indole derivatives from fungal biomass. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 34, 17-22. Gartz, J., Allen, J.W. & Merlin, W. (1994). Ethnomycology, biochemistry and cultivation of Psilocybe samuiensis Guzman, Bandala and Allen, a new psychoactive fungus from Koh Samui, Thailand. Journal of Ethnopharma-cology, 3, 73-80. Gartz, J., Rei D., Eicker, A. & Smith, M.T. (1995). Psilocybe natalensis sp.nov. - the first indigenous blueing member of the Agaricales of South Africa. Integration, 6, 29-34. Guzman, G. (1983). The genus Psilocybe. Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 74. Guzman, G., Bandala, V.M. & Allen, J.W. (1993). A new bluing Psilocybe from Thailand. Mycotaxon XLVI, 155-160. Hall, M.C. (1973). Problems in legislating against abuse of hallucinogenic fungi in Australia. Bulletin on Narcotics, 25, 27-36. Hofmann, A. (1960). Die psychotropen Wirkstoffe der mexikanischen Zauberpilze. Chimia, 14, 309318.

McGraw-Hill, New York. Hofmann, A., Heim, R., Brack, A., Kobel, H., Frey, A., Ott, H., Petrzilka, Th. & Troxler, F. (1959). Psilocybin and Psilocin, zwei psychotrope Wirkstoffe aus mexikanischen

Zauberpilzen. Helv. Chim. Acta, 42, 15571572.

Knecht, S. (1962). Magische Pilze and Pilzzeremonien. Zeitschrift fur Pilzkunde, 28, 6978.

Kaplan, R.H. (1975). The sacred mushroom in Scandinavia. Man, 10, 72-79.

Larris, S. (1984). Psilocybinsvampe. Svampe, 9, 23-29.

Lloyd, J.U. (1895). Etidorhpa. Robert Clarke Company, Cincinnati.

Margot, P. & Watling, R. (1981). Studies in Australian Agarics and Boletes 2. Further studies in Psilocybe. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 76, 485-489.

McKenna, T. (1992). Food of the Gods. Bantam, New York.

Ott, J. (1976). Hallucinogenic Plants of North America. Wingbow Press, Berkeley, CA.

Ott, J. (1993). Pharmacotheon. Natural Products Co., Kennewick, WA.

Ott, J. & Bigwood, J. (1978). Teonanacatl -Hallucinogenic Mushrooms of North America. Madrona Publishers Inc., Seattle, WA.

Pollock, S.H. (1975). The psilocybin mushroom pandemic. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 7, 73-84.

Pollock, S.H. (1977/78). Psychotropic mushrooms and the alteration of consciousness: 1: The ascent of psilocybian mushroom consciousness. Journal of Altered States of Consciousness, 3, 15-35.

Pollock, S.H. (19 . Psilocybian mycetismus with special reference to Panaeolus. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 8, 43-57.

Ratsch, C. (1989). Gateway to Inner Space. Prism Press.

Riedlinger, T.J. (1990). The Sacred Mushroom Seeker: Essays for R. Gordon Wasson. Dioscorides Press, Portland, OR.

Ruck, C A P., Bigwood, J., Staples, D., Ott, J. & Wasson, R. G. (1979). Entheogens. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 11, 145-147.

Sahiti, A. (1990). Drogen von A-Z. Beltz Weinheim-Basel.

Samorini, G. (1992). The oldest representations of hallucinogenic mushrooms in the world (Sahara Desert, 9,000-7,000 B.C.), Integration, 2&3, 69-79.

Schroder, R.F. & Guzman, G. (1981). A psychotropic fungus in Nepal. Mycotaxon, 13, 346-348.

Schultes, R.E. & Hofmann, A. (1979). Plants of the Gods. McGraw-Hill Book Company (UK) Limited, Maidenhead.

Schultes, R.E. & Hofmann, A. (1980). The Botany and Chemistry of Hallucinogens.

Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Springfield, Illinois.

Seeger, R. (1985). Psilocybin. Deutsche Apothekerzeitung, 125, 65-66.

Shulgin, A T. & Shulgin, A. (1996). TIHKAL. Transform Press, Berkeley, CA.

Siegel, R.K. (1985). New trends in drug use among youth in California. Bulletin on Narcotics, 37, 7-17.

Singer, R. (1958). Pilze, die Zerebralmyzetismen verursachen. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Pilzkunde, 36, 81-89.

Singer, R. (1958). Mycological investigation on teonanacatl, the Mexican hallucinogenic mushroom. 1: The history of teonanacatl, field work and culture work. Mycologia, 50, 239261.

Stamets, P. (1982). Psilocybe Mushrooms and their Allies (2nd ed.). Homestead Book Co, Seattle, WA.

Stamets, P. & Gartz, J. (1995). A new caerulescent Psilocybe from the Pacific Coast of Northwestern America. Integration, 6, 2127.

Thompson, J.P., Anglin, M.G., Emboden, W. & Fischer, D.G. (1985). Mushroom use by college students. Journal of Drug Education, 15, 111-124.

Wasson, R.G. (13 May 1957). Seeking the magic mushroom. Life, 13 May: 42(19), 100ff.

Wasson, R.G., Kramrisch, S., Ott, J. & Ruck, CPA. (1986). Persephone's Quest -Entheogens and the Origins of Religion. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

Wasson, V.P. (1957). 1 ate the sacred mushrooms. This Week Magazine, 19 May, 8ff.

Watling, R. (1983). Hallucinogenic mushrooms.

Journal of the Forensic Sciences Society, 23, 53-66.

Weil, A.T. (1977). The use of psychoactive mushrooms in the Pacific Northwest: An ethnopharmacological report. Botanical Museum Leaflets, Harvard University, 25, 131-149.

2. Medical-pharmacological Literature

Aboul-Enein, H.Y. (1974). Psilocybin: a pharmacological profile. American Journal of Pharmacology, 146, 91-95.

Barnett, B.E.W. (1971). Diazepam treatment for LSD intoxication. The Lancet, 270.

Benjamin, C. (1979). Persistent psychiatric symptoms after eating psilocybin mushrooms.

British Medical Journal, 1319-1320.

Charters, A.D. (1957). Mushroom poisoning in

Kenya. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 51, 265-270.

Cooles, P. (1980). Abuse of the mushroom

Panaeolus foenisecii. British Medical Journal, 446-447.

Dittrich, A. & Scharfetter, C. (1987). Ethno psychotherapie. Enke, Stuttgart (Germany).

