Tagetes L

Tropical zones of both 89 hemispheres Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family) Tropical zones of western Warm zones of the Americas 9 ,1 mostly Mexico Most species of Tabemaemon tana are bushy shrubs, climbers, or small trees. The leaves are evergreen 'anceolate, often with a leathery top side. The flowers consist of five pointed petals that mostly grow in clusters out of the calyx The two symmetrical fruits are divided and marked with fairly visible veins. Because of this, they are easily confused with...

The Plant Kingdom

Before the eighteenth century, there was really no logical or widely accepted classification or naming of plants. They were known in Europe by the vernacular names current in the various countries and were referred to technically in Latin by cumbersome descriptive phrases, often several words long. The invention of printing and movable type in the middle of the 1400s stimulated the production of herbals that is, botanical' books mainly on medicinal plants. The so-called Age of Herbals, from...

Ayahuasca Analogs

The pharmacological agent that has been identified in Ayahuasca can be imitated ia plants with similar active ingredients (harrrtaline harmine, DMT 5-MeO-DMT). Nontraditional combina- .ons of plants with these ingredients are today known as Ayahuasca analogs or Anahuasca. Combinations made of the 'solated of synthesized ingredients are called pharmahuasca. Jonathan Ott. a chemist specializing in natural substances, writes Psycho-nautic pharmahuasca research is so distant from the scientific...

D D

DISSERTATIO ACADEM CA-sisTEtfS - * C-ONSENS, EX-PBRIENT. FACUt MEDICA ' IN JLL STRI I.YCEO UPSALIENS , mo mBlLS mO TQFEiEXPERt-'----- but perception of the subject's own personality is also transformed. The changes in sensory experience of the outside world are due to a shift m sensitivity of the sense organs. Sensory perception, particularly with regard to vision and hearing, is stimulated by hallucinogens. These changes in self-awareness indicate the profound influence of the drugs, which...

Method Of Isolation Of Cytisine Alkaloid In Sophora Secundiflora

Over two centuries ago, Dutch explorers reported that the Hoi ientots of South Africa chewed the root of a plant known as Kanna or Channa as a vision-inducing hallucinogen. This common name is today applied to several species of Sceletium that have alkaloids mesembr ine and mesembrenine with sedative, cocainelike activities capable of inducing torpor. Sceletium expansum is a shrub up to 12 in. (30cm) tall with fleshy, smooth stems and prostrate, spreading branches. The lanceolate-oblong entire,...

Info

Southeast Asia jTMtand 57 northern Malay Peninsu'a to Borneo New Guinea) In the Pariana region of the Brazilian Amazon, the Indians formerly prepared a potent hallucinogenic snuff that, although nc longer prepared and used, is known as Rap dos Indios (Indian snuff). It is believed to have been made from the fruit of an enormous forest tree Maquira sclerophylla (known also as Olmedioperebea sclerophylla) Maquira sclerophylla attains a height of 75-100ft (23-30 m). The latex is white. Very thick...

Chemical Structure Of Justicia Gendarussa A

Above The seeds of Virola surinamen sis, called Ucuba, are used ethnome dlcinaily. Above The seeds of Virola surinamen sis, called Ucuba, are used ethnome dlcinaily. Beiow right The most important species of Virola in hallucinogenic preparations is V. theiodora, of the northwestern Amazon. Virola is an American genus related to the Old World genus of the Nutmeg. The tiny flowers of Virola have a highly pungent fragrance. At the be in ig of time, Father Sun practiced incest with his daughter,...

Datura L

Datura Solanaceae (Nightshade Family) Tropical and warm p 3 iemperate zones of Asia and Africa Datura stramonium t Thorn App e Solanaceae (Nightshade Family) Tropical and moderate zones 29 of both hemispheres Southern Europe, northern 26 Africa, western Asia C anary Islands, Mexico Tropical and warm-27 temperature zones of both hemispheres Rarely are foreign plants incor porated in ceremonial use in aboriginal American societies. Native to the Canary Islands, Genista was...

Nahera seeds of civilization

Above from left to right The Mataco use a decoction of fresh (still green) Cebil pods as a head wash for headaches. Cebil, the Seeds of Civilization (seeds of the Anadenanthera colubrina). Bufotenine is the main active constituent. Above from left to right The Mataco use a decoction of fresh (still green) Cebil pods as a head wash for headaches. Cebil, the Seeds of Civilization (seeds of the Anadenanthera colubrina). Bufotenine is the main active constituent. The ripe seed pods of the Cebil...

