Fungal Poisons

vex at first with an inrolled margin. Surfaces are smooth, moist, cream to brown shading to a light-brown. Flesh is thick and white with the odor of radish and a bitter taste. Gills are also white becoming pale brown, with finely serrated edges and droplets of liquid when young. Stem ranges from 1.5" to 3" long, enlarged at the base and covered with fine powdery granules.

Hebeloma Crustuliniforme Common Name(s): Poison Pie Poison: Paresthesine

Hebeloma Fastibile

Common Name(s): Sham Mushroom

Poison: Paresthesine

Hebeloma Sinapizans Common Name(s): Mexico Cap Poison: Paresthesine

Inocybe

Caps are 1" to 2" wide, with a cone shape becoming convex at the margin. In old age, the cap opens like an umbrella to become nearly plane, the margin tending to split in dry weather. The color is white to pallid, often spotted brown in age. The stem 1" to 3" tall, tapering downward, sometimes with a small bulb. The surface is moist, forming a temporary hairy texture that soon disappears in age. Spores are oblong and brown.

Inocybe Geophylla Common Name(s): White Devil Poison: Muscarine

Inocybe Lilacina

Common Name(s): Lavender Cap Poison: Muscarine

Inocybe Sororia Common Name(s): Bad Sister Poison: Muscarine

Lactarius

Instead of being classified by a particular look or growing pattern, mushrooms in this genus exude a "latex," or "milk", when injured. In some species, the milk is copious, and it seems to pour out of the mushroom when sliced those that have grown in dry weather.

Some milky caps are relatively easy to identify, while others can frustrate even educated and experienced "Lactariologists". Those without the proper Knowledge skill have a DC30 when trying to gather the edible Lactarius, otherwise they will pick a toxic Lactarius when foraging. Even those with the requisite skills have a -15 when identifying.

Lactarius Chrysorheus Common Name(s):

Candy Cap Poison: Paresthesine

Lactarius Chrysorheus Common Name(s):

Candy Cap Poison: Paresthesine

Characterized by a rusty brown, usually dim pled or depressed cap, pinkish gills that bleed watery latex and a smooth, brittle stem col ored like the cap. Fresh speci mens have a faint, sweet odor, but when dried smell strongly of butterscotch.

Lactarius Glaucescens

Common Name(s): Red Cap, Fire Cap

Poison: Paresthesine

Characterized by a red cap with a finely thin margin which soon fades to gray-brown, flesh-pink gills, and a stem with matted, white bulb at the base.

Lactarius Helvus Common Name(s): Hell Cap Poison: Paresthesine

Characterized by its large size, deep purple color, and shorter spines on the spores. The color of this mushroom, except the gills, fades fast as it loses moisture. Unless found when very fresh, often the only purple seen is in the gills.

Lactarius Representateus Common Name(s): Bloody Lactarius Poison: Paresthesine

Characterized by orange to orange red caps and green decolorations in age and a thick blood-like dark reddish latex.

Characterized by a pale white cap, white unchanging latex, and a hairy stem. It often fruits with other birch-loving species.

Lactarius Scrobiculatus Common Name(s): Birch Cap Poison: Paresthesine

Characterized by a dull tan-brown to medium-brown cap that normally does not blue when cut, or if so, only faintly. It often fruits with other birch-loving species.

Lepiota Cristata are 4

Lepiota

Mushrooms in this group have white spores, gills that are white to yellow, and partial veils that typically leave a ring on the stem. Caps to 12" wide conical when young, becoming convex to broadly convex in age, have a dry texture and are often scaly but do not have patches or warts. These caps are often have spots of intense color, usually near the center. Stems range 2" to 10" long, and sometimes slightly enlarged toward the base. The textures are smooth, firm, white, sometimes discoloring slightly brownish, with a double-edged ring.