Differences in the reaction of psilocybin in brain damaged subjects as related to the location of the lesion. Activitas Superior Nervosa, 9, 418-420.

Fischer, R. & Goldman, H. (1975). Therapeutic usefulness of hallucinogenic drugs as a function of their chemical structure. Pharmakopsychatrie /Neuro-

Psychopharamakologie, 8, 176-178.

Fischer, R. & Rockey, M. (1967). Psilocybin. Experientia, 23, 150.

Francis, J. & Murray, V.S.G. (1983). Review of enquiries made to the NPIS concerning Psilocybe mushroom ingestion, 1978-1981. Human Toxicology, 2, 349-352.

Grinspoon, L. & Bakalar, J.B. (1981). Psychedelic Drugs Reconsidered. Basic Books, New York.

Grof, S. (1975). Realms of the Human Unconscious: Observations from LSD Research. The Viking Press, Esalen, CA.

Grof, S. (1981). LSD Psychotherapy. Hunter H ouse, New York.

Grof, S. Halifax, J. (1977). The Human Encouner _with Death. E.P. Dutton, New York.

Harries, A.D. & Evans, V. (1981). Sequelae of a "magic mushroom banquet". Postgraduate Medical Journal, 57, 571-572.

Hyde, C., Glancy, G., Omerod, P., Hall, D. & Taylor, G.S. (1973). Abuse of indigenous psilocybin mushrooms: a new fashion and some psychiatric complications. British Journal of Psychiatry, 132, 602-604

Leuner, H. (1968). Ist die Verwendung von LSD-25 fur die experimentelle Psychiatrie heute noch vertretbar? Der Nervenarzt, 39, 356-360.

Leuner, H. (1981). Halluzinogene. Hans Huber (Bern/Stuttgart/Wien).

Malitz, S., Esconer, H., Wilkens, B. & Hoch, P.H. (1960). Some observations on psilocybin, a new hallucinogen, in volunteer subjects. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 1, 8-17. McCarthy, J.P. (1971). Some less familiar drugs of abuse. Medical Journal of Australia, 2, 1078-1081.

McCawley, E.L., Brumett, R.E. & Dana, G.W. (1962). Convulsions from Psilocybe mushroom poisoning. Proceedings of the Western Pharmacological Society, 5, 27-33.

McGlothlin, W.H. & Arnold, D O. (1971). LSD revisited: A ten-year follow-up of medical LSD use. Archives of General Psychiatry, 24, 35-49.

Mills, PR., Lesinkas, D. & Watkinson, G. (1979). The danger of hallucinogenic mushrooms. Scottish Medical Journal, 24, 316-317.

Parashos, A.J. (1976/77). The psilocybin-induced "state of drunkenness" in normal volunteers and schizophrenics. Behavioral

Neuropsychiatry, 8, 83-86.

Peden, N.R., Bissett, A.F., Macaulay, K.E.C. & Pelosi, A.J. (1981). Clinical toxicology of "magic mushroom" ingestion. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 57, 543-545.

Peden, N R. & Pringle, S.D. (1982). Hallucinogenic fungi. The Lancet, 13 Feb., 396-397.

Peden, N R. & Pringle, S.D. & Crocks, J. (1982). The problem of psilocybin mushroom abuse. Human Toxicology, 1, 417-424.

Schwartz, R.H. & Smith, D.E. (1988). Hallucinogenic mushrooms. Clinical Pediatrics, 27, 70-73.

Southcott, R.V. (1974). Notes on some poisonings and other clinical effects following ingestion of Australian fungi. South Australian Clinics, 6, 441-478.

Stein, S.I. (1958). An unusual effect from a species of Mexican mushrooms Psilocybe cubensis Mycopath. et Mycol. Applicata, 9, 263-264.

Stein, S.I. (1959). Clinical observations on the effects of Panaeolus venenosus versus Psilocybe caerulescens mushrooms. Myco-logia, 51, 49-50.

Trotter, J.E. (1944). A report of nine cases of fungus poisoning. Medical Journal of Australia, 1, 393.

Van Went, G.E. (1978). Mutagenicity testing of three hallucinogens: LSD, psilocybin and O9-THC, using the micronucleus test. Experientia, 34, 324-325.

Widmer, S. (1989). Uber MDMA and LSD: Die unerwunschte Psychotherapie. Nachtschatten Verlag, Solothurn (Switzerland).

Young, R.E., Milroy, R., Hutchison, S. & Kesson, C.M. (1982). The rising price of mushrooms. The Lancet, 23 Jan., 213-215.

3. General Reference Books

Bresadola, J. (1931). Iconographia mycologica

18. Mediolani. Bresinsky, A. & Besl, H. (1985). Giftpilze. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Stuttgart (Germany). Buch, R. (1952). Die Bldtterpilze des nordwestlichen Sachsens. Leipzig (Germany). Cooke, M.C. (1880-90). Illustrations of British Fungi. London. Flammer, R. (1980). Differentialdiagnose der

Pilzvergiftungen. Fischer Stuttgart (Germany). Flammer, R. & Horak, E. (1980). Giftpilze -

Pilzgifte. Franckh Stuttgart (Germany). Heim, R. (1967). Nouvelles Investigations sur les Champignons Hallucinogenes. Museum Nationale d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Heim, R. (1969). Champignons d'Europe. Boubee

& Cie., Paris. Heim, R. & Wasson, R.G. (1958/9). Les champignons hallucinogenes du Mexique. Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Kuhner, R. & Romagnesi, H. (1953). Fiore analytique des champignons supirieurs. Masson & Cie., Paris. Lange, J.E. & Lange, M. (1962). 600 Pilze in Farben. Bayrischer Landwirtschaftsverlag Munchen (Germany). Michael, E. & Schulz, R. (1927). Fuhrer fur

Pilzfreunde, Bd. 2. Leipzig (Germany). Michael, E., Hennig, B. & Kreisel, H. (Eds.), (1978-8 ). Handbuch fur Pilzfreunde, Bd. 1-6. ustav Fischer Jena (Germany). Moser, . (1983). "Die Rohrlinge and Blatterpilze". In: Kleine Kryptogamenflora by H. Gams, Vo1.2b/2, 5th ed. Stuttgart (Germany). Phillips, R. (1981). Das Kosmosbuch der Pike. Stuttgart (Germany). Ricken, A. (1915). Die Bldtterpilze. Leipzig (Germany).

Wasson, R.G. & Wasson, V.P. (1957). Mushrooms, Russia and History. Pantheon, New York.

