Mitrella kentii Bl

[From Greek, mitra = belt or girdle worn

Physical description: It is a woody climber of peat swamp forest, coastal beach and seashores of the Asia-Pacific. The pedicels, calyx, outer petals and young leaves are covered with a golden tomentum. Leaves: simple, alternate and exstipulate. The petiole is 1 cm long. The blade is oblong-elliptic, leathery, dark green above and grey green below. The apex of the blade is acute-acuminate and the base is acute. The midrib is sunken above and raised below, and there are about 12 pairs of secondary nerves. The flowers are axillary. The calyx consists of a 3-angled connate cups, and the petals are ovate, valvate, small, the inner ones being smaller. The fruits are dull-orange ripe carpels (Fig. 11).

Pharmaceutical interest: Dihydrochal-cones: (-)-neolinderatin, (-)-lideratin and 2' ,6'-dihydroxy-4'-methoxydihydro-chalcone, and (+)-catechin are known to occur in the stem bark of Mitrella kentii (Bl.) Miq (Benosman A etal., 1997). One might set the hypothesis that these phenolic substances are responsible by warriors round the waist]

Synonymy: Melodorum pisocarpum Hk. f. et Thoms, Melodorum elegans Hk.f et Thoms.

Common names: Kiawi(Indonesian).

Common names: Kiawi(Indonesian).

Fig. 11. Mitrella kentii (Bl.) Miq. From: Herbarium 34155. Field collector & botanical identification: JF Maxwell. Geographical localization: Singapore, 1982.

Continue reading here: Orophea polycarpa A DC

Was this article helpful?

0 0