Parartocarpus venenosus Zoll Mor Becc ssp forbesii King Jarret

[From Greek, artos = bread, karpos = fruit, heteros = different and from Latin, venenosus = poisonous]

Physical description: It is a tree which grows to a height of 40 m in the lowland flooded rainforests of Malaysia and Indonesia. The core of the trunk is hollow and often inhabited by red ants. The bole is straight The wood is soft and whitish.The bark is ash-coloured, with large lenticels, and papery scaly. The inner bark is orange-cream, and exudes an abundant and very poisonous milky latex. Leaves: simple, entire, spiral and stipulate. The petiole is 1.5cm-4cm long. The blade is leathery, obovate, and 6 cm-17 cm x 3.5 cm-9 cm. The blade shows 6-12 pairs of secondary nerves. The flowers are axillary, and the male heads are globose. The fruits are globose, yellowish, 18 cm in diameter, spiny and attached to the stems by 3cm-10cm long pedicels.

Warning: This plant is very poisonous.

OH O

OH O

Artonin A

Artonin A

Common name: Berteh paya (Malay).

Uses: In Malaysia, the latex of Parartocarpus venenosus (Zoll. & Mor.) Becc. ssp. forbesi (King) Jarret is used by the Orang Asli to make arrow-poison. In Indonesia, the latex is applied externally to resolve inflamed parts and to heal wounds. This plant has apparently not been investigated for its therapeutic potential.

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