Wasson, R.G. (1974). Maria Sabina and her Mazatec Mushroom Velada. Harcourt Brace Janovich, New York. Wasson, R.G. (1980). The Wondrous Mushroom: Mycolatry in Mesoamerica. McGraw-Hill, New York.

4. Mushrooom Cultivation

Agurell, S., Blomkvist, S. & Catalfomo, P. (1966). Biosynthesis of psilocybin in submerged culture of Psilocybe cubensis. Acta

Agurell, S. & Nilsson, L.G. (1968). Biosynthesis of psilocybin. Acta Chem. Scand., 22, 12101218.

Agurell, S. & Nilsson, L.G. (1968). A biosynthesis sequence from tryptophan to psilocybin. Tetrahedron Letters, 9, 1063-1064.

Ames, R.W., Singer, R., Stein, S.I. & Smith, A.H. (1958). The influence of temperature on mycelial growth of Psilocybe, Panaeolus and Copelandia. Mycopathologia, 9, 268-274. Badham, E.R.(1980). The effect of light upon basidiocarp initiation in Psilocybe cubensis. Mycologia, 72, 136-142.

Badham, E.R. (1982). Tropisms in the mushroom Psilocybe cubensis. Mycologia, 74, 275-279.

Badham, E.R. (1984). Modeling growth, development, transpiration and translocation in the mushroom Psilocybe cubensis. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 111, 159-164.

Badham, E.R. & Kincaid, D.T. (1984). Analysis of anemotropism in the mushroom Psilocybe cubensis. Canadian Journal of Botany, 62, 296-300.

Badham, E.R. (1985). The influence of humidity upon transpiration and growth in Psilocybe cubensis. Mycologia, 77, 932-939.

Bigwood, J. & Beug, M.W. (1982). Variation of psilocybin and psilocin levels with repeated flushes (harvests) of mature sporocarps of Psilocybe cubensis (Earle) Singer. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 5, 287-291.

Brack, A., Hofmann, A., Kalberer, F., Kobel, H. & Rutschmann, J. (1961). Tryptophan als biogenetische Vorstufe des Psilocybins. Archiv der Pharmazie., 294, 230-234. Catalfomo, P. & Tyler, V.E. (1964). The production of psilocybin in submerged culture by Psilocybe cubensis. Lloydia, 21, 53-63. Clemencon, H. (1994). Der Nodulus and die Organogenese wahrend der fruhen Frucht-korperentwicklung von Psilocybe cyanescens. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 60, 49-68.

Gartz, J. (1987). Variation der Indolakaloide von Psilocybe cubensis durch unterschiedliche Kultivierungsbedingungen. Beitrdge zur Kenntnis der Pilze Mitteleuropas, 3, 275-281. Gartz, J. (1989). Biotransformation of tryptamine in fruiting mycelia of Psilocybe cubensis. Planta Medica, 55, 249-250.

Gartz, J. (1989). Biotransformation of tryptamine derivates in mycelial cultures of Psilocybe. Journal of Basic Microbiology, 29, 347-352. Gartz, J. (1989). Bildung and Verteilung der Indolalkaloide in Fruchtkorpern, Mycelien and Sklerotien von Psilocybe cubensis.

Beitrdge zur Kenntnis der Pilze Europas, 5, 167-174.

Gartz, J. & Muller G.K. (1990). Versuche zur Kultur von Gymnopilus purpuratus, Purpur-flammling. Mykologisches Mitteilungsblatt (Germany), 33, 29-30.

Gartz, J., Adam, G. & Vorbrodt, H.M. (1990). Growth-promoting effect of a brassinosteroid in mycelial cultures of the fungus Psilocybe cubensis. Naturwissenschaften, 77, 388-389.

Heim, R. & Cailleux, R. (1957). Culture pure et obtention semi-industrielle des Agarics hallucinogens du Mexique. Compt. Rend., 244, 3109-3114.

Heim, R., Hofmann, A., Brack, A., Kobel, H. & Cailleux, R. (1959). Verfahren zur Herstellung and Gewinnung von Psilocybin andPsilocin. Patent 1087321-C12d30hc. Kneebone, L.R. (1960). Methods for the production of certain hallucinogenic agarics. Abstract. Dev. Ind. Micro., 1, 109.

Leung, A.Y. & Paul, A G. (1968). Baeocystin and norbaeocystin: New analogs of psilocybin from Psilocybe baeocystis. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 57, 1667-1671.

Leung, A.Y., Smith, A.H. & Paul, A G. (1968). Production of psilocybin in Psilocybe baeocystis saprophytic culture. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 54, 1576-1579.

Leung, A.Y. & Paul, AG. (1969). The relationships of carbon and nitrogen nutrition of Psilocybe baeocystis to the production of psilocybin and its analogs. Lloydia, 32, 6671.

Neal, J.M., Benedict, R.G. & Brady, R. (1968). Interrelationship of phosphate nutrition, nitrogen metabolism and accumulation of key secondary metabolites in saprophytic culture of Psilocybe cubensis, Psilocybe cyanescens and Panaeolus campanulatus. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 57, 1661-1667.

Oss, O.T. & Oeric, O.N. (1976). Psilocybin: Magic Mushroom Grower's Guide. And/Or Press, Berkeley, CA.

Pollock, S.H. (1977). Magic Mushroom Cultivation. Herbal Medicine Research Foundation, San Antonio, TX.

Stamets, P. & Chilton, J.S. (1983). The Mushroom Cultivator. Agarikon Press Olympia, WA.

Stamets, P. (1993). Growing Gourmet & Medicinal Mushrooms. Ten Speed Press,

5. Popular Literature

Cooper, R. (1980). A Guide to British Psilocybin Mushrooms (2nd ed.). Hessle Free Press, London.

Estrada, A. (1980). Maria Sabina - Botin der heiligen Pike. Trikont, Miinchen (Germany).

Haard, R. & Haard, K. (1980). Poisonous & Hallucinogenic Mushrooms (2nd ed.). Homestead Book Company, Seattle, WA.

Harris, B. (1989). Growing Wild Mushrooms (revised edition). Homestead Book Company, Seatlle, WA.

Leary, T. (1990). Flashbacks: A Personal and Cultural History of an Era. J.P. Tarcher Inc., Los Angeles.

Menser, G.P. (1984). Magic Mushroom Handbook. Homestead, Seattle, WA. Stafford, P (1992). Psychedelics Encyclopedia (third expanded edition). Ronin Publishing, Berkeley, CA.

