Hallucinogens

The History of Hallucinogens

Rare Mushroom Like Skin

Hundreds of species of plants contain the chemical substances we call hallucinogens, and have been altering the thoughts, moods, and perceptions of animals and people all over the world for thousands of years. A hallucinogen user may see a song, hear purple, or hold seemingly coherent conversations with family pets or house plants. A minute can feel like hours, and hours can feel like seconds. A user might become intrigued by a piece of furniture that appears to walk about the dining room, a...

Hallucinogen Dependency

Hallucinogen Drugs School

Drug addiction is a compulsive craving for a drug and has several components. One of the most important is tolerance the need to use more and more of a drug to achieve the same effects. Since the body becomes tolerant to the effects of many drugs, users eventually feel less of an effect and therefore need to increase the dose of the drug to achieve the same high. This phenomenon of tolerance can increase a person's dependence on drugs. Withdrawal symptoms are also an important component of...

Hallucinogens and the

Examples Hallucinogenic Drug Visuals

Hallucinogens are illegal to use, possess, manufacture, and distribute, yet recreational use of these drugs continues to gain popularity among today's adolescents. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has estimated that 750,000 tablets of Ecstasy are used every weekend in New York and New Jersey alone. Recent reports estimate that over two million tablets of MDMA are smuggled into the United States each week. At every level local, state, and federal the U.S. government attempts to...

The Effect Of Mdma Ecstasy On The

Burnt Brain From Ecstasy

MDMA increases levels of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine in the brain. MDMA does not directly release MDMA increases levels of serotonin in the brain by blocking the serotonin transporter involved in reuptake of the neurotransmitter. As more serotonin becomes available to the brain, it activates more serotonin receptors, thereby producing MDMA's psychological effects. MDMA acts similarly, although to a lesser extent, on the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine. serotonin...

Possession And The

Drug Abuse Control Amendments 1965

The manufacture and distribution of drugs usually carries stricter penalties than simple possession, but it is important to note that even the possession of a small, recreational amount of a hallucinogen can be considered intent to distribute. From a legal perspective, money does not have to be exchanged for a drug transaction to have taken place. Merely giving a friend a dose of Ecstasy or LSD can be considered dealing and subject to harsh legal penalties. availability of chemical precursors...

Teenage Trends and Attitudes

Hallinogen Trand Image

Adolescent trends in drug use have been tracked for over 25 years. Researchers use this wealth of data to predict future drug trends and their possible implications for adolescent health and society at large. Patterns of drug use tend to be inversely related to perceived health risks. For example, in recent years, as knowledge of the health risks from cigarette smoking has increased, the number of teens who smoke has declined. This inverse relationship, however, has not been evident in LSD and...

The Problem With Antidrug

Hallucinogens Drugs Images

There is little scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of antidrug messages or their impact on the drug-use decisions of adolescents. Media campaigns such as the Partnership for a Drug-Free America have yet to be proven effective in the reduction of illegal drug use among adolescents. While these advertisements have been shown to strengthen antidrug attitudes among young children and nondrug-using adults, similar effects have not been seen in the attitudes or drug-using behavior of...

Fly Agaric Mushroom Amanita Muscaria

Mushroom Red Priests

Since prehistoric times, ancient peoples have used the red-capped, white-spotted hallucinogenic mushroom called fly agaric (so named because a substance in the mushroom kills flies) as part of shamanistic rituals. Shamans were priests who acted as a the link to the spirit world. After drinking the extract from this mushroom, shamans translated the divine will and prophecies of the gods for their fellow tribesmen. Since this mushroom is native to Siberia, some say the word shaman originated...

Physical Effects

Although the psychological effects of hallucinogens are often quite subjective, their physical effects are more constant, primarily because psychedelics have similar ways of chemically interacting within our bodies. Typically, hallucinogens can cause feelings of butterflies in the stomach, nausea, vomiting, cold hands and feet, numbness in the face and lips, and changes in coordination. Increased alertness and wakefulness are also characteristic stimulant effects of many hallucinogens, as are...

Route of Exposure

Peyote buttons are typically ingested. Although the dried button of the cactus is the usual form of eating peyote, it is also ground into powders or made into tea. It can be smoked, but this is unusual. Peyote has a nauseating, bitter taste that makes most first time users vomit. The Native Americans who use peyote in their religious ceremonies typically fast before eating it for this reason. Some members of the Native American Church say that when used repeatedly over time during religious...

Psilocybin And Psilocin Psychedelic Mushrooms

Psychedelic mushrooms containing psilocybin and psilocin grow naturally in many parts of the world, including Europe, Southeast Asia, Central and South America, Mexico, along the Gulf Coast, and in much of the southeastern United States. More than a dozen species of hallucinogenic mushrooms grow in the fields and woods of the Pacific Northwest. In fact, researchers have identified over 90 mushroom species that contain psilocybin and psilocin, with more still being discovered. The most commonly...

Serotonin Dopamine And Norepinephrine Psychedelic Messengers

Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that regulates sleep, pain sensation, appetite, mood, sensory perception, aggression, memory, and body temperature it often plays a role in helping us feel relaxed and at ease. The nerve cells that release serotonin are localized in a section of the brain called the raphe nuclei, which is located in the brain stem and lies just at the top of the spinal cord. The brain stem controls our autonomic processes, including, for example, breathing, heart rate, and blood...

Reassurance about the Safety of Hallucinogens

Experts speak of perceived risk versus perceived benefit when attempting to understand teenage trends in drug use. Most of our everyday decisions are based on a balance-scale of these two ideas. When deciding to do something, all of us weigh the pros and cons the benefits and the risks and Roberto, Katie, and Emily had decided to get some LSD about a month ago. It was all planned parents were away for the weekend, tripping with their best friends, a fun escape from the everyday. Everyone except...

Totally Spent MDMA hangover

Yen Sleep Restless, drowsy state after LSD use bread contaminated by ergot caused an epidemic that killed thousands of people in the Middle Ages. In the 1930s, scientists at Sandoz Pharmaceutical Company in Switzerland were developing medicines derived from ergot and discovered compounds that were useful in treating migraine headaches as well as in obstetrics. For instance, certain ergot compounds were found to hasten childbirth by increasing uterine contractions. These medicines, however, did...

Acute And Chronic Effects A Discussion

Short-term, acute effects describe a condition that is temporary and short-lived long-term, chronic effects are cumulative and can last a lifetime. There are consequences to the short-term effects of hallucinogens that can greatly influence a teen's long-term future. Although the hallucinogenic high eventually ends, and therefore is considered temporary, in real-world settings such as the classroom, a hallucinogenic trip can have lasting consequences. The structured activities of the classroom...

Manufacture

Skill, equipment, and access to lysergic acid are required to manufacture LSD illegally. A batch of 25 to 100 grams (0.5 to 2 million dosages, based on a standard dosage of 50 micrograms) can be made in two to three days. The average price is 3 to 6 for a dose. Because LSD is a manufactured drug, there is no assurance that what is being sold as LSD is actually pure. Bad acid, or LSD mixed with drugs or chemicals other than LSD, is cited as a significant cause of bad trips that lead to...

Dental Problems In Ecstasy Users

The amphetamine-like effects of MDMA causes users to clench their jaws and grind their teeth for hours, resulting in serious dental problems. In a 1999 study conducted at a British facility specializing in drug-related medical problems, 60 percent of the Ecstasy users had worn their teeth through the enamel and into the underlying dentine. On average, the users reported taking Ecstasy about four times a month. (The dose was unknown.) Incorporating anecdotal evidence from users, the researchers...