Vines Of The Serpent

Top left The Ololiuqui vine Turbina corymbosa. Top left The Ololiuqui vine Turbina corymbosa. Top right Flying Saucers are a favorite cultivated strain of the enchanting Morning Glory, Ipomoea violacea. Above An early painting of Ololiuqui from Sahag n's Historia de las Cosas fe Nueva Espa a, written in the second half of the sixteenth century, clearly depicts the plant as a Morning Glory Four centuries ago, a Spanish missionary in Merico wrote Ololiuqi li deprives all who use it of their...

Gateway To Dreamtime

Above Pituri bushes are represented by the gray dots on this painting by Aborr ginal artist Walangari Karntawarra Ja-kamarra (detail from oil painting, 1994). The psychoactive use of Pituri is probably the longest continuous use of a psychoactive substance in the history of humanity. The Australian Aborigines nave the longest continuous culture of the world. The ancestors of today's Aborigines chewed Pituri 40,000 to 60,000 years ago- Pituri refers in the broadest sense to all plants or plant...

Yaqui Medicine Men Hallucinogenic

M. tortuosum L. - Sceletium tortuosum (L.) Over two centuries ago, Dutch explorers reported that the Hottentots of South Africa employed the root of a plant known as Channa or Kanna. Employed to cause dreams in order to foretell the future. Shamanistic inebriation. Religious significance healing ceremonies. Religious ceremonies. Hallucinogenic intoxication ( ), folk medicine, aphrodisiac Ceremonial use in Native American tribes Employed especially by the medicine men as a hallucinogen in magic...

Medicinal Values Of Pancratium Trianthum In India Systems

Drugs Pancratium

A plant of many uses among the Indians, this tall treelike columnar cactus, arising from a 6ft (1.8 m) trunk, attains a height of 35ft (10.5m). The short spines are characteristically gray with black tips. The 2-3 in. (5-8 cm) flowers are publish in the outermost petals, white in the inner parts. The fruit, globose and measuring 1 2-3in. (6-8cm) in diameter, is densely covered with yellow wool and long yellow bristles The Tarahumara, who know the plant as Cawe and Wicho-waka, take a drink made...

Amanita L

Anadenanthera Peregrina North America

Fly Agaric Anadenanthera colubruna (Vellozo) Brennan Cebil, Villta l.eguminosae (Pea Family) Northwest Argentina Temperate and warm zones 2 of both hemispheres The genus Acacia is widely distributed throughout the tropica and subtropical regions of the world. It encompasses for the most part medium-sized trees with pinnate, occasionally smooth leaves. The flowers grow in clusters and the fruit is pea-like. Many acacias are a traditional additive to psycho...

Cannabis L

Biological Illicit Drugs

Cannabaceae (Hemp Family) Warm-temperate zones, i 7 worldwide A small shrubby climber, Cacalia cordifolia has dusty-puberulent, six-angled stems The leaves are thin ovate, and basally cordate, 1V2SV3 in. (49 cm) long. The flowering hear1 is subsessile or pedicellate, about in. (1 cm) long. This and several other species of Cacalia have been referred to in parts of northern Mexico as Peyote and may possibly have once been employed tor hallucinatory purposes. In Mexico Cacalia cordifolia is a...

Plants

Nierika Shaman

Page 61 The Fly Agaric is used for shamanic purposes worldwide. It has even been linked to the ancient Indian Soma. been suggested that even the idea of deity may have arisen from experiences with its unearthly effects. The sacred Mexican mushrooms have a long history that is closely linked to shamanism and religion The Aztecs called them Teonanacatl (divine flesh), and they were ceremonially in gested. Highland Maya cultures in Guatemala apparently had, more than three thousand years ago, a...

Diviners Sage

Closely associated with the Indian mushroom cults is the use of another psychoactive plant Hierba de la Pastora (Salvia divinorum). It is not entirely clear if it was used i i the pre-Spanish times. It is possible that it was the Pipiltzintzintli of the Aztecs. The male or female shamans of the Mazatecs of Oaxaca use Salvia divinorum, which is also known as hoja de la Page 165 top left Painted nettle is used by the Mazatecs as a replacement for Salvia dvinorum Page 165 top right Coleus pumilus...

Little Flowers Of The Gods

Above One of the largest fruiting bodies of Psilocybe azurescens ever found. Above One of the largest fruiting bodies of Psilocybe azurescens ever found. There is a world beyond ours, a world that is far away, nearby, and invisible. And there is where God lives, where the dead live, the spirits and the saints, a world where everything has already happened and everything is known. That world talks. It has a language of its own. I report what it says. The sacred mushroom takes me by the hand and...