Stevens, J. & Gee, R. (1987). How to Identify and Grow Psilocybin Mushrooms. Sun Magic Publishing, Seattle, WA.

6. Conocybe

Benedict, R.G., Brady, L.R., Smith, A.H. & Tyler, V.E. (1962). Occurrence of psilocybin and psilocin in certain Conocybe and Psilocybe species. Lloydia, 25, 156-159.

Benedict, R.G., Tyler, V.E. & Watling, R. (1967). Blueing in Conocybe, Psilocybe and a Stropharia species and the detection of psilocybin. Lloydia, 30, 150-157.

Christiansen, A.L., Rasmussen, K.E. & Holland, K. (1984). Detection of psilocybin and psilocin in Norwegian species of Pluteus and Conocybe. Planta Medica, 51, 341-343.

Gartz, J. (1985). Zur Analytik der Inhaltsstoffe zweier Pilzarten der Gattung Conocybe. Pharmazie, 40, 366.

Ohenoja, E., Jokiranta, J., Maekinen, T., Kaikkonen, A. & Airaksinen, M.M. (1987). The occurrence of psilocybin and psilocin in Finnish fungi. Journal of Natural Products, 50, 741-744.

7. Galerina

Besl, H. (1993). Galerina steglichii spec. nov., ein halluzinogener Haubling. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 59, 215-218.

Gartz, J. (1995). Cultivation and analysis of

Psilocybe species and an investigation of Galerina steglichii. Ann. Mus. Civ. Rovereto (Italy) Sez. sc. nat., 10, 297-305.

8. Gymnopilus

Buck, R. W. (1967). Psychedelic effect of Pholiota spectabilis. New England Journal of Medicine, 267, 391-392.

Cleland, J. B. (1934). Toadstools and mushrooms and other larger fungi of South Australia. Adelaide.

Gartz, J. (1989). Occurrence of psilocybin, psilocin and baeocystin in Gymnopilus purpuratus. Persoonia, 14, 19-22.

Hatfield, G.M., Valdes, L.J. & Smith, A.H. (1978). The occurrence of psilocybin in Gymnopilus species. Lloydia, 41, 140-144.

Koike, Y., Wada, K., Kusano, G., Nozoe, S. & Yokoyama, K. (1981). Isolation of psilocybin from Psilocybe argentipes and its determination in specimens of some mushrooms. Journal of Natural Products, 44, 362-365.

Kreisel, H. & Lindequist, U. (1988). Gymnopiluspurpuratus, ein psilocybinhaltiger Pilz adventiv im Bezirk Rostock. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 54, 73-76.

Singer, R. (1969). Mycoflora Australis. Beih. Nova Hedwiga, 29.

Singer, R. (1975). The Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy (3rd ed.). Vaduz.

Walters, M.B. (1965). Pholiota spectabilis, a hallucinogenic fungus. Mycologia, 57, 837838.

9.Inocybe

Babos, M. (1968). Eine neue Inocybe-Art in Ungarn: Inocybe aeruginascens n.sp. Fragmenta Botanica, 6, 19-22. Babos, M. (1983). Beobachtungsangaben bei einer halluzinogenen Inocybe-Art (in Hungarian, with German summary). Mikologicie Kozlemenyek, 3, 143. Bekker, A.M., Guervich, L.S., Nezdoiminogo, E.L., Onoprienko, B.B. & Koz'min, Y.P. (1989). Chromatographische Studie einiger Indolmetabolite in der Gattung Inocybe (Basidiomyceten) 2 (in Russian). Mikol. Fitopatol, 23, 129, ref. C A. 111, 53870a. Besl, H. & Mack, P. (1.985). Halluzinogene Risspilze. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 51, 183184.

Bohus, G. & Babos, M. (1977). Fungorum rariorum icones coloratae Pars 8. J. Cramer (Liechtenstein).

Drewitz, G. (1983). Eine halluzinogene Risspilzart. Grunlichverfarbender Risspilz (Inocybe aeruginescens). Mykologisches Mitteilungsblatt, 26, 11-17.

Gartz, J. (1985). Vergleichende diinn-schichtchromatographische Untersuchungen zweier Psilocybe- and einer halluzinogenen Inocybeart. Pharmazie, 40, 134.

Gartz, J. & Drewitz, G. (1985). Der erste Nachweis des Vorkommens von Psilocybin in Risspilzen. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 51, 199203.

Gartz, J. (1986). Nachweis von Tryptamin-derivaten in Pilzen der Gattungen Gerronema, Hygrocybe, Psathyrella and von Inocybe. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen, 181, 275-278.

Gartz, J. (1986). Psilocybin in Mycelkulturen von Inocybe aeruginascens. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen, 181, 511-517.

Gartz, J. (1986). Untersuchungen zum Vorkommen des Muscarins in Inocybe aeruginascens Babos. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 52, 359-361.

Gartz, J. & Drewitz, G. (1986). Der Grunlich-erfarbende Risspilz - eine Inocybeart mit halluzinogener Wirkung. Zeitschrift fur Arztliche Fortbildung, 80, 551-553.

Gartz, J. (1987). Variation der Alkaloidmengen in Fruchtkorpern von Inocybe aeruginascens. PlantaMedica, 53, 539-541.

Gartz, J. (1989). Analysis of aeruginascin in fruiting bodies of the mushroom Inocybe aeruginascens. International Journal of Crude Drug Research, 27, 141-144.

Gurevich, L.S.: Psilocybin and muscarin as possible chemotaxonomic markers of the genus Inocybe (Fr.)Fr.(Cortinariaceae)(rus.) cit.in: Chemical Abstracts, 118, 35586c.

Haeselbarth, G., Michaelis, H. & Salnikow, J. (1985). Nachweis von Psilocybin in Inocybe aeruginascens Babos. Mykologisches Mitteilungsblatt, 28, 59-62.

Hohmeyer, H. (1984). Inocybe aeruginascens Babos in Berlin(West) gefunden. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 50, 211-214.

Kaspar, R. (1977). Inocybe aeruginascens bei Berlin-Kopenick - Erstfund fur die DDR. Mykologisches Mitteilungsblatt, 21, 99.

Robbers, J.E., Brady, L.R. & Tyler, V.E. (1964). A chemical & chemotaxonomic evaluation of Inocybe species. Lloydia, 27, 192.

