Sinsemilla Crop

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Figure 2.1 - Some cannabis seeds by Kryptonite.

At the moment there are approximately 450 seed varieties of Cannabis on the market today. Out of the 450 seed varieties, 200 are worth looking at and out of the 200 varieties about 50 or so are outstanding. Each strain is either a pure species type (taking 2 plants of the same species and crossing them) or a crossbreed of two or more species (taking 2 plants from different species and crossing them).

Out of the 450 seed varieties we said that

200 where good. This leaves 250 left. Those 250 are usually very unstable crossbreed strains. These complete hybrids plants are mixed so much that they can not be classified at either Sativa or Indica. They are classified in a different way that we will explain this in the strain format table below.

Most hybrids do not last long on the market and are primarily found only among breeders who are experimenting with their plant's genetics. Seed producers tend to only produce the following strain categories. Some Hybrids can be excellent though!

PURE SATIVA (This is a pure species) SATIVA (This is a mostly Sativa species with some Indica)

PURE INDICA (This is a pure species) INDICA (This is a mostly Indica species with some Sativa)

INDICA/SATIVA (This is a 50/50 cross between a Sativa and an Indica species)

They also produce: RUDERALIS (This is a pure species)

And some other Ruderalis mixes. However ruderalis is a problematic plant. It does not produce large quantities of THC, nor does it flower like the other varieties. Ruderalis is considered sub-standard by most growers because it flowers according to age and does not flower according to the photoperiod. We will explain what the photoperiod is in a moment.

Now remember that we said an Indica/Sativa cross would produce two different highs. Well we lied a little. If they are both 50%/50% crosses then the high will be a 50%/50% mix. Indica/Sativa and Sativa/Indica is really the same thing.

Pure Sativa is a total 'Head High'. Pure Indica is a total 'Body Stone/couch-lock'. A 50/50 cross will give a 50% 'Head high' and a 50% 'Body Stone'. If an Indica plant is crossed slightly with a Sativa plant it will give a 60% 'Body Stone' and a 40%'Head High'. A Sativa plant that is crossed slightly with an Indica plant will give a 60% 'Head High' and a 40% 'Body Stone'. The 60/40 ratio is most common but some breeders can change that ratio. When choosing a seed, check to see if it is pure or if it has a ratio. Most seed sellers will have this listed along with their seed type. So when we look at some strains that are crossbreeds we must understand which species the plants are leaning towards. Along with the cross you can expect that the plant will look different. Some Sativa plants may be shorter because of the Indica breeding in them and some Indica plants may be taller because of the Sativa breeding in them. This is okay though because later on we will find that as a grower we have control over how a plant will look and grow. As a grower we can influence height and plant features. We can also harvest the plant in such a way that we can produce a different high type. The later you harvest the plant the more you will help induce a couch-lock effect. Harvesting just before peak will induce a cerebral high. If you are working with strains that are for either cerebral or couch-lock highs then you can harvest early or later and help induce some of these Ahigh type' properties.

Indica Sinsemilla

Figure 2.2 - This is a wonderful harvest picture by

GIYO.

Figure 2.2 - This is a wonderful harvest picture by

GIYO.

Hopefully with the knowledge you have been given so far you are equipped to choose a plant that suits your needs in terms of height, potency and high type. There is no point trying to grow an 8-foot Sativa Bush indoors if you do not have the space for it. 2 foot Indica plants outdoors may not survive if other plants compete with it for light. As a rule we can always shorten the plants lengths through pruning, but rarely can we double the plants height if the strain's genes only allow the strain to grow 2 or 3 feet.

Figure 2.3 - A small grow room by Mr.Zog.

Figure 2.3 - A small grow room by Mr.Zog.

HOW TO GET SEEDS

The best way to get seeds is from a friend who has grown a type of plant that you enjoyed to smoke. This, by far, is the best way because, (1) You get the seeds for free and (2) you know what the high type will be because you have already tasted it.

The next best way is the Internet. The Internet is full of seed-banks that wish to sell you seeds, but there are a few problems that you may encounter. The first problem is that some of these seed-banks will rip you off. The second is that some of these seed-banks do not ship worldwide. The third is that some of these seed-banks misrepresent their stock. The fourth is that seeds can be very expensive. Some seed-banks sell seeds anywhere between (US Dollars = $, UK Stirling = £) $80/£70 and $300/£290 for 10 - 16 seeds. There are rip-off artists out there, but then again some of these seeds are worth the money because the strain is excellent in vigour and production. So how do we choose our seed-bank and how do we really know what seeds to pick?

