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Justicia pectoralis Jacq. var. stenophyUa Leonard Mashihiri

Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family)

Tropical and warm zones of 44 Central and South America

Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family)

Tropical and warm zones of 44 Central and South America

Among the Kamsa Indians of the Colombian Andes, I. fuchsioides is taken by shamans for difficult diagnoses.

The intoxication is not pleasant leaving aftereffects for several days. The shrub is valued also as a medicine for treating difficulties w'th digestion or bowel function, and to aid in cases of difficult childbirth iochroma fuchsioides, a snrub or small tree 10-15 ft (34.5 m) tal', but sometimes larger, occurs in the Colombian and Ecuadorean Andes at about 7,000ft (2,200 m) altitude. The branches are reddish brown, and the leaves, obovate-oblona measure 4-6 in. (10-15cm) in length. The clustered tubular or bell-shaped flowers are red, 111/2 in. (2.5-4cm) long. The red fruit is an ovoid or pyriform berry about % in. (2 cm) in diameter, partially enclosed in a persistent calyx.

The plant contains withanolide.

In Oaxaca, in southern Mexico, the seeds of this vine are esteemed as one of the principal hallucinogens for use in divination as weli as magico-religious and curing rituals. The Chinan-

tec and Mazatec Indians call the seeds Piule- the Zapotecs, Ba-doh Negro. In pre-Conquest days the Aztecs knew them as Tlililtzin and employed them in thesamewayasOloliuqui the seeds of another Morning Glory, Turbina corymbosa.

ipomoea violacea, known also as /. rubrocaerulea, is an annual vine with entire, ovate, deeply cordate leaves 21/2-4ln. (6-10cm) long ¥4-3in. (2-8cm) wide. The inflorescence is three-or four-flowered. The flowers vary from white to red purple blue or violet-blue, and measure 2-23A in. (5-7cm) wide at the mouth of the trumpet-shaped corolla tube, 2-23A in (5-7cm) long. The ovoid fruit, about 1/A. (1 cm) in length, bears elongate, angular black seeds

This variable species ranges through western and southern Mexico and Guatemala and in the West Indies. It can be found as well in tropical South America. It is well known in horticulture

Justicia pectoralis var. stent* phylla differs from the widespread J. pectoralis mainly in its smaller stature and its very narrowly lanceolate leaves and shorter inflorescence. It is an herb up to 1ft (30cm) tail, with erect or ascending stems, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes. The internodes are short, usually less than % in. (2 cm) long. The numerous leaves measure normally 21A in. (2-5cm) long, 3/a-1 in. (12 cm) wide. The dense inflows cence, covered with glandular hairs, may reach a length of 4in (10cm) but is usually much shorter. The inconspicuous flowers, about 'A in. (5mm) long, are white or violet, frequently purple-spotted. The fruit, ¥4 in. (5 mm) long, bears flat, reddish brown seeds

Chemical examination of Jus ticia has been inconclusive. Preliminary indications that the leaves of J. pectoralis var. stenophyUa contain tryptammes (DMT) need confirmation. The dried herb contains coumar;n.

KAEMPFERIA L. (70)

Kaempferia galanga L. Galanga

LAGOCHILUS Bunge (35)

Lagochilus inebrians Bunge Turkestan Mint

Latua pubiflora (Griseb.) Baill Latüe

Leonotis leonurus (L.) R. Br. Lion's Tail

Zingiberaceae (Ginger Family) Tropical zones of Africa 45 southeastern Asia

Labiatae (Mint Family) Central Asia

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