Semerdzieva, M., Wurst, M., Koza, T. & Gartz, J. (1986). Psilocybin in Fruchtkorpern von Inocybe aeruginascens. Planta Medica, 47, 8385.

Stijve, T., Klan, J. & Kuyper, Th.W. (1985). Occurrence of psilocybin and baeocystin in the genus Inocybe (Fr.)Fr. Persoonia, 12, 469473.

Stijve, T. & Kuyper, Th. W. (1985). Occurrence of psilocybin in various higher fungi from several European countries. Planta Medica, 46, 385-387.

10. Panaeolus

Aberdeen, J.E.C. & Jones, W. (1958). A hallucinogenic toadstool. Australian Journal of Science, 21, 149.

Benedict, R.G. & Tyler, V.E. (1962). Examination of mycelial cultures of Panaeolus species for tryptophan hydroxylase activity. Lloydia, 25, 46-54.

Bergner, H. & Oettel, R. (1971). Vergiftungen durch Dungerlinge. Mykologisches Mitteilungsblatt (Germany), 15, 61-63.

Brodie, H.J. (1935). The heterothallism of Panaeolus subbalteatus Berk., a sklerotium-producing agaric. Canadian Journal of Research, 12, 657-666.

Ceruti-Scurti, J., Fuisselli, N. & Jodici, R. (1972). Idrossi-indol derivati in basidiomiceti 3. Allionia, 19, 91-96.

Ceruti-Scurti, J. & Bianco, M.A. (1973). Caratteristiche colturali di miceli di Panaeolus. Allionia, 19, 5.

Douglass, B. (1917). Mushroom poisoning. Torreya, 17, 207-221.

Fiusello, N. & Ceruti-Scurti, J. (1971-72). Idrossi-indol derivati in basidiomiceti 1. Atti della Accad. science di Torino, 106, 725.

Fiusello, N. & Ceruti-Scurti, J. (1972). Idrossi-indol derivati in basidiomiceti 2. Allionia, 18, 85-90.

Gartz, J. (1985). Zum Nachweis der Inhaltsstoffe einer Pilzart der Gattung Panaeolus. Pharmazie, 40, 431.

Gartz, J. (1985). Zur Analyse von Panaeolus campanulatus (Fr.)Quel. Pharmazie, 40, 432.

Gartz, J. (1989). Analyse der Indolderivate in Fruchtkorpern and Mycelien von Panaeolus subbalteatus (Berk.& Br.)Sacc. Biochem. Physiol.

Pflanzen, 184, 171-178.

Gerhardt, E. (1987). Panaeolus cyanescens (Bk.& Br.)Sacc. and Panaeolus antillarum (Fr.)Dennis, zwei Adventivarten in Mitteleuropa. Beitrdge zur Kenntnis der Pilze Mitteleuropas, 3, 223-227.

Glen, G. (1816). A case proving the deleterious effects of the Agaricus campanulatus which was mistaken for the Agaricus campestis or champignon. London Medical and Physical Journal, 36, 451-453.

Gurevich, L.S. (1993). Indole derivatives in certain Panaeolus species from East Europe and Siberia. Mycological Research, 97, 251254.

Heim, R., Hofmann, A. & Tscherter, H. (1966). Toxicologie: Sur une intoxication collective a syndrome psilocybien causee en France par un Copelandia. C.R. Acad. Sci. (D) (Pars), 262, 519-523.

Murrill, W.A. (1916). A very dangerous mushroom. Mycologia, 8, 186-187.

Neuhoff, W. (1958). Eine Dungerlingsvergiftung in Bremen. Zeitschrift fur Pilzkunde, 24, 87-91.

Ola'h, G.M. (1970). Le genre Panaeolus. Rev. Mycol., Hors-Serie 10, 1-222.

Ott, J. & Guzman, G. (1976). Detection of psilocybin in species of Psilocybe, Panaeolus and Psathyrella. Llyodia, 39, 258-260.

Pollock, S.H. (1974). A novel experience with Panaeolus - a case study from Hawaii. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 6, 85-89.

Repke, D.B., Leslie, D.T. & Guzman, G. (1977). Baeocystin in Psilocybe, Conocybe and Panaeolus. Lloydia, 40, 566-578.

Robbers, J.E., Tyler, V.E. & Ola'h, G.M. (1969). Additional evidence supporting the occurrence of psilocybin in Panaeolus foenisecii. Lloydia, 32, 399-400.

Singer, R. & Smith, A.H. (1958). About the identity of the "weed Panaeolus" or "poisonous Panaeolus". Mycopathol. Mycol. Appl., 9, 280-284.

Stein, S.I., Closs, GL. & Gabel, N.W. (1959). Observations on psychoneurophysiologically significant mushrooms. Mycopathol. Mycol. Applicata, 11, 205-216.

Stijve, T., Hischenhuber, C. & Ashley, D. (1984). Occurrence of 5-hydroxy lated indole derivatives in Panaeolina foenisecii (Fries) Kuehner from various origins. Zeitschrift fur Mykologie, 50, 361-368. Stijve, T. (1985). Een chemische verkenning van het geslacht Panaeolus. Coolia, 28, 81-89. Stijve, T. (1987). Vorkommen von Serotonin, Psilocybin and Harnstoff in Panaeoloideae. Beitrdge zur Kenntnis der Pilze Mitteleuropas, 3, 229-234.

Stijve, T. (1992). Psilocin, psilocybin, serotonin & urea in Panaeolus cyanescens from various origins. Persoonia, 15, 117-121.

Tyler, V.E. & Malone, M.H. (1960). An investigation of the culture, constituents & physiological activity of Panaeolus campanulatus. J. Amer. Pharm. Assoc., Sci. Ed., 49, 23-27.

Verrill, A.E. (1914). A recent case of mushroom intoxication. Science, 40, 408-410. Watling, R. (1977). A Panaeolus poisoning in Scotland. Mycopathologia, 61, 187-190.

11. Pluteus

Gartz, J. (1987). Vorkommen von Psilocybin and Baeocystin in Fruchtkorpern von Pluteus salicinus. PlantaMedica, 53, 290-291.

Saupe, S.G. (1981). Occurrence of psilocybin / psilocin in Pluteus salicinus (Pluteaceae). Mycologia, 73, 781-784.

Stijve, T. & Bonnard, J. (1986). Psilocybine et uree dans le genre Pluteus. Mycologia Helvetica, 2, 123-129.

12. Psilocybe cyanescens Complex

Gartz, J. & Muffler, G.K. (1989). Analysis and cultivation of fruiting bodies and mycelia of Psilocybe bohemica. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen, 184, 337-341.