CHOOSING A SEED-BANK

As a rule if you find a classy seed-bank then you will find classy breeders using that seed-bank to sell their seeds.

If you find a seed-bank then the first thing you should do is to examine what people have to say about that seed-bank. The best way to find this out is to check one of the more popular websites on the net like www.yahooka.com. Some web sites give listings and ratings on seed-banks.

You can also do a search on the net using a search engine like AltaVista or Yahoo. Find a good web site that is run by a number of people and not a web site that is run by one person. A community of users is a good place to go for message board forums and chat. Also check to see that the site has a registered URL, like a .com site. If they use a free web site service then consider staying clear of it because it can disappear without trace overnight. Once you have found a web site then run a search on 'seeds'. A listing may appear of all known seed-banks that deal over the Internet. It is best then to check out the reviews on each seed-bank by the public. A good one is www.yahooka.com. This gives the latest update on each seed-bank and gives them a review out of 5. Find the URL of each seed-bank and check out the prices. Some seed-banks do deals on seeds and you will find that prices do change from bank to bank. The next thing you do before buying anything is to send the web master an email. Ask him about his services, what seeds you like, how he delivers, security arrangement, and if he can deliver to your country. In some countries seeds are legal. In others they are not. Wait until he gives you a reply. If you do not get a reply then do not use that seed-bank. These people are salesmen and should communicate with you and answer all your questions. Also ask how the money should be sent and ask about postage and packaging. Most seed-banks sell their seeds in batches of 10 - 20. This means that you will get 10 - 20 seeds in the post. Anything can happen. A misplaced foot in the postal office can kill the seeds, making them not viable. Good seed-banks provide good packaging. Ask about it.

If your seeds do not arrive send an e-mail to the seed-bank and ask them what happened. If they do not reply or if your seeds are lost write them a complaint and then post that complaint in one of the web boards like yahooka.com. The more people complain the better the chances of indicating seed-banks that are ripping people off. Also if you get your seeds in good condition then it is always wise to post a good review of that seed-bank. This will also improve your communication with that seed-bank the next time you buy seeds (you may get discounts). If you do not have access to the web then you will have to get addresses for these seed-banks and send them a letter asking for further information. Some seed-banks have even advertised in the back of this book.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN CHOOSING SEEDS

Okay, so now you have an idea of what type of plant you want and the seed-bank that you are going to use. The next step is too check if the seeds are for indoor or outdoor use. There is a saying that all cannabis seeds can be grown indoors and outdoor. This is true, but that is not what the breeder had intended. If the breeder had created a plant that does well indoors then it is suggested that you only grow these seeds indoors. If you grow outdoors and the plant does not produce that well, then you know that you should have followed the seed-banks advice. Next time take that advice. There is nothing stopping you from experimenting, and some growers have produced excellent results by putting outdoor seeds indoors or putting indoor seeds outdoors, but it is best if you follow the advice you are given, especially if you are new to growing.

Outdoor Sativa Plants
Figure 2.4 - Outdoor sativa.
Sinsemilla Marijuana
Figure 2.5 - Indoor Sativa.

Both of these pictures, figure 2.4 and 2.5, show a mostly sativa strain growing outdoors and indoors. As you can see this would probably be labelled an outdoor strain because of its size. The grower, mullummadman, has been able to grow it both ways though.

You may also find that a number of similar strains have been produced by different breeders. When you look at the seed-bank list you may see 1 - 4 types of the same plant. What is going on here you ask? Well, let us take

Skunk#1 for example. Skunk#1 is a mostly sativa plant but there are about 7 breeders who have provided a certain seed-bank with these seeds. Each seed breeder tries to develop the best plant possible for that strain type. You will find that some breeders are good and others are not so good. Make sure that you check with the seed-bank to see which breeder's strains are the best. Always choose the best. The reason for choosing the best is that later you can PRODUCE YOUR OWN SEED from that strain! Welcome to the wonderful world of Marijuana growing.

Try www.paradise-seeds.com and www.seriousseeds.com for seeds.

The next thing to look for is flowering times. Each strain is a bit different on flowering times. In a nutshell flowering is the next cycle after your plant shows its sex. There are 3 main stages in plant growth. Germination, Vegetative growth and Flowering. It is towards the last days of flowering that you should begin your harvest. If the seed-bank says, Skunk#1 Flowering time: 7-9 weeks then you should be able to know roughly when your plant will be ready for harvest (in this case it will 7 - 9 weeks from the time your plant starts to flower).

