Physical description It is a 7 cm

10 cm tall, woody and creeping herb found in China, Japan and Australia. The stems are microscopically hairy. Leaves: simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 0.5 mm long. The blade is coffee-bean-like, broadly elliptic, notched at the apex, 7 mm x 4 mm-4mm x 2 mm, and glabrous except for a few hairs


and vitis-idaea = vine of Mount Ida]

Uses: In China and Japan, Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. is used to treat gonorrhea. The dried leaves (Cowberry leaf, Japanese Pharmacopoeia, 1961) are astringent and have been used as a domestic Japanese remedy for the treatment of diarrhea and rheumatic conditions. The plant contains arbutin, the forerunner of hydroquinone which is well known for its urinary antiseptic properties.

underneath. The midrib is sunken above. The margin is laxly serrate. The fruits are berries of 7 mm in diameter (Fig. 132).

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