Ericaceae (Heath Family)
Mexico to the Andes; Gala-70 pagos and Falkland Islands-New Zealand
Umbelliferae (Parsley Family)
Temperate zones of Europe, 72 southern Africa, Asia
There are suspicions that this round cactus may be valued in Mexico as a "false Peycte." It is locally known as Peyote and Peyotillo.
A beautiful cactus, P. aselliformis is a solitary, gray-green, tufted cyiindric-conical plant 121/2 in. (2.5-b.5cm), although rarely up to 4in. (10cm) in diameter. The laterally flattened tu bercles are spiraled, not arranged on ribs, and bear very smail scalelike, pectinate spines. The apical bell-shaped flowers measure up to 11/4 in (3 cm) in width; the outer segments are white, the inner red-violet.
Recent investigations have indicated the presence of alkaloids, mescaline among others. When consumed, the cactus has a similar effect to Peyote
Numerous reports indicate that Pernettya is intoxicating. The fruit of P. furens, the Huedhued or Hierba Loca of Chile, causes mental confusion, madness and even permanent insanity The effects of the intoxication are said to be similar to those caused by Datura. Taglli, or P. parvifolia, has toxic fruit capable, when ingested, of inducing hallucinations as well as other psychic and motor alterations.
It has been suggested that Pernettya was employed by aboriginal peoples as a maaico-religicus hallucinogen.
These two species cf Pernet tya are small, sprawling to sub-erect shrubs with densely leafy branches. The flowers are white to rose-tinted. The berrylike fruit is white to purple.
A recent report from highland Eicuador has indicated that a species of Petunia is valued as a hallucinogen It is called Shanin in Ecuador Which group of Indians employs it, what species, and how it is prepared for use are not known. It is said to induce a leeling of levitation or of soaring through the air, a typica. characteristic of many kinds of hallucinogenic intoxications
Most of the cultivated types of Petunia are hybrids derived from the purple-flowered Petunia vioiacea and the white Petunia axillaris. These species are native to southern South America.
Phytochemical studies of the horticulturally important genus Petunia are lacking, but as a so-'anaceous group allied to Nicotians—the tobaccos—it may well contain biologically active principles.
Peucedanum japonicum is a stout perennial blue-green herb with thick roots and short rhizomes. The solid, fibrous stems attain a length of 20-40in (0.51 m). The thick leaves are 8-24in. (20-61 cm) long, twice or thrice ternate with obovate' cuneate leaflets 11A-21/2 in. (36 cm) long The flowers are borne in umbellate clusters. The 10 to 20 rays are %-1 !4 in. (2-3cm) long The ellipsoid fruit is minutely hairy, 11/2—2 in (3.5-5cm) long. This plant is common on sandy places near sep shores.
The root of Fang-K'uei is employed medicinally in China as an eliminative, diuretic, tussic, and sedative. Although thought to be rather deleterious, it may with prolonged use, have tonic effects.
Alkaloidal constituents have been reported from Peucedanum. Coumarin and furocou-marin are widespread in the genus and occur in P. japoni cum.
P3ILCCYBE (Fr.) Quelet (180)
Psilocybe cubensis (Earle) Sing. San Isidro
Nearly cosmopolitan in the ,£> tropics tefe •
Phalanx arundinacea L. Red Canary Grass
PHRAGMITES Adans (1)
PHYTOLACCA L. (36)
This perennial grass has grayish green stalks that grow to 6 ft (2 m) and can be split lengthwise. The iong, broad leaves have rough edges The panicle can take on a light green or red-viclet coloration. The calyx holds one flower.
The Red Canary Grass was known already in antiquity Thus far, no traditional use of Phalaris arundinacea as a psychoactive substance is known
The psychoactive constituents of Phalaris were first no ticed by a phytochemical study on grasses done for agricultural purposes. It is possible that in the past few years "cellar shamans" might have been experi menting with a possible psychoactive use for the grass in Ayahuasca analogs and DMT extracts
The entire grass contains indole alkaloids, which are highly variable according to their spe cies tribe, position, and harvest. In most, DMT, MMT, and 5-MeO-DMTare to be found. The grass can also contain high concentrations of gramine, an extremely toxic alkaloid.
Graminaea (Grass Family) Cosmopolitan
Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
Tropical and warm zones of 75 go"1 hemispheres
Gramineae (Grass Family) Cosmopolitan
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