References

Kvetensky J (1967) CasLekCesk 106(6): 163-165. McCutcheon AR, etal. (1995) J Ethnopharmacol 49(2): 101-110.

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown. Nasturtium indicum DC.

[From Latin, nasus tortus = twisted nose and indicum = from India]

Pharmaceutical interest: It is an invasive herb which grows to a height of 45 cm in Asia. The stems are succulent, glabrous or hairy, and terete. Leaves: simple, 7.5 cm x 2.5 cm and without stipules. The blade is ovate-lanceolate, and runcinate-dentate. The inflorescences are terminal and long racemes of several small and bright yellow flowers. The flower pedicels are 3 mm-6 mm long. The fruits are 1.2 cm-2 cm long capsules which are straight or slightly curved and contain several seeds. The seeds are very small, 2-seriate and red.

Pharmaceutical interest: Nasturtium indicum DC. contains sinigrin, a glu-cosinolate, which is the precursor of allylisothiocyanate (Pulverer G et al., 1969). Sinigrin inhibits the initiation and promotion phases of 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide-induced rat tongue cancer.

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