Kaempferia galanga is used as a hallucinogen in New Guinea Throughout the range of this species, the highly aromatic rh1-zome is valued as a spice to fls vor rice, and also in folk medicine as an expectorant and carminative as we1! as an aph-■ odisiac. A tea of the leaves is employed for sore throat, swel lings, rheumatism, and eye infections. In Malaysia, the plant was added to the arrow poison prepared from Antiaris toxicaria
This short-stemmed herb has fiat-spreading, green, round leaves measuring 3-6 in (815 cm) across. The white flowers (with a purple spot on the lip), which are fugacious, appear singly in the center of the plant and attain approximately 1 in (2.5cm) in breadth.
Beyond the high content of essential oil in the rhizome, little is known of the chemistry of the plant. Psychoactive activity might possibly be due to constituents of the essential oils.
On the dry steppes of Turkestan the Tajik, Tatar, Turkoman, and Uzbek tribesmen have used a tea made from the toasted leaves of the mint Lagochilus in-ebrians as an intoxicant. The leaves are frequently mixed with stems, fruiting tops, and flowers, and honey and sugar may occasionally be added to lessen the intense bitterness of the drink.
This plant has been well studied from'trie pharmacological point of view in Russia. It is recommended for its antihemor-rhagic and hemostatic effects to reduce permeability of blood vessels and as an aid in blood coagulation. It has also been considered helpful in treating certain allergies and skin problems. It has sedative properties.
Phytochemical studies have shown the presence of a crystalline compound called lagochi-lir.e—a diterpene of the grinds lian type.
Latua, 6-30ft (2-9 m) tall, has one or more main trunks. The bark is reddish to grayish brown. The spiny branches, rigid end 1 in. (2.5cm) long arise ir, the leaf axils The narrow elliptic leaves dark to light green above, paler beneath, are mai ginally entire or serrate and measure 1%-1% in. 41/2 cm) by %-11/2 in. (1,5-4cm) The flowers have a persistent, bell-shaped, green to purplish calyx and a larger, magenta to red-violet, urceolaie corolla 1%--11/2 in. (3.5-4cm) long, v\in. (1 cm) wide at the mouth. The fruit is a globose berry aboul 1 in. (2.5cm) in diameter, with numerous kidney-shaped seeds
The leaves and fruit of L. pubiflora contain 0.18% hyosc/a mine and atropine and 0.08% scopolamine.
This South African shrub has orange-colored flowers and is reported to be "hallucinogenic." In Africa it is called Dacha, Dag-gha, or Wild Dagga, which means 'wild hemp:' The Hotter tots and the Bush people smoke the buds and the leaves as a narcotic. It is possible that thjs plant is one of the narcotic plants called Kanna (compare to Sceletium tortuosum). The resinous leaves, or the resin ex tracted from the leaves, are smoked alone or mixed with tobacco. Chemical studies are lacking.
In California the plant has been grown and tested, revealing a bitter-tasting smoke and a lightly psychoactive effect that is reminiscent of both Cannabis and Datura. In eastern South Africa, the closely related Leonotis ovata is reportedly used for the same purpose
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