Plumieria rubra L sensu lato

[After Charles Plumier, a 17th century French botanist; and from Latin, ruber = red]

Synonymy: Plumieria acuminata Ait., Plumieria acutifolia Poir., Plumieria alba L., Plumieria singaporensis.

Common names: Frangipani, jasmine tree, pagoda tree temple flower; bois de lait, frangipanier (French); ilattalari (Tamil); devaganagalu (Sanskrit); chinachampac, taroksaga, tayopsagah (Burmese); champei(Cambodian); bunga kubur, kanbodia, chempaka (Malay).

Physical description: It is a magnificent ornamental tree native to South America. The bark is pale ash-colored and soft, and exudes an abundant pure white latex. Leaves: simple, without stipules, few, and spirally inserted at the apex of the twigs. The petiole Fig. 270. Plumieria rubra L. sensu lato. is stout, channeled above, and 2 cm-

7 cm long. The blade is thick, glossy, oblong, lanceolate, or spathulate, and 14cm-30cm x 5cm-10cm. The apex of the blade is acute, round or shortly acuminate. The blade shows about 20 pairs of secondary nerves. The flowers are showy, slightly fragrant and arranged in terminal pedunculate corymbs. The corolla is tubular and 5-lobed, pure white or white tinged with pink or red. The fruits consist of pairs of follicles which are fusiform, leathery, smooth, 25 cm x 2 cm and filled with planoconvex and winged seeds (Fig. 270).

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