Some plants have shorter flowering times and others have longer. This is a guide to help you understand how long it will take, after vegetative growth is complete, before you will have a chance to saviour your plant's delights.

The last piece of advice is this. Always consult someone about your strain type. Who knows, they may be able to recommend something better Or maybe even have a private seed stash of their own.

Figure 2.6 - This is some Skunk#1 by Strawdog.
Sinsemilla Seeds
Figure 2.7 - Seeds enough to grow between 100 and 200 plants. Picture by Kryptonite.
Sinsemilla Strain
Figure 2.8 - This is another great picture of some female bud by Kryptonite.

GROWING FACTORS

This is important to bear in mind before you grow your weed. Have you got the time to take care of your plants? Are you going to be taking long holidays? Have you got someone you trust to take care of your plants? And if you do how secure is your grow area? How do the people you live with feel about this? Can you hide the smell when the plants start to flower? Are you prepared to pay money on lights and other grow items? Are you prepared to pay the costs of a higher electricity bill? Are people going to see your grow room? Are people going to walk past your grow site outdoors? Is the meter man going to see your grow room? Is the gas man going to see your grow room? Are you sure that you really want to do this?

Figure 2.9 - This is an example of how some outdoor plants can get really big and tall. Sometimes they can be hard to hide. Picture by Mullummadman.

If you are negative on any of these points above then I suggest that you resolve those issues before you move on.

The next thing I am going to tell you is the most important thing you will ever hear when growing marijuana. People have lived their whole lives growing cannabis and have never had an encounter with the law. It is so simple, but very hard to do. If you can do it then you are halfway to being an expert grower. Are you ready for it?

NEVER TELL ANYONE THAT YOU ARE GROWING CANNABIS!!!

If you do this then you will never have a problem other than someone accidentally walking into your grow area. NEVER EVER TELL ANYONE ANYTHING, EVER. If you can do this then you will have more security than a castle equipped with guard-dogs henchmen and the works. Loose lips cause 99.9% of all security related issues being breached. 00.1% is caused because you did not take the time out to conceal your area well enough. Loose lips sink ships.

If you plan to share your crop with your friends then do it by another means, like -AHey guys look what I just bought'. The only people who should know that you grow are the people who live with you. If your husband/wife has loose lips, then maybe you should consider guerrilla growing outdoors (explained later.) Other than that, these are the most important factors you need to consider. Never grow at home if other people are not going to know about it. This is bad and always causes problems in the end. So what does that say? Growing on your own is the best way. Growing with other people is a problem unless you know they are okay with it. You will have to figure some of these things out for yourself.

The next factor is bugs and pests. Always, always have a bottle of pesticide that kills SPIDER MITES. Spider Mites can reduce your plants to garbage within a couple of days. NEVER EVER BRING A PLANT INSIDE THAT HAS BEEN OUTSIDE. People who have done this have managed to kill nearly every plant in their house because they brought a plant indoors that had spider mites. Marijuana plants are very vulnerable to mite attacks because the spider mites love to suck marijuana plants dry. They are tiny, about half the size of this dot

--->> . I can not stress how important this is. We will talk more about pests later.

The next thing we will talk about is what we expect our seeds to do before they become full flowering plants.

Sinsemilla

Figure 2.10 - This is example of what pest damage can do to your crop. Notice how the leaf has been eaten.

Picture by Slowhand.

Figure 2.10 - This is example of what pest damage can do to your crop. Notice how the leaf has been eaten.

Picture by Slowhand.

THE LIFE CYCLE OF THE MARIJUANA PLANT

Images Hemp Growth Stages
Figure 2.11 - Another wonderful bud shot from Chimera.

We said before that a plant would grow in three main stages. Germination, Vegetative growth and flowering. Plants actually grow in 6 stages. Here is the life cycle of the cannabis plant.

Germination:

This is the initial stage of growth and occurs when your seed's embryo cracks open and the seedling produces a root. This root fixes itself into the soil and pushes the newborn seeding up and over the soil surface. Following surface contact two embryonic leaves open outwards to receive sunlight, pushing the empty seed shell away from the seedling. It takes anywhere between 12 hours to 3 weeks for seeds to germinate. Once the plant has reached this stage it goes into the seedling stage.

Figure 2.12 - This is a great picture of an Indica seedling by Strawdog.