Geography Of Usage And Botanical Range

Datura Hallucinog Pek

Many more hallucinogenic plants exist than those that man has put to use. Of the probable halfmillion species in the world's flora, only about one thousand are known to be employed for their hallucinogenic properties. Few areas of the globe lack at least one hallucinogen of significance in the culture of the inhabitants. Despite its size and extremely varied vegetation, Africa appears to be poor in hallucinogenic plants. The most famous, of course, is Iboga, a root of the Dogbane family...

The Nectar Of Delight

Hemp Seed Scanning Electron Microscopy

Tradition in India maintains that the gods sent man the Hemp plant so that he might attain delight and courage, and have heightened sexual desires. When nectar or Amrita dropped down from heaven, Cannabis sprouted from it. Another story tells how, when the gods, helped by demons, churned the milk ocean to obtain Amiita, one of the resulting nectars was Cannabis. It was consecrated to Shiva and was Indra's favorite drink. After the churning of the seeds, consumed by man for food for its narcotic...

Cactus Of The Four Winds

Above left Pieces of San Pedro piled up for sale in the witches' market in Cliiclayo in northern Peru. Above left Pieces of San Pedro piled up for sale in the witches' market in Cliiclayo in northern Peru. Above right The fast-growing San Pedro cactus develops few, if any thorns when cultivated San Pedro has a special symbolism in curaritrismo folk healing for a reason San Pedro is always in tune with the powers of animals, of strong personages or beings, of serious beings, of beings that have...

The Hexing Herbs

God And Goddess Witchcraft

Above left The yellow blossom of the rare variety of Atropa belladonna var lutea. The yellow Deadly Nightshade is regarded as particularly potent for magic and witchcraft. Above right The bell-shaped flowers of the Deadly Nightshade clearly show its membership in the Nightshade family Page 87above left The flowers of the Mandrake Mandragora otficinarum are rarely seen, as they bloom very briefly and then quickly vanish Page 87above right The flowers of the Black Henbane Hyoscyamus niger have a...

The Magic Drink Of The Amazon

Shipibo Fabric Black

There is a magic intoxicant in northwes ternmost South America that the In dians believe can free the soul from corporeal confinement, allowing it to wander free and return to the body at will. The soul, thus untrammeled, liberates its owner from the realities of everyday life and introduces him to wondrous realms of what he considers reality and permits him to communicate with his ancestors. The Quechua term for this inebriating drink Ayahuasca vine of the soul refers to this free ing of the...

Trumpets Of The Angels

Brugmansia Aurea Guambiano

1 The shamai lie use of the gold yellow flowering Brugmansia occurs primarily in Colombia and northern Peru. 2 The flowers and leaves are used by many Indian shamans for medicinal purpose s 3 1 ne ripe fruit of the Brugmansia ianguinea. This Angel's Trumpet puts out far more fruit than does any other species 4 The flower of Brugmansia sangu nea The Guambiano of southern Colombia y of Brugmansia vulcanicola How pleasant is the perfume of the long, bell-like flowers of the Yas, as one inhales it...

Beans Of The Hekula Spirit

In the beginning, the Sun created various beings to serve as intermediaries between Him and Earth. He created hallucinogenic snuff powder so that man could contact supernatural beings The Sun had kept this powder in His navel, but the Daughter of the Sun found it. Thus it became available to man a vegetal product acquired directly from the gods. center of use of this snuff's and probably always has been the Orinoco. The West Indian tribes are thought to have been, in the main invaders from...

Chemical Structures Of Hallucinogens

Hallucingens

Chemical determination of the molecular structure of the hallucinogenic principles in sacred plants has led to remarkable results. Almost all plant hallucinogens contain the element nitrogen and therefore belong to the large class of chemical compounds known as alkaloids. divinorum are the most significant examples that do not contain nitrogen. The main active principle of Cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol THC , while the main active principle of Salvia divinorum is salvinorin. The principal...

Indianer Fliegenpilz Ritual

Aaronson, Bernard amp Humphrey Osmond ed. 1970 Psychedelics. New York Anchor Books Adovasio, J. M. amp G. F. Fry 1976 Prehistoric Psychotropic Drug Use In Northeastern Mexico and Trans-Pecos Texas Economic Botany 30 94-96. Agurell S 1369 Cactaceae Alkaloids. I.' Uoydia32 206-216. Alston, Georg 1937 The Aboriginal Narcotic Pltcheri Oceania 7 3 372-377. Aliotta, Glovani.l, Danielle Piomelll, amp Antonio Pollio 1994 Le piante narcotiche e psicotrope In Pllnio e Dloscoride Annali dei Musei Civici...