Pharmaceutical interest

Hepatoprotective property: A methano-lic extract of leaves of Gymnosporia montana lowers the enzymatic activity of transaminases, the level of lipid constituents and the level of orosumucoid in the serum, and the level of glycogen in the liver of animals poisoned with carbon tetrachloride (De S et a/., 1994).

Uses: In the Philippines, a decoction of the leaves of Gymnosporia spinosa (Blco.) Merr. & Rolfe is drunk to assuage headache. In India, the fruits are used to promote digestion, expel impurities, heal ulcers and piles, soothe inflammation and treat corneal opacities (Ayurveda), fever and biliousness.

Cellular property: The plants classified within the genus Gymnosporia are interesting because they contain compounds which are DNA strandscission agents such as syringaldehyde, (-)-syringaresinol, (+)-catechin, and (+)-epicatechin characterized from Gymnosporia trigyna (Deng JZ etal., 2000).

och3

OH OCH3

h3co och3

h3co

OCH3

Syringaresinol

OCH3

Syringaresinol

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