Guzman, G. & Bas, C. (1977). A new bluing species of Psilocybe from Europe. Persoonia, 9, 233-238.

Krieglsteiner, G.J. (1984). Studien zum Psilocybe cyanescens-Komplex in Europa. Beitrdge zur Kenntnis der Pike Mitteleuropas, 1,61-94.

Krieglsteiner, G.J.(1986). Studien zum Psilocybe cyanescens-callosa-semilanceata-Komplex in Europa. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Pike Mitteleuropas, 2, 57-72.

Kysilka, R., Wurst, M., Pacakova, V., Stulik, K. & Haskovec, L. (1985). High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of hallucinogenic indoleamines with simultaneous UV, photometric and voltametric detection. Journal of Chromatography, 320, 414420.

Kysilka, R. & Wurst, M. (1989). Highperformance liquid chromatographic determination of some psychotropic indole derivates. Journal of Chromatography, 464, 434-437.

Kysilka, R. & Wurst, M. (1990). A novel extraction procedure for psilocybin and psilocin determination in mushroom samples. Planta Medica, 56, 327-328.

Moser, M. & Horak, E. (1968). Psilocybe serbica spec. nov., eine neue Psilocybin and Psilocin bildende Art aus Serbien. Zeitschrift fur Pilzkunde, 34, 137-144.

Muller, G.K. & Gartz, J. (1986). Psilocybe cyanescens - eine weitere halluzinogene Kahlkopfart in der DDR. Mykologisches Mitteilungsblatt (Germany), 29, 33-35.

Sebek, S. (1980). Bohmischer Kahlkopf, Psilocybe bohemica. Ceska Mykologie, 37, 177-181.

Semerdzieva, M. & Nerud, F. (1973). Halluzinogene Pilze in der Tschechoslowakei. Ceska Mykologie, 27, 42-47.

Semerdzieva, M. & Wurst, M. (1986). Psychotrope Inhaltsstoffe zweier Psilocybe-Arten/Kahlkopfe aus der CSSR. Mykologi-sches Mitteilungsblatt (Germany), 29, 65-70. Tjallingii-Beukers, D. (1976). Een blauw-wordernde Psilocybe (Psilocybe cyanescens Wakefield 1946). Coolia, 19, 38-43.

Unger, S.E. & Cooks, R.G. (1979). Application of mass spectometry, mass spectometry (MS/MS) to the identification of natural products in Psilocybe cyanescens. Analytical Letters 12 (Part B), 1157-1167.

Wurst, M., Kysilka, R. & Koza, T. (1992). Analysis and isolation of indole alkaloids of fungi by high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography, 593, 201-208.

13. Psilocybe semilanceata (Liberty Cap)

Brenneisen, R. & Borner, S. (1988). The occurrence of tryptamine derivatives in Psilocybe semilanceata. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung, 43c, 511-515.

Brenneisen, R., Borner, S., Peter-Oesch, N. & Schlunegger, U.P. (1988). Synthesis of baeocystin, a natural psilocybin analogue. Arch. Pharm., 321, 487-489.

Christiansen, A.L., Rasmussen, K.E. & Hoiland, K. (1981). The content of psilocybin in Norwegian Psilocybe semilanceata. Planta Medica, 42, 229-235.

Christiansen, A.L., Rasmussen, K.E. & Tonnesen, F. (1981). Determination of psilocybin in Psilocybe semilanceata using high-performance liquid chromatography on a silica column. Journal of Chromatography, 210, 163-167.

Christiansen, A.L., Rasmussen, K.E. (1982). Analysis of indole alkaloids in Norwegian Psilocybe semilanceata using highperformance liquid chromatography and mass spectometry. Journal of Chromatography, 244, 357-364.

Christiansen, A.L., Rasmussen, K.E. (1983). Screening of hallucinogenic mushrooms with high-performance liquid chromatography and multiple detection. Journal of Chromatography, 270, 293-299. Cooke, M.C. (1902-06). Agaric transformations. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 2, 29-30. Dawson P. & Morelli, C. (1975). A Guide to the Major Psilocybin Mushroom of British Columbia: Psilocybe semilanceata. Vancouver.

Fries, E.M. (1818). Observationes Mycologica. Havniae.

Gartz, J. (1985). Zur Isolierung des Baeocystins aus den Fruchtkorpern einer Psilocybeart. Pharmazie, 40, 274. Gartz, J. (1985). Zur Extraktion and Chromatographie des blauen Farbstoffes einer Psilocybeart. Pharmazie, 40, 274-275. Gartz, J. (1985). Zur Untersuchung von Psilocybe semilanceata (Fr.)Kumm. Pharmazie, 40,506. Gartz, J. (1986). Quantitive Bestimmung der Indolderivate von Psilocybe semilanceata (Fr.)Kumm. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen, 181, 117-124.

Gartz, J. (1991). Further investigations on psychoactive mushrooms of the genera Psilocybe, Gymnopilus and Conocybe. Ann. Mus. Civ. Rovereto (Italy) Sez. sc. nat., 7, 265-274.

Heim, R. (1971). A propos des proprietes hailucinogenes du Psilocybe semilanceata. Naturaliste can., 98, 415-424. Heim, R., Genest, K., Hughes, D.W. & Belec, G. (1966). Botanical and chemical characterisation of a forensic mushroom specimen of the genus Psilocybe. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 6, 192-201. Hofmann, A., Heim, R. & Tscherter, H. (1963). Presence de la psilocybine dans une espece europeenne d'Agaric, le Psilocybe semilanceata. Compt. Rend., 257, 10-12. Hoiland, K. (1978). The genus Psilocybe in Norway. Norwegian Journal of Botany, 25, 111-122.

Horak, E. (1968). Synopsis generumAgaricalium

(Die Gattungstypen der Agaricales). In: Beitrage Kryptogamenflora Schweiz, 13. Bern.

Jokiranta, J., Mustola, S., Ohenoja, E. & Airaksinen, M.M. (1984). Psilocybin in Finnish Psilocybe semilanceata. Planta Medica, 50, 2 77-278.

Mantle, P.G. & Waight, E S. (1969). Occurrence of psilocybin in the sporophores of Psilocybe semilanceata. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 53, 302-303.

Michaelis, H. (1977). Psilocybe semilanceata (Fr.)Quel. (Spitzkegeliger Kahlkopf) - Nachweis von Psilocybin in deutschen Funden. Zeitschrift fur Pilzkunde, 43, 305-310.

