Mangifera indica L

[From Latin, mangifera = mango-bearing and indica = from India]

Common name: Mango tree; manguier (French); mempelan, buah mangga (Malay); amra (Sanskrit).

Physical description: It is a fruit tree which grows to a height of 8 m. It has been cultivated since ancient times, so its origin is uncertain; but it is believed to have originated in the monsoon belt of India or Indochina. The bark is greyish, fissured and exudes a sticky resin. Leaves: simple, 12cm-30cm x 4cm-9cm, typically narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, pointed, slightly leathery, and with wavy edges and showy nervations. The flowers are very small, greenish-yellow or white, fragrant

and arranged in yellowish-pink panicles that are showy. The fruits (mango) are large drupes, more or less kidney-shaped, green initially, then ripening to a yellow color. The pulp is palatable and yellow to orange, and the seed is elongated, fibrous and flattened (Fig. 231).

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