Caceres A, etal. (1995) J Ethnopharmacol 48(2): 85-88. Phan TT, etal. (1996) J Altern Complement Med 2(3): 335-343. Phan TT, etal. (1998) Plast Reconstr Surg 101(3): 756-765.

Warning: The plant may contain hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Galinsoga parviflora Cav.

[Named for Mariano Martinez Galinsoga, 18th century Spanish physician and from Latin, parviflora = small flowers]

Synonymy: Galinsoga parviflora Cav. var. semicalva Gray, Galinsoga semicalva (Gray) St. John & White.

Common names: Gallant soldier, small-flower galinsoga, frenchweed, yellow weed, quickweed; bribil (Java); galinsoga a petite fleurs (French).

Uses: In Indonesia, Galinsoga parviflora Cav. is used to resolve inflammation. The pharmacological potential of Galinsoga parviflora Cav. remains unexplored.

Fig. 375. Galinsoga parviflora Cav. From: Delhi University Herbarium 004389. Geographical localization: New Delhi. 5 Sep 1957.

Physical description: It is an annual and erect herb native to tropical America, growing to a height of 30 cm tall in urban areas, trails, open rocky sites or pastures of the Asia-Pacific from sea level to 1800 m. The stems are subglabrous, ribbed and fibrous. Leaves: simple, 2.6cm-3.2cm x 1.3 cm-1.6 cm, opposite and without stipules. The petiole is long and thin. The blade is lanceolate, serrate, obovate, showing 2-3 pairs originating from the base of the blade which is acute. The inflorescences are terminal yellow and white, globose capitula of approximately 5 mm in diameter attached to hairy pedicels of variable length (Fig. 375).

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