Scorodocarpus borneensis Becc

[From Greek, scorodocarpos = smelly fruit, and Latin, borneensis = from Borneo]

Scorodocarpus

Physical description: It is a massive timber which grows to a height of 25 m and a girth of 2 m. It is found in the rainforests of Malaysia and Indonesia. The forested areas where this tree grows, smell of garlic. The bark is brown and scaly, and the inner bark is pinkish-red, juicy and very smelly. Leaves: simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 1.5cm-1.8cm long, curved at the apex and woody. The blade is glossy, greyish-green, rigid, obovate, and 24 cm x 9.2cm-17cm x 6.3 cm.

Common names: Wood garlic; pokok kulim (Malay).

Common names: Wood garlic; pokok kulim (Malay).

Scorodocarpus Borneensis

Fig. 180. From: KLU Herbarium 043271. The Herbarium Waraniset, East Kalimantan, Indonesia (Flora of East Kalimantan). Field collector: Ambri, Arifin, Arbainsyah. Botanical Identificatiom: AA & Kessler. Geographical localization: Indonesia, East Kalimantan, KPC area, Bengalon, Projosamarea, Km 4,117° 32' East - 00° 47' North, altitude: 40 m, 11 Apr 1990. Secondary forest.

Fig. 180. From: KLU Herbarium 043271. The Herbarium Waraniset, East Kalimantan, Indonesia (Flora of East Kalimantan). Field collector: Ambri, Arifin, Arbainsyah. Botanical Identificatiom: AA & Kessler. Geographical localization: Indonesia, East Kalimantan, KPC area, Bengalon, Projosamarea, Km 4,117° 32' East - 00° 47' North, altitude: 40 m, 11 Apr 1990. Secondary forest.

Uses: The Malays of Perak use the fresh seeds as a substitute for garlic and as a medicine to remove ringworms. In Indonesia, the seeds are used to expel intestinal worms.

The apex of the blade is acuminate. The nervations are deeply sunken above and raised below. The blade shows 3-6 pairs of secondary nerves, and a few tertiary nerves below. The inflorescences are short axillary racemes. The flowers are greenish-white and 6 mm long. The fruits are green drupes of about 5 cm diameter, containing a single seed enclosed in a crustaceous shell. The seeds are oily and very smelly (Fig. 180).

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Responses

  • jere mieto
    How to propagate scorodocarpus borneensis?
    3 years ago

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