Scaevola taccada Gaertn Roxb

[From Latin, scaevola = left-handed]

Physical description: It is a shrub native to the coasts around the Indian and western Pacific oceans; commonly found on seashores, sandy sites behind

Synonymy: Scaevo/a frutescens Krause, Scaevo/a koenigii Vahl, Scaevo/a sericea Forst., Lobe/ia sericea (Vahl)Kuntze var. koenigii (Vahl)Kuntze, Scaevo/a sericea Vahl.

Common names: Scaevola, half flower, beach naupaka; dudu/an (Javanese); ambong-ambong, bong-bong (Thai); orpin/etan (Burmese); ve//amuttagam (Tamil).

the shores and on rocky shore side cliffs, often forming dense thickets which grows to a height of 6 m. The stems are succulent, glabrous and smooth. Leaves: simple, sessile, spiral and without stipules. The blade is succulent, glossy, glabrous, spathu-late and 20.5 cm x 6.5cm-23.5cm x 7.8 cm. Tufts of silky white hairs are present at the base of the leaves. The inflorescences are axillary dichotomous cymes which are 7cm-9cm long. The flowers are showy, whitish and 1.6cm-1.8cm long. The calyx is conical, 2mm x 7 mm, hairy and produces 5 linear lobes of about 2.5mm long. The corolla is characteristically hemi-tubular, 1cm-1.3cm long and produces 5 valvate lobes. The andrecium consists of 5 stamens. The style is 2 cm long. The fruits are globose, large, greenish-white, lobed, succulent berries, crowned with the 5 calyx lobes and containing rough and bony stones (Figs. 340 & 341).

Fig. 340. Scaevo/a taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb.
Fig. 341. Scaevo/a taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb.
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