Repke, D.B. & Leslie, D T. (1977). Baeocystin in Psilocybe semilanceata. J. Pharm. Sci., 66, 113-114.

Schumacher, T. (1976). Hallusinogene sopper. Vare Nyttevekster (Norway), 71, 110-115.

Stahl, E., Brombeer, J. & Eskes, D. (1978). Rauschgiftpilze mit LSD? Archiv Pr Kriminologie, 162, 23-33.

Stijve, T. (1984). Psilocybe semilanceata als hallucinogene paddestoel. Coolia, 27, 36-43. Vanhaelen-Fastre, R. & Vanhaelen, M. (1984). Qualitative and quantitative determinations of hallucinogenic components of Psilocybe mushrooms by reversed-phase highperformance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography, 312, 467-472.

Weil, A.T. (1975). Mushroom hunting in Oregon 3: On the trail of the Liberty Cap. Journal of Psychedelic Drugs, 7, 96-102. White, P.C. (1979). Analysis of extracts from Psilocybe semilanceata by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Journal of

Chromatography, 169, 453-456.

Wurst, M., Semerdzieva, M. & Vokoun, J. (1984). Analysis of psychotropic compounds in fungi of the genus Psilocybe by reversed phase highperformance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography, 286, 229-235.

INDEX (With Active Links' Just Click On A Number To Go To A Page)

Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations

Aberdeen, J.E.C. & Jones, W. 84 Accidental intoxications, 15, 16, 37-38, 45, 51, 61, 8889, 93-94, 102

Aeruginascin, 49

Agaricales, 65, 114 Agaricus campanulatus, 37 Agaricus glutinosus, 16 Agaricus semilanceatus, 16 Agaricus subbalteatus, 37

Alkaloids, 9, 13, 18, 26, 27, 31, 36, 41, 49-50, 55-56,

58-59, 63-65, 69, 88, 102-105, 114 Allen, J.W., 43, 81, 100

Amanita muscaria, 10-11, 115 Amanita phalloides, 61-62 Amanitaceae, 58 Armillaria mellea, 51, 93 Babos, M., 46f, 47 Bad trip, 35, 85f Badham, E.R., 70

Baeocystin, 28, 31, 35-36, 41-42, 49-50, 53, 56, 59,

63, 69, 72, 101-102, 114 Berserkers, 11 Beug, M.W., 56, 61, 79 Bigwood, J., 56, 61, 79

Biochemical reactions (psilocin and psilocybin), 63

Blue meanies, 85

Bluing, 63-65

Bolbitiaceae, 55

Boletes (bluing), 65, 66

Bolond Gomba, 11

Brassinosteroids, 70

Bwyd Ellylon, 10

Champignon (Agaricus bisporis), 21, 37, 62, 67, 69

Chemical races, 41

Clusius, 11

Conocybe spp., 55-56, 63, 69 Conocybe cyanopoda, 55 Conocybe cyanopus, 55-56, 57, 63, 69 Conocybe lactea, 56 Conocybe siligineodes, 55 Conocybe tenera, 56 Contamination, 70 Cooke, M.C., 16, 52, 63, 87 Copelandia spp., 42 Coprinaceae, 55

Coprinarius semilanceatus, 16 Cortinariaceae, 53 Cox, P.A., 98

Cross-breeding experiments, 30, 67 Cullinan, E.R., 96

DAWN, 81

DNA analysis, 30

Dikaryotic mycelia, 65

Dipropyltryptamine, 110

Entheogens, 103

Enzymatic destruction, 63, 65

Enzymes, 63, 65

Epilepsy, 102

Experiences, 25-26, 34-35, 37-38, 42-43, 45-46, 51,

85-86, 90, 93-94, 102, 105, 110-111 Ferencz, I. , 44 Fischer, R., 103, 105, 106 Flammer, R., 115 Flammula purpurata, 52 Flashbacks, 103-104 Fly Agaric, 10-11, 26, 58, 100 Fool's mushrooms, 7, 11-12, 82, 98 Foolish mushrooms, 12 Ford, W.W., 81

Francis, J. & Murray, V.S.G., 89 Fries, E., 16, 31 Fruiting, 66-70 Furrer, 18 Galera spp., 55 Galerina spp., 61-62 Galerina autumnalis, 61 Galerina marginata, 62 Gentamycin, 67 Geophila cyanescens, 29 Gerhardt, E., 41, 42 Gold tops, 85

Good Friday experiment, 34

Gymnopilus junonius, 51

Gymnopiluspurpuratus, 30, 40, 51-54, 63, 71, 72 Gymnopilus spectabilis, 51-52, 93 Gymnopilus validipes, 52

HPLC, see High-performance liquid chromatography Hallucinations, 10-11, 27, 42, 45, 51, 85, 94 Hallucinogens, 10-13, 26, 34, 88-89, 102-105, 108112,115 Hatfield, G.M., 51 Hausner, M., 107, 109

Heim, R., 9, 18, 38, 55-56, 66-67, 69, 79, 82, 100 Henry, D., 96 Herink, J., 31, 44

High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC),18 Hofmann, A., 9, 13, 18, 43, 63, 69, 100, 103 Hyde, C., 87

5-Hydroxy-tryptophan, 41 Hygrophanous species, 19, 22, 31, 39, 41 Hypholoma spp., 29, 96 Hypholoma coprinifacies, 29 Hypholoma cyanescens, 29, 96 Hypnosis, 115 Illusions, 45 Imai, S., 93

Indole compounds, 41-42, 43, 65, 114

Inocybe spp., 26, 44-50, 62-65, 72-75, 81, 89, 91 Inocybe aeruginascens, 26, 44-50, 48, 62-65, 72,

74-75, 91, 117 Inocybe calamistrata, 50 Inocybe coelestium, 50 Inocybe corydalina, 50 Inocybe geophylla, 89 Inocybe haemacta, 50, 52 Inocybe infelix, 81 Inocybe infida, 81 Inocybe patouillardi, 45 Inocybe tricolor, 50 Inquisition, 7, 10 Kaspar, R., 44 Kneebone, L.R., 69 Kreisel, H., 58

