Pharmaceutical interest

Cardiovascular properties: Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. produces cylin-drene, a sesquiterpene, which inhibits the contraction of vascular smooth muscle (Matsunaga K et a/., 1994); cylindol A, which inhibits the enzymatic activity 5-lipo-oxygenase (Matsunaga K et a/., 1994a); graminone B, a lignan, which inhibits the contraction of rabbit aorta (Matsunaga K et a/., 1994b) and imperanene, which inhibits the aggregation of platelets (Matsunaga K et a/., 1995).

Other pharmacological properties: A number of polysaccharides characterized from a water-soluble crude extract of this grass, boost the proliferation of murine splenocytes (PinillaV eta/., 1999). An extract of the rhizome of Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. inhibits the urination of rats (Sripanidkulchai B et a/., 2000).

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