Corydalis yanhusuo

The tubers of Corydalis yanhusuo W. T. Wang (Papaveraceae) are used in TEM mainly as an analgesic in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcer, rheumatism, and dysmenorrhea. C. yanhusuo is one of the medicinally important species of Cory-dalis. The tubers are a source of pharmacologically important alkaloids having analgesic [130], antithrombotic [131], antihypertensive [132], and anti-inflammatory effects [133]. Protopine, a component of C. yanhusuo, has an inhibitory activity on platelet aggregation [134], and DL-tetra-hydropalmatine has a neuroprotective effect in heatstroke-affected rats [135]. It also inhibits calcium anion entry into cells to prevent neuronal death in ischemia-reperfusion rats [136]. It reduced cerebral infarct lesion in focal ischemia-reperfusion injured rats [137].

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