There are some edible mushrooms in the genus, but they should be avoided by the unskilled hunter due to the possibility of confusion with Amanita species. Those without the proper Knowledge skill have a DC25 when trying to gather an edible Lepiota, otherwise they will pick a toxic Lepiota or Amanita when foraging.

Lepiota Clypeolaria

Common Name(s): Golden Shield

Poison: Paresthesine

Lepiota Cristata

Common Name(s): Fried Egg

Poison: Paresthesine

Lepiota Lutea

Common Name(s): Poison: Amanitin

Yellow Lepiota

Lactarius chrysorheus Lactarius Rufus or the gills are damaged. In older speci- C°mm°n Name(s): Birch-Gh°st mens, the milk can be scarce, especially

Poison: Paresthesine

Lycoperdon

The body of a typical Lycoperdon is a 1" to 4" sphere, with a large hollow gaseous chamber at maturity for spore dispersal. Colored white to pallid to pale brown, the surface is composed of conical spines, surrounded by a circular row of warts. These spines are white to pallid to pale brown, leaving dark brown scars as they fall off. The base is well developed, forming a pseudo stem. Spines and warts are absent on this stem or much less prominent.

Technically this fungus is not a mushroom, rather it is in a group of fungi called puffballs. The spores are formed inside a enclosed fruiting body, becoming dusty at maturity. When mature, the bulbus body breaks open allowing the spores to be blown away.

Lycoperdon Marginatum Common Name(s): Butter Puffball Poison: Paresthesine

Lycoperdon Subincarnatum Common Name(s): Puffball Poison: Paresthesine

Naematoloma Fasciculare Common Name(s): Sulphur Tuft Poison: Paresthesine

Naematoloma Fasciculare is distinguished by its large stature, dry cap and cap shape. The cap is 3" to 6" wide, convex to broadly convex with an cracked and curved margin when young, sometimes with partial veil remnants. The cap is very variable in color, ranging from orange-brown to cinnamon brown, but sometimes paler toward the margin. The gills can be attached to the stem or pulling away from it, the color also ranges from pale to pale gray at first, becoming darker gray and eventually nearly purple-brown. The stem is 2 to 4" long, frequently tapering to base, smooth, and most often colored like the cap, or a bit more pale. It is extremely bitter.

Panaeolus

The caps of the Panaeolus Naematoloma are tiny, only .5" to 1" wide, very bell shaped and smooth, or cracked in dry weather. The skin is dark brown to cinnamon brown, changing to light brown, tan, or fleshy when in the process of drying out. Stems are 2" to 4" long, sometimes with an enlarged base, smooth, fragile, and pale. They are the most com mon and widely distributed grass mushrooms in the world, and often fruit in large numbers.

Panaeolus Castaneifolius

Common Name(s): Mower's Mushroom

Poison: Psilocybin

Panaeolus Cyanescens Common Name(s): Brownie Button Poison: Psilocybin

Panaeolus Fimicola Common Name(s): Kidney Cap Poison: Psilocybin

Panaeolus Foenisecii Common Name(s):

Haymaker's Mushroom Poison: Psilocybin

Panaeolus Sphinctrinus Common Name(s):

Dead-Man Mushroom Poison: Psilocybin

Polyporus Sulphureus

Panaeolus Subbalteatus Common Name(s): Coffee Cap Poison: Psilocybin

Paxillus Involutus Common Name(s): Brown Roll-Rim Poison: Paresthesine

Paxillus involutus is a large brown mushroom, ranging from 3" to 7" wide, recognized by a broadly depressed cap, inrolled cap margin from which the species name and common name is derived. The stem is stout and lumpy honeycomb gills with the tendency for all parts of the mushroom to bruise brown. The gills are also easily peeled from the cap and sometimes form rudimentary tubes.

