Stixis scortechinii King Jacobs

[After Father Scortechini, botanist in Perak, Malaysia during the end of the 19th century]

Synonymy: Roydsia scortechinii King., Roydsia parviflora (non Griff.) King.

Uses: In Indonesia, the juice expressed from the roots is used to soothe sore eyes. It will be interesting to learn whether more intensive future research on Stixis scortechinii (King) Jacobs will disclose any molecules of therapeutic interest. This species will probably disappear before being assessed for pharmacology.

Physical description: It is a rare twining shrub which grows to a height of 3m-4m tall in the rainforests of Sumatra and Malaysia. The stems are terete, smooth and lenticelled. Leaves:

Fig. 124. Stixis scortechinii (King) Jacobs. From: KLU Herbarium 4322. Field collector: LFH Merton, 14 July 1963, 3000 ft, Fraser's Hill, on the road from the Gap (Pahang) in a large climber on Castanopsis, Malaysia. Botanical identification: L.L. Forman, Royal Botanical Garden, Kew, 1974.

simple, without stipules and spiral. The petiole is 1 cm-1.4cm long, terete, smooth, glabrous and curved toward the blade. The blade is oblong lanceolate, orbiculate, acute at the base, shortly acuminate at the apex, and 6.5cm-9cm x 4.5cm-2.8cm. The blade shows 5-6 pairs of secondary nerves which are arching at the margin. The inflorescences are stout and 15cm-20cm long terminal racemes. The fruits are green, hard, ovoid, smooth, 3.2cm-3.5cm x 2cm-2.5cm and very shortly apiculate at the apex, containing a single seed of about 2.4 cm (Fig. 124).

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown.

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