Seedling Stage:

After the first pair of embryonic leaves are receiving light (Figure 2.12), the plant will begin to produce another small set of new leaves. These leaves are different from the last and may have some Marijuana characteristics such as the three rounded finger shaped points. As the seedling grows more of these leaves are formed and bush upwards along with a stem. Some stems are very weak at this stage and need the support of a small thin wooden stake tied to the seedling with some fine thread. The seedling stage can last between 1 and 3 weeks. At the end of the seedling stage your plant will have maybe 4 - 8 new leaves. Some of the old bottom leaves may drop off.

Marihuana Tres Meses
Figure 2.13 - Here is a picture of a cannabis plant in vegetative growth. This picture is from GIYO.

Vegetative Growth:

The plant now begins to grow at the rate which its leaves can produce energy. At this stage the plant needs all the light and food it can get. It will continue to grow upwards producing new leaves as it moves along (Figure 2.13). It will also produce a thicker stem with thicker branches and with more fingers on the leaves. It will eventually start to show its sex. When it does this it is time for the plant's pre-flowering stage. It can take anywhere between 1 and 5 months for the plant to hit this next stage.

Pre-flowering:

At this stage the plant slows down in developing its height and starts to produce more branches and nodes. The plant fills out in the pre-flowering stage. During this phase of the plant cycle your plant will start to show a calyx which appears where the branches meet the stem (nodes). Pre-flowering can take anywhere between 1 day to 2 weeks. (See last page of this book for pre-flowering/calyx illustration)

Cannabis Indica Nodes Flowering

Figure 2.14 - This is a great picture of a flowering plant. It should be indicated here that this plant is a female. Picture by GIYO.

Figure 2.14 - This is a great picture of a flowering plant. It should be indicated here that this plant is a female. Picture by GIYO.

Flowering:

During this stage the plant continues to fill out. The plant will show its sex clearly. The male plant produces little balls that are clustered together like grapes. The female plant produces little white/cream pistils that look like hairs in a pod. Each of the plants will continue to fill out more and their flowers will continue to grow. It can take anywhere between 4 to 16 weeks for the plant to fully develop its flowers (Figure 2.14). During this time the male's pollen sacks would have burst spreading pollen to the female flowers.

Sinsemilla Marijuana
Figure 2.15 - Seeded bud picture by Shecky Greene.

Seed:

The female plant will produce seeds at this point if she has received viable pollen from a male plant. The seeds grow within the female bud and can take anywhere between 2 weeks to 16 weeks, to grow to full maturity. The female pistils may change colour before finally bursting the seedpods, sending them to the soil below. (Breeders like to collect their seed before the seedpods burst.)

These are the six stages of the life cycle of a cannabis plant. It is important to know that if the males are separated from the females and killed off then the females will not become pollinated. Let us go back a step and describe what happens here.

FLOWERING NON-POLLINATED FEMALES (SINSEMILLA CROP)

Sinsemilla Buds Ready Harvest

Figure 2.16 - This is some bud by Gyro. The picture is upside down because it is freshly harvested bud strung up.

Figure 2.16 - This is some bud by Gyro. The picture is upside down because it is freshly harvested bud strung up.

During this stage the plant continues to fill out. The plant will show its sex more clearly. The female plant produces little creamy/white pistils. The plant will continue to fill out more and its flowers will continue to grow. It can take anywhere between 4 and 16 weeks for the plants to fully develop. During this time though there are no males to pollinate the female plants. The buds will grow larger and develop more resin glands. Resin may drop down onto the leaves and the plant becomes very sticky. The hairs on the buds begin to get thicker and cluster into balls. The reason for the high increase in bud growth is that the female plant is trying her best to attract male pollen. Towards the last days of flowering the pistils will change colour showing that the plant is ready for harvest.

CYCLE TIMES

Given the above data it can take anywhere between 10 weeks and 36 weeks for a plant to grow to maturity. That is, again, anywhere between 2.5 months to 9 months. The most common grow time is 3 to 4 months. All this is dependent on the strain that you choose. Pure Sativa can run anywhere into the 6 - 9 month bracket. Indica can flower in 6 weeks. As you can image a Sativa/Indica plant will fall into the 2 - 4 month flowering period.

Sinsemilla Strain

Figure 2.17 - Seeded bud picture by Shecky

Greene.

Figure 2.17 - Seeded bud picture by Shecky

Greene.

Sinsemilla Crop
Figure 2.18 - Great bushy plant picture by X3n0.

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