Pholiota

Pholiota caps are 1" to 4" wide and slightly convex with Fasciculare small brown scales over a pale fleshy to yellow layer. The margin is smooth, often with veil fragments that disappearing in age. Gills are close and thin, pallid at first, then dull brown at maturity. Stems range from 2" to 4"long, occasionally tapering downward. The skin is very dry, brown at base, pallid to pale pink above with brown scales.

Spores are brown to dark brown. Pholiota Aurea

Common Name(s): Scaly Pholiota Poison: Paresthesine

Pholiota Squarrosa

Common Name(s): Indian Pholiota

Poison: Paresthesine

Polyporus

The misshapen lumpy body of a Polyporus can range from 2" to 12" wide and up to 2" thick. The shape is generally like a hand fan, pale tan to creamy yellowish color, darkening in age, with an overlay of darker, brownish scales that are often radially arranged. The stem is typically substantial and tough and blackens as the mushroom matures. It is also covered with large, angular, and frequently irregular pores somewhat like cork. This cork-skin is tough, especially towards the stem.

Polyporus often grow near members the Morchella genus, best known as morels. Morels are among the most popular edible mushrooms. Even the non-toxic varieties of Polyporus are rather tough and chewy, and a strongly mealy smell correlates to a strongly mealy taste. It is not a highly sought variety, especially when a tasty morel is right at hand.

Polyporus Berkeleyi Common Name(s): Bondazewia Poison: Paresthesine

Polyporus Cristatus

Common Name(s): Mealy Polyporus

Poison: Paresthesine

Polyporus Giganteus

Common Name(s): Giant Polyporus

Poison: Paresthesine

Polyporus Schweinitzii Common Name(s): Cedar Rot Poison: Paresthesine

Polyporus Sulphureus

Common Name(s): Sulphur Polyporus

Poison: Paresthesine psilocybe

The cap is a conic bell shape, usually with a nipple or umbo at the top. ranging from .5" to 2" wide. The margins of the caps are often incurved when young. Some caps become convex and flat with age, while others become wavy. The caps are moist and the margin is translucent, making the lines of the gill plates visible on the caps when moist. Psilocybe species have a film or membrane which can easily be separated from the cap. The colors of the cap range from a dark olive brown or chestnut rusty color when fresh to pale yellow when dried. A slight bluing occurs along the outer edges of the caps when damaged. Stems are similarly colored, though can show some blue from stress, and range from .5" to 2.5" long. Spores are inky black.

These hallucinogenic mushroom use dates as far back as the earliest recorded history can relate. Ancient paintings of mushroom-headed humanoids, dating back to 5,000 B.C. have been found in caves on the Tassili plateau of Northern Algeria. Ancient Central and South American cultures built temples to mushroom gods and carved many statues classified as 'mushroom stones'. These stone carvings, in the shape of mushrooms, or in which figures are depicted under the cap of a mushroom, have been dated to as early as 1000-500 B.C. The purpose of the sculptures is not certain, but were most likely used as religious objects. Psilocybe

These mushrooms and their active ingredients are still used for recreation, therapeutically, and as a part of new spiritual traditions. They are also a controlled substance in 80% of the modern civilized societies!

Psilocybe Baeocystis

Common Name(s): Potent Psilocybe

Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Caerulescens Common Name(s): Myan Mushroom Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Caerulipes Common Name(s): Blue-Foot Poison: Psilocybin

caerulescens

Psilocybe Cyanescens Common Name(s): Dung-Lover Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Cubensis Common Name(s): Basic Psilocybe, King Psilocybe Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Pelliculosa

Common Name(s): Conifer Psilocybe

Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Semilanceata Common Name(s): Liberty Cap Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Strictipes Common Name(s): No Name Poison: Psilocybin

Psilocybe Stuntzii

Common Name(s): Stuntz's Blue Leg Poison: Psilocybin

Ramaria

Ramaria are not typical mushrooms. Ramaria is recognized by an upright stature, more or less parallel, with branching pattern similar to coral or sea-weed. The branches are typically pinkish-brown with slender pale-yellow tips. Stems range from .5" to 1" long, tough, and discoloring light-brown when bruised. The odor is slightly aromatic, but the taste is usually bitter.

