Momordica charantia L

[From Latin, mordere = bite]

Physical description: It is a slender annual climber cultivated in the tropical regions for its edible berries. The stems are hairy and 1 mm-2 mm in

Synonymy: Momordica balsamina sensu Blanco.

Common names: Wild basalm apple, bitter gourd, carilla fruit; kyethenka (Burma); mreas (Cambodian); koo kwa kan (Chinese); pandipane (French); periah (Malay); pepino de Sao Gregorio (Portuguese); karaka; patu (Sanskrit); pakal (Tamil); kho qua (Vietnamese).

diameter. Leaves: simple, alternate and without stipules. The petiole is 1 cm-2 cm long and hairy. The tendrils are opposite the leaves, and 1 cm-6 cm long. The blade is very thin, mottled with very small blackish spots below, hairy, 3.4 cm x 3.5 cm-2.9 cm x 3.7 cm and deeply 5-7-lobed. The nerves are sunken above, flat below and hairy. The margin is laxly toothed. The flowers are axillary, solitary, yellow and attached to 4cm-10cm long pedicels where small bracts are found at or below the middle. The calyx is campanulate, 5-lobed, hairy and 8 mm-10 mm long. The calyx lobes are 5mm-6mm long, elliptic and acute. The corolla is irregular and yellowish and consists of 5, 1.6cm-3cm long petals which are free, showily veined, hairy and rotate. The andrecium comprises of 3 stamens which are condu-plicate. The ovary is fusiform and muricate, and develops upwards into a 3-fid stigma. The fruits are edible, fusiform, muricate, bright orange when ripe, 5cm-15cm long, and cucumber-shaped berries containing several seeds. The seeds are 8 mm-13 mm long, compressed, corrugated on the margin, sculptured on both surfaces and embedded in a crimson aril (Fig. 115).

Berry Boosters

Berry Boosters

Acai, Maqui And Many Other Popular Berries That Will Change Your Life And Health. Berries have been demonstrated to be some of the healthiest foods on the planet. Each month or so it seems fresh research is being brought out and new berries are being exposed and analyzed for their health giving attributes.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment