References

Chakraborty DP, etal. (1972) Indian J Exp Biol 1(10): 78-80. Pal BC, etal. (1994) Phytochem 35(5): 1315-1318.

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown. D. Order NEPENTHALES Lindley 1833

The order Nepenthales consists of the Droseraceae (100 species), Nepenthaceae (75 species) and Sarraceniaceae (15 species). Nepenthales are perennial herbs which have evolved with the Malvales from a common ancestry in Theales carnivorous plants forced to adapt habitats deficient in nitrogen (Appendix I). The main chemical weapons used in this order are flavonoids and naphthoquinones.

Uses: In Burma, Barringtonia acutan-gula (L.) Gaertn. is used to promote appetite, to treat ophthalmia and diarrhea. In Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. is used to treat gingivitis, diarrhea, blenorrhea, menorrhagia and malaria, counteract insect-poisoning, and to check bleeding. The seeds are also used there to stupefy fish. In the Philippines, Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. is used to heal wounds and treat stomach problems.

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