This genus also includes some very good edibles. Those without the proper Knowledge skill have a DC20 when trying to gather edible Ramaria, otherwise they will pick a toxic variety when foraging.

Ramaria Formosa

Common Name(s): Handsome Ramaria Poison: Paresthesine

Ramaria Gelatinosa

Common Name(s): Jelly Ramaria

Poison: Paresthesine

Russula Rosacea Common Name(s): Rose Russula Poison: Paresthesine

The cap is 2" to 6" wide, highly con caerulescens vex with a rounded and in-turned margin. The surface is smooth, with a dark rose red to bright red to rose pink color, fading to pink or rose pink, often with yellowish blotches in age. The flesh is brittle and tastes very acrid. The stem is 2" to 4.5" long, stuffed white and brittle. This is considered a very pretty mushroom and is often depicted in popular art.

Scleroderma

These mushrooms are physically similar to the Lycoperdon puffballs. They are oblong spheres, 2" to 4" wide by 1" to 3" inches high. The color ranges from brown to yellow brown and the skin is covered with small, dark brown, rough warts. The rind is thick, yellow brown, initially becoming marbled purple and finally purple brown to dark brown as the spores become mature.

Technically this fungus is not a mushroom, rather it is in a group of fungi called puffballs. The spores are formed inside a enclosed fruiting body, becoming dusty at maturity. When mature, the bulbus body breaks open allowing the spores to be blown away.

Scleroderma Aurantium

Common Name(s): Pigskin, Poison

Puffball

Poison: Paresthesine

Scleroderma Cepa Common Name(s): Earthball Poison: Paresthesine

Tricholoma

This group of mushrooms contains many diverse, and sometimes baffling, specimens. Tricholoma is more of a tax-onomical convenience, a "catch-all", than a natural group, consisting of mushrooms that are brought together more on a set of negative characteristics than any one positive uniting factor. If a medium-sized white mushroom with white spores doesn't fall into another standard genus, it is placed in this one.

Tricholoma Album

Common Name(s): White Tricholoma Poison: Paresthesine

Tricholoma Nudum Common Name(s): Blewit Poison: Paresthesine

Tricholoma Pardinum Common Name(s): White Leopard Poison: Paresthesine

Tricholoma Pessundatum Common Name(s): Devil-Toe Poison: Paresthesine

Tricholoma Saponaceum Common Name(s): Syrup Bucket Poison: Paresthesine

Tricholoma Sulphureum Common Name(s): Sulphur Bucket Poison: Paresthesine

Verpa Bohemica Common Name(s): Early Morel Poison: Paresthesine

Caps range from .5" to 1" wide and are very misshapen, looking like a small wrinkled prune. Color ranges from tan to yellow brown, and rarely with red shades. The undersides are more pale, ingrowing with the stem where contact occurs. The stem is .5" to 2" long, pale tan to white and as thick as the cap, with ribs or waves.

It appears very early in the spring, and continues fruiting during the true morel season. It bears a resemblance to Morchella Semilibera, the Half-Free Morel. But the Half-Free Morel is half free, while Verpa bohemica has a cap that hangs completely free of the stem, attached only at the top.

Fungus Poisons

Toxins are spread throughout the mushroom, so no matter which part is consumed the full effects will be felt. Mushrooms that cause human poisoning cannot be made nontoxic by cooking, freezing, or any other means of processing, and the material remains toxic for years, even decades. Because poisonous varieties can look very similar to edibles, it is a simple matter for an assasin to replace a few mushrooms in the pantry, drop a few mushrooms into a stew. In all cases .7oz(2oG) of mushroom material is considered to have a minimum standard dose.

Folk Tales

There are several convincing myths about the identification and handling of toxic mushroom varieties. The application of myth as fact is entirely up to the

GM's individual tastes.

