Notes

1. The interested reader will find comprehensive discussion of this subject in Robert Masters' and Jean Houston's excellent book Psychedelic Art (66). The influence of LSD and psilocybin on the creativity of professional painters has also been uniquely documented in the book Experimental Psychoses (90) by the Czech psychiatrist, J. Roubicek. Oscar Janiger's unpublished collection of professional paintings done under the influence of LSD also deserves to be mentioned in this context.

2. Some concrete examples of relevant insights of this kind are described in my book Realms of the Human Unconscious. (32)

3. Many additional examples of this phenomenon can be found in Arthur Koestler's book The Act of Creation. (48)

4. The interested reader will find more information on the subject in Stanley Krippner's synoptic paper Research in Creativity and Psychedelic Drugs. (51)

5. The most interesting study of this kind was Walter Pahnke's (75) Good Friday experiment conducted in 1964 in the Harvard Chapel in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In this study, ten Christian theological students were given 30 milligrams of psilocybin, and ten others who functioned as a control group received 200 milligrams of nicotinic acid as placebo. The assignment to the two groups was done on a double-blind basis. They all listened to a two-and-a-half-hour religious service that consisted of organ music, vocal solos, readings, prayers, and personal meditation. The subjects who were given psilocybin rated very high on the mystical experience questionnaire developed by Palinke, whereas the response of the control group was minimal.

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