Lee MH, et al. (2001) J Agr Food Chem 49(11): 5551-5555.

Fig. 170. Melastoma candidum D. Don.

Uses: In Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, Melastoma candidum D. Don is used to stop diarrhea, dysentry and leucorrhea. In Taiwan, a decoction of the stem and leaves of Melastoma candidum D. Don is drunk to treat fever and rickets.

296 Division MAGNOLIOPHYTA Memecylon edule Roxb.

[From Greek, memecylon = the fruit of Arbutus unedo and from Latin, edule = edible]

Common name: Nipis kulit (Malay).

Physical description: It is a handsome coastal shrub found in Southeast Asia. The stems are terete and glabrous. Leaves: simple, opposite and without stipules. The petiole is grooved, 1 cm-1.5cm long. The blade is elliptic-lanceolate, coriaceous, and 7.3 cm x 4.2cm-8.6cm x 5 cm. The midrib is sunken above and raised below. The inflorescences are axillary racemes. The fruits are pinkish, globose, open at the apex, 5 mm-7 mm in diameter (Fig. 171).

Pharmacological potential:The pharmacological potential of Memecylon edule Roxb. remains unexplored. Oral administration of an alcoholic extract of Memecylon umbellatum lowers the serum glucose level in glucose and alloxan-induced diabetic mice (AmalrajT et a/., 1998) on probable account of ellagic acid derivatives, flavonoids or tannins.

Fig. 171. Memecylon edule Roxb. From: KLU Herbarium 17138. Flora of Malaya. 19 Aug 1972. Geographical localization: Kedah, P. Langkawi, Pulau Timun, East end, head of rocky limestone beach, altitude: 10 ft. Field collector and botanical identification.: BCS Stone.

Uses: In Burma, the leaves of Memecylon edule Roxb. are used for their astringent properties. In Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, Memecylon edule Roxb. is used to treat fever. In the Philippines, a variety of Memecy-lon edule Roxb. is used to promote menses and treat ophthalmia.

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