If You Can Peel It...: If you can peel the skin from a mushroom's cap, you can eat it safely.

Silver Spoons & Onions: If a silver spoon or onion is placed in a mushroom broth, it will darken in the presence of a poisonous mushroom.

Blind Man's Puff: If you kick or smash a puffball and get the spores in your eyes, it will make you blind.

Yellow Salt: The liquids of a poisonous mushroom will make salt turn yellow.

Amanitin

Dosage:.ooo5oz(i6mg) DC: 22

Onset: 4D6 Hours Duration: Continuing Symptoms: Cramps, Diarrhea, Nausea/Vomiting

Damage: Severe Liver Damage, Kidney Failure 6D6+5, Liver Failure 5D20+15, 2D6 Per Minute

Save: Save Vs Liver Failure(Reduce Damage By 25%), Save Vs Kidney Failure(Reduce Damage By 25%)

COPRINE

Dosage:.0007oz(20mg) DC: 16

Onset: 1D30+30 Minutes Duration: 1D4+1 Hours Symptoms: Anxiety, Pain (Chest), Red Skin, Nausea/Vomiting Damage: Minor Liver Damage, 2D20 Save: Reduce Duration By 30% Special: Only poisonous when consumed with alcohol.

Gyromitrin Dosage: .oo6oz(i8omg) DC: 15

Onset: 1D8 Turns Duration: 2D6 Hours Symptoms: Pain (Abdominal), Convulsions/Seizures, Dizziness, Fatigue, Severe Headache, Vertigo Damage: Coma, 4D4 Per Hour Save: Save Vs Coma

Muscarine Dosage:.oo22oz (63mg) DC: 11

Onset: 1D2 Hours Duration: 1D4+20 Hours Symptoms: Excessive Drooling, Sweating, Watery Eyes Damage: Asphyxiation 3D20+10, 2D8

Per Hour

Save: Save Vs Asphyxiation

Muscimol (Ibotenic Acid) Dosage: .02oz(600mg) DC: 20

Onset: 1D Hours Duration: 6D4 Hours Symptoms: Agitation, Anxiety, Confusion, Convulsions/Seizures, Dizziness, Drowsiness, Euphoria Damage: None

Save: Reduces Duration By 50%

Orellanine/Orelline Dosage: .ioz(3.2G) DC: 14

Onset: 3D4 Days Duration: 3D2 Days Symptoms: Chills, Headache, Pain, Severe Thirst

Damage: Kidney Damage, Kidney Failure 6D6+5

Save: Save Vs Kidney Damage, Save Vs Kidney Failure(Increases Duration By 50%)

PSILOCYBIN Dosage: 1.6oz(45.5g) DC: 30

Onset: 1D30+30 Minutes Duration: id4+3 Hours Symptoms: Confusion, Hallucinations Damage: None Save: Reduce Duration by 40%

After the Psilocybin has run it's duration, the user may suffer acute anxiety or depression for a variable period of time. Flashbacks have been reported days or even months after taking the last dose.

Paresthesine Dosage: .03oz(900mg) DC: 12

Onset: 1D2 Hours Duration: 2D2 Hours Symptoms: Diarrhea,Nausea/Vomiting Damage: Slight Intstinal Damage 2D10 Per Hour

Save: Save Vs All Effects

Only Certain individuals are sensitive to this poison. If a saving throw is made, it is assumed that the target is immune to the effects of Paresthesine under normal healthy circumstances. If the saving throw is failed, the character will have a -5 on any future saves.

Anxiety and Depression 101

Anxiety and Depression 101

Everything you ever wanted to know about. We have been discussing depression and anxiety and how different information that is out on the market only seems to target one particular cure for these two common conditions that seem to walk hand in hand.

Get My Free Ebook


Responses

  • luca loewe
    How to remove ramaria gelatinosa from home?
    2 years ago

Post a comment