LBM's (Little Brown Mushrooms), 44, 61 LD 50, 102

Laccase, 63

Laminar flow hood, 67

Lentinus oreades (shiitake), 93

MDMA, 109

Maitake, 93

Marasmius oreades, 45

Melzer's reagent, 65

Mescaline, 89, 102-103, 105, 108

Metol reaction, 63-65

Mills, P.R., 87 Monokaryotic mycelium, 66 Morphine, 112 Murrill, W.A., 37, 81 Muscarine, 44-45, 49, 62, 65, 81, 85, 89 Mycelia, 7-8, 21-22, 30-31, 34, 41-42, 43, 63-67, 6970, 72, 75, 93, 98, 101 Mycelial degeneration, 72, 75 Mycena spp., 114 Mycophilia, 7, 12, 62 Mycophobia, 8, 12, 62 Mycorrhiza, 46, 66, 72 Naematoloma caerulescens, 100 Nerud, F., 36 Norbaeocystin, 102 Ola'h, G.M., 41, 96, 100 Ololiuqui, 109

Oss, O.T. & Oeric, O.N., 66, 90 Ott, J ,80, 102 Pahnke, W., 34

Panaeolus spp., 16, 35-43, 62, 65, 69, 72, 76, 80-81, 82, 84-85, 94, 96, 98, 100-101

Panaeolus africanus, 96

Panaeolus cambodginiensis, 100

Panaeolus cyanescens, 41, 42, 43, 80-81, 82, 84-85,

96, 98,101 Panaeolusfoeniscecii, 38, 41-42 Panaeolus ovatus, 38, 84 Panaeolus papilionaceus, 37, 93 Panaeolus retirugis, 38, 41 Panaeolus semilanceatus, 16 Panaeolus sphinctrinus, 38

Panaeolus subbalteatus, 6, 37-43, 62, 65, 69, 72, 76,

80-81, 84, 94, 96 Panaeolus tropicales, 96 Panaeolus variabilis, 41 Panaeolus venenosus, 37 Parkinson, J., 12 Peden, N.R., 88 Peyote, 109 Phantastica, 102ff Pholiota spectabilis, 51 Pholiotina filaris, 62 Picker & Rickards, 84 Pluteaceae, 58 Pluteus spp., 58-60 Pluteus nigroviridis, 59 Pluteus salicinus, 58-60, 59, 60 Pollock, S.H., 83 Potocki, V., 12 Prague research, 26, 34 Primordia, 67 Psathyrella, 38

Psilocybe spp., 4, 5, 9, 10-12, 14-15, 16-28, 17, 2324, 29-37, 32-33, 36, 46, 49, 52-53, 56, 6167, 64, 68, 69-70, 71, 73, 72-75, 74, 76-77, 79-81, 82-91, 93-98, 99, 100-102, 104, 109, 113, 114-115, 116, 119 Psilocybe argentipes, 94 Psilocybe aztecorum, 82 Psilocybe azurescens, 81 Psilocybe baeocystis, 27, 31, 69, 79, 102, 119 Psilocybe bohemica, 12, 22, 27, 29, 31, 32-33,

34-36,53, 63, 67, 71, 72, 104, 109 Psilocybe caerulescens, 16, 31 Psilocybe cubensis, 5, 63-65, 64, 67, 68, 69-70, 71,

72, 74, 75, 76-77, 81, 82-85, 90, 93, 96-97, 98, 100-101, 104, 109, 114

Psilocybe cyanescens, 14, 29-36, 32-33, 66-67, 69,

75, 80, 91, 96, 102, 114 Psilocybe mairei, 29, 96 Psilocybe mexicana, 18, 49, 67, 72, 82, 91, 113 Psilocybe natalensis, 72, 97 Psilocybe pelliculosa, 31, 79 Psilocybe samuiensis, 99, 101 Psilocybe semilanceata, 4, 9, 10-12, 15, 16-28, 17, 23-24, 29-30, 37, 46, 52-53, 56, 61-66, 69,

73, 72, 79-81, 87-89, 95-96, 98, 101-102, 109, 114-115, 116

Psilocybe semperviva, 16 Psilocybe serbica, 29 Psilocybe stuntzii, 31, 61-62, 77, 80, 119 Psilocybe subaeruginosa, 84-86 Psilocybe subcaerulipes, 94 Psilocybe subcubensis, 100-101 Psilocybe tampanensis, 72, 117 Psilocybe yungensis, 52 Psilocybe zapotecorum, 69

Psilocybin, 7, 9, 10-13, 20, 27, 29, 31, 34-38, 41-42, 43, 45-46, 49-50, 52-56, 58-59, 63-65, 79-81, 84-85, 87-90, 93-94, 102-105, 108-112, 114-115 Psychedelic therapy, 102-105, 108-112 Psychedelics, 103, 112 Psychiatry, 89,108

Psychoactivity, 11, 26, 27, 31, 51, 103 Psychoanalysis, 109 Psychodysleptica, 103

Psycholytic experience, 35, 102-105, 110-111

Psycholytic therapy, 35, 102-105, 108-112

Psychosynthesis, 109

Psychotherapy, 26, 102-105, 108-112

Receptors (in the brain), 102

Rhizomorphs, 31, 32, 66, 75

Sandoz Pharmaceuticals, 13, 43

Saprophytic species, 55, 58, 66-67, 69, 72

Saxo Grammaticus, 11

Schroeder, R.F., 100

Semerdzieva, M., 36

Singer, R., 38, 42, 43, 53, 63-65, 69, 94, 96 Smith, A.H., 63, 79, 94, 96 Soma, 100 Sowerby, J., 16, 17 Spore prints, 38, 62, 81

Spores, 29-30, 38, 41, 52-53, 55-56, 62, 66-67, 70,

72, 100 Stamets, P., 70, 72, 80, 102 Sterile conditions (cultivation), 67ff Stijve, T., 41-42, 43, 58-59 Stropharia spp., 29, 38, 62, 93, 95-96 Stropharia caerulescens, 93 Stropharia rugoso-annulata, 38, 62 Stropharia venenata, 93 Styrylpyrones, 51 Submersed fermentation, 69 Surface cultivation, 69 Symbiosis (with plants), 46, 72 TLC, see Thin-layer chromatography Tassili rock paintings, 8, 95ff, 97 Taxonomy, 9, 41ff, 82-83, 94, 101 Teonanacatl (Panaeolus sphinctrinus), 7, 12, 38 Thin-layer chromatography (TLC), 36, 41-42, 49, 53 Toxic psychosis, 103 Toxicity, 38, 102, 109 Tryptophan, 66, 69 Tyler, V.E., 79 Urea, 42, 59 Wakefield, 29 Waraitake, 93

Witch hunts, 10-11, 92

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