Pharmaceutical interest

Antibacterial and antiviral properties: A methanolic extract of the bark of Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.BV. Robinson inhibits the growth of 16 microorganisms as effectively as chloramphenicol (Mandal SC et a/., 2002). This plant produces a eudesman sesquiterpene called verticillatol and the lignan (+)-demethoxyeoiexcelsin which inhibit the replication of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus with IC50 of 34.5 mg/mL and 16.4 mg/mL respectively (Hoang VD et al., 2002).

Other properties: The essential oil extracted from Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. BV. Robinson displays a number of psychopharmacological

Uses: In Burma, Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. BV. Robinson is used to stop dysentery. In China, the pounded leaves are applied externally to treat skin diseases. In Malaysia, the crushed seeds are applied externally to treat skin diseases. In the Philippines, Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. BV. Robinson is used to stop dysentery. The roots and leaves are used to soothe sprains and bruises. In Vietnam, the pounded bark is used to heal boils.

Synonymy: Litsea chinensis Lam., Litsea sebifera Pers.

Common name: Indian laurel, pond spice.

Fig. 22. Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C. BV. Robinson.

Verticillatol

O

OCH3

Demethoxyeoiexcelsin

OCH3

Verticillatol

Demethoxyeoiexcelsin

(Menon MK et al., 1970) and cardiovascular (Kar A et al., 